Silicon Carbide Biotechnology - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780128029930, 9780128030059

Silicon Carbide Biotechnology

2nd Edition

A Biocompatible Semiconductor for Advanced Biomedical Devices and Applications

Editors: Stephen Saddow
eBook ISBN: 9780128030059
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128029930
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st March 2016
Page Count: 378
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Silicon Carbide Biotechnology: A Biocompatible Semiconductor for Advanced Biomedical Devices and Applications, Second Edition, provides the latest information on this wide-band-gap semiconductor material that the body does not reject as a foreign (i.e., not organic) material and its potential to further advance biomedical applications.

SiC devices offer high power densities and low energy losses, enabling lighter, more compact, and higher efficiency products for biocompatible and long-term in vivo applications, including heart stent coatings, bone implant scaffolds, neurological implants and sensors, glucose sensors, brain-machine-interface devices, smart bone implants, and organ implants.

This book provides the materials and biomedical engineering communities with a seminal reference book on SiC for developing technology, and is a resource for practitioners eager to identify and implement advanced engineering solutions to their everyday medical problems for which they currently lack long-term, cost-effective solutions.

Key Features

  • Discusses the properties, processing, characterization, and application of silicon carbide biomedical materials and related technology
  • Assesses literature, patents, and FDA approvals for clinical trials, enabling rapid assimilation of data from current disparate sources and promoting the transition from technology R&D, to clinical trials
  • Includes more on applications and devices, such as SiC nanowires, biofunctionalized devices, micro-electrode arrays, heart stent/cardiovascular coatings, and continuous glucose sensors, in this new edition


Biomedical and materials engineers and scientists, device professionals and related specialists searching for a robust biomedical option for implantation with semiconductor effects.

Table of Contents

  • In Memoriam
  • Dedication
  • List of contributors
  • Preface to Second Edition
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1: Silicon Carbide Materials for Biomedical Applications
    • Abstract
    • 1.1. Preamble
    • 1.2. Introduction to the second edition
    • 1.3. Summary to the second edition
    • 1.4. Introduction to the first edition
    • 1.5. Silicon carbide – materials overview
    • 1.6. Silicon carbide material growth and processing
    • 1.7. Silicon carbide as a biomedical material
    • 1.8. Summary to the first edition
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 2: Cytotoxicity of 3C–SiC Investigated Through Strict Adherence to ISO 10993
    • Abstract
    • 2.1. Introduction
    • 2.2. In vitro biomedical testing methods for cytotoxicity
    • 2.3. Improved ISO 10993: the BAMBI method
    • 2.4. 3C–SiC in vitro evaluation
    • 2.5. Summary and the future of 3C–SiC biomedical testing
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 3: Study of the Hemocompatibility of 3C–SiC and a-SiC Films Using ISO 10993-4
    • Abstract
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. In vitro biomedical testing methods for cytotoxicity
    • 3.3. In vitro assay to assess hemocompatibility of SiC
    • 3.4. Summary
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 4: Graphene Functionalization for Biosensor Applications
    • Abstract
    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. Production of graphene
    • 4.3. Graphene characterization methods
    • 4.4. Functionalization chemistries
    • 4.5. Biofunctionalization
    • 4.6. Effect on transport properties
    • 4.7. Applications
  • Chapter 5: SiC Biosensing and Electrochemical Sensing: State of the Art and Perspectives
    • Abstract
    • 5.1. Introduction
    • 5.2. SiC and biomedical applications
    • 5.3. Electrochemical biosensors
    • 5.4. SiC- and PEDOT:PSS-based biosensors—a complementary competition
    • 5.5. SiC-based field effect transistors in biosensing: perspectives and challenges
    • 5.6. Conclusions
  • Chapter 6: SiC RF Antennas for In Vivo Glucose Monitoring and WiFi Applications
    • Abstract
    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. Blood-glucose monitoring methods
    • 6.3. SiC for RF biotechnology
    • 6.4. SiC RF antenna development for CGM
    • 6.5. Sensor platform development for the ISM band
    • 6.6. Summary and future work
  • Chapter 7: In Vivo Exploration of Robust Implantable Devices Constructed From Biocompatible 3C–SiC
    • Abstract
    • 7.1. Introduction
    • 7.2. Corrosion and chemical resilience
    • 7.3. In vivo performance
    • 7.4. 3C–SiC for BMI applications—an update
    • 7.5. Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 8: Amorphous Silicon Carbide for Neural Interface Applications
    • Abstract
    • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.2. Biotic and abiotic mechanisms of device failure
    • 8.3. Role of the material choice in the tissue response
    • 8.4. In vitro “neurocompatibility” of a-SiC
    • 8.5. In vivo tissue response to a-SiC-coated probes
    • 8.6. Summary
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 9: SiC Nanowire-Based Transistors for Electrical DNA Detection
    • Abstract
    • 9.1. Introduction
    • 9.2. Elaboration of SiC nanostructures
    • 9.3. Technological process of nanoFETs
    • 9.4. Functionalization and DNA hybridization
    • 9.5. Electrical detection of DNA
    • 9.6. Summary
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 10: Silicon Carbide-Based Nanowires for Biomedical Applications
    • Abstract
    • 10.1. Introduction
    • 10.2. 3C–SiC–SiO2 core–shell nanowires: growth, structure, and luminescence properties
    • 10.3. In vitro cytocompatibility of 3C–SiC–SiO2 nanowires
    • 10.4. Functionalized 3C–SiC–SiOx nanowires for X-ray-excited photodynamic therapy in vitro
    • 10.5. Nanowire platforms: in vitro cytocompatibility and platelet activation
    • 10.6. Summary
    • Acknowledgments
  • Index


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About the Editor

Stephen Saddow

Dr. Saddow’s research interests are to develop wide-bandgap semiconductor materials for high-field and high-power device applications. His most recent work has focused on the use of SiC for Bio, Nano and MEMS applications. He is a visiting professor in Sicily where he conducts analysis and growth studies of 3C-SiC on Si substrates at the Istituto per la Microelettronica e Microsistemi - Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche (IMM-CNR), Catania, Sicily (IT). His ultimate research objective is to develop smart sensors for harsh environments and biomedical applications based on wide band gap semiconductor materials. He is a senior member of the IEEE and has over 100 publications on SiC materials and devices, with nearly half in archived journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Dept. of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering and Dept. of Molecular Pharmacology and Physiology, College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA

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