Silicate Structures and dispersion system

Silicate Structures and dispersion system

1st Edition - January 28, 1975

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  • Author: Wilhelm Eitel
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142274

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Silicate Science, Volume VI: Silicate Structures and Dispersoid Systems reviews the advances made in silicate research from 1960 through 1970, with emphasis on X-ray diffraction methods, their theory, and the refinements of special silicate structures, particularly of natural silicate minerals or of synthetic products. The Zolati systematics of silicate crystal structures are used in this treatise, along with the principle of a systematics after the "sharing coefficients." Comprised of three sections, this volume begins with an overview of the progress made in infrared and Raman spectroscopy as well as the Mössbauer nuclear paramagnetic resonance method. Advances in experimental techniques applicable to crystal structure problems and crystal chemistry are highlighted, together with research in isomorphism, isotypism, polymorphism, and the epitaxis phenomena. The next section deals with clay minerals and considers the refined physical-chemical methods used for their identification, chiefly by infrared spectroscopy. Structures, adsorption, and base exchange reactions of clay minerals with inorganic and organic compounds are analyzed. The final section is devoted to silica and silicate dispersoid systems and the many advances made in electron microscopy, especially in the Castaing electron microprobe method. This book will be of interest to mineralogists, chemists, and crystallographers.

Table of Contents

  • General Preface

    Preface to volume VI


    Contents of Other Volumes

    Section A Silicate Crystal Structure

    General Introduction

    General Crystallochemical Principles in the Constitution of Silicates

    Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy and Silicate Structure Determination

    Special Silicate Structures

    One-Dimensionally Infinite Tetrahedral Structures (Strunz: Inosilicates)

    Two-Dimensional Infinite Networks of Tetrahedral Units (Phyllosilicates)

    Three-Dimensional Infinite Tetrahedral Silicate Structures

    Crystallochemical Aspects of Isostructural Relations and Isomorphism of Silicates

    Epitaxis Phenomena


    Section B General Principles of Clay Minerals

    Kandite Minerals

    Infrared Spectroscopy of Clay Minerals: General

    Smectite Clay Minerals

    Hydration Properties of the Minerals of the Montmorillonite Family

    Adsorption of Organic Compounds on Smectite Clay Minerals

    Ion Exchange Phenomena in Smectite Minerals

    Illite (Mica-Like) Clay Minerals

    The Glauconite-Celadonite Clay Mineral Group

    Fibrous Clay Minerals: Palygorskite-Attapulgite Groups

    Chloritic Clay Minerals

    Vermiculites and Mixed-Layer Clay Minerals

    Mixed-Layer Clay Minerals

    Section C Silicate Dispersoids: Introduction and Definitions

    Grain-Size Determination

    Dispersion Methods

    Qualitative and Quantitative Dispersoid Identification

    Silica Sols and Polymerization Phenomena

    Electrostatic Charges of Suspended Particles and Flocculation Phenomena

    Optical Properties of Dispersoid Systems

    Color Phenomena of Dispersoids

    Investigation of Dispersoids by X-Ray Diffraction and Corpuscular Radiation Effects

    Electron Microscopy of Dispersoid Systems

    Electron-Beam Microprobe Methods

    Silica and Silicate Hydrogels

    Natural Colloid Gels: Their Aging and Crystallization

    Diagenetic Reactivity of Silica and Silicates

    Polymerization of Silicic Acids: Constitution Problems

    Formation of Clay Minerals from Mixed Hydrogels

    Lateritization: Bauxite Deposition

    Rhythmic Diffusion and Deposition Zonalities in Agates, and Related Phenomena

    Adsorption of Foreign Material on Silicate Sediments

    Flotation Processes under the Action of Organic Agents

    Adsorption of Organic Dystuffs on Silica and Silicates

    Mixed Hydrogels of Alumina and Silica

    Colloid-Physical Theories for the Application of Surface-Active Silicates

    The Clay-Water Systems: Plasticity, Workability, and Drying Mechanisms

    Hydrostatic Molding

    Colloid Physical and Geophysical Problems Involved in Soil Examination

    Sedimentological Problems of Oil Well Reservoirs

    Electrostatic and Electrokinetic Theories of the Clay-Water Systems

    Additional Remarks on the Ion Exchange Properties of Phyllosilicates

    Organosilicate Complexes, Preferably of Phyllosilicates

    Orientation Phenomena in the Intergrowths of Organic Molecules with Layer Silicates

    Additional Newer Perspectives on Organic Derivatives of Silicates

    Practical Application of Organic-Silicate Complexes for Industrial Problems

    Hydration and Permeability of Silica and Silicates

    Rheological Characteristics of Clay-Water Suspension

    Hardness, Brittleness, and Grindability under Control of the Effects of Organic Additions

    Rheology of the Clay-Water Systems

    Chelating and Surface-Active Agents and Deflocculation of Clay-Water Slips

    Slip-Casting Processes

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Compound Index

    Mineral Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 838
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1975
  • Published: January 28, 1975
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142274

About the Author

Wilhelm Eitel

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