Alterations in sleep are common manifestations of aging that can lead to significant health problems and contribute to behavioural problems associated with age-related neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Recent advances have revealed key cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in sleep regulation, and this knowledge is helping to advance an understanding of both the normal functions of sleep and the mechanisms responsible for abnormalities in sleep in various neurological conditions and during normal aging. This volume of Advances in Cell Aging and Gerontology brings together chapters by leaders in the fields of sleep research and the neurobiology of aging. The book starts with chapters describing fundamental aspects of the neurocircuitry involved in sleep, patterns of brain activity during the different stages of sleep and disturbances of sleep during aging. The links between depression, anxiety and insomnia are reviewed in regards to the underlying neurochemical alterations that appear to involve abnormalities in neurotransmitter and neurotrophic factor signalling. The evolutionary basis of sleep is reviewed and the emerging evidence supporting a major role for sleep in learning and memory is described. The bulk of the book focuses on specific sleep disorders associated with aging and age-related neurodegenerative disorders. A comprehensive consideration of this topic is woven through a number of chapters that address both basic research and clinical aspects of sleep abnormalities during aging and in disease. The impact of sleep on the immune system is described. The articles are written in a high level of detail and are comprehensive, thus providing valuable information for a range of scientists and other well-educated people. In particular, the book will be a valuable resource for graduate students, postdoctoral and senior scientists in the fields of sleep, aging, neurodegenerative disorders and learning and memory. In addition, clinicians will find this book valuable as it provides a bridge between basic research and the treatment of the patients with sleep disorders.
* Covers the fields of sleep in aging and age-related disease from neurochemistry to the clinic * Includes detailed summary diagrams that depict key concepts * Provides views of the future of research on sleep and aging, and the potential for prevention and treatment of various sleep disorders
Researchers, graduate students, and postdocs in the fields of sleep, aging, neurodegenerative disorders, learning and memory.
Table of Contents
1. Evolutionary Aspects of Sleep (J.L. Kavanau). 2. Sleep Disturbances in Aging (M. Marroquin, M. Means, J. Edinger). 3. Sleep and Learning in Animal Models (B. Row, D. Gozal). 4. Sleep Apnea (A.Y. Avidan). 5. Sleep and Neuro-Immune Function (B. Perras, J. Born). 6. Neurotrophic Factors and Sleep (M.P. Mattson). 7. The Cellular and Molecular Biology of Sleep Deprivation (A. Terao, T. Kilduff).
Dr. Mattson is a Professor of Neuroscience at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. After receiving his PhD degree from the University of Iowa, Dr. Mattson completed a postdoctoral fellowship in Developmental Neuroscience at Colorado State University. He then joined the Sanders-Brown Center on Aging at the University of Kentucky College of Medicine where he advanced to Full Professor. From 2000-2019 Dr. Mattson was the Chief of the Laboratory of Neurosciences at the National Institute on Aging in Baltimore where he brought neuroscience research to the forefront at that NIH Institute. Dr. Mattson’s research is aimed at understanding molecular and cellular mechanisms of brain aging and the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. His work has elucidated how the brain responds adaptively to challenges such as fasting and exercise, and he has used that information to develop novel interventions to promote optimal brain function throughout life. Dr. Mattson is among the most highly cited neuroscientists in the world with over 150,000 citations and an ‘h’ index of over 200. He was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and has received many awards including the Metropolitan Life Foundation Medical Research Award, the Alzheimer’s Association Zenith Award and the Santiago Grisolia Chair Prize. He was the founding Editor and Editor-in-Chief of Ageing Research Reviews and Neuromolecular Medicine, and is currently a Reviewing or Associate Editor for the Journal of Neuroscience and Trends in Neurosciences.