Silicate Structures and dispersion system - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122363061, 9780323142274

Silicate Structures and dispersion system

1st Edition

Authors: Wilhelm Eitel
eBook ISBN: 9780323142274
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1975
Page Count: 838
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Description

Silicate Science, Volume VI: Silicate Structures and Dispersoid Systems reviews the advances made in silicate research from 1960 through 1970, with emphasis on X-ray diffraction methods, their theory, and the refinements of special silicate structures, particularly of natural silicate minerals or of synthetic products. The Zolati systematics of silicate crystal structures are used in this treatise, along with the principle of a systematics after the "sharing coefficients."

Comprised of three sections, this volume begins with an overview of the progress made in infrared and Raman spectroscopy as well as the Mössbauer nuclear paramagnetic resonance method. Advances in experimental techniques applicable to crystal structure problems and crystal chemistry are highlighted, together with research in isomorphism, isotypism, polymorphism, and the epitaxis phenomena. The next section deals with clay minerals and considers the refined physical-chemical methods used for their identification, chiefly by infrared spectroscopy. Structures, adsorption, and base exchange reactions of clay minerals with inorganic and organic compounds are analyzed. The final section is devoted to silica and silicate dispersoid systems and the many advances made in electron microscopy, especially in the Castaing electron microprobe method.

This book will be of interest to mineralogists, chemists, and crystallographers.

Table of Contents


General Preface

Preface to volume VI

Acknowledgments

Contents of Other Volumes

Section A Silicate Crystal Structure

General Introduction

General Crystallochemical Principles in the Constitution of Silicates

Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy and Silicate Structure Determination

Special Silicate Structures

One-Dimensionally Infinite Tetrahedral Structures (Strunz: Inosilicates)

Two-Dimensional Infinite Networks of Tetrahedral Units (Phyllosilicates)

Three-Dimensional Infinite Tetrahedral Silicate Structures

Crystallochemical Aspects of Isostructural Relations and Isomorphism of Silicates

Epitaxis Phenomena

Appendix

Section B General Principles of Clay Minerals

Kandite Minerals

Infrared Spectroscopy of Clay Minerals: General

Smectite Clay Minerals

Hydration Properties of the Minerals of the Montmorillonite Family

Adsorption of Organic Compounds on Smectite Clay Minerals

Ion Exchange Phenomena in Smectite Minerals

Illite (Mica-Like) Clay Minerals

The Glauconite-Celadonite Clay Mineral Group

Fibrous Clay Minerals: Palygorskite-Attapulgite Groups

Chloritic Clay Minerals

Vermiculites and Mixed-Layer Clay Minerals

Mixed-Layer Clay Minerals

Section C Silicate Dispersoids: Introduction and Definitions

Grain-Size Determination

Dispersion Methods

Qualitative and Quantitative Dispersoid Identification

Silica Sols and Polymerization Phenomena

Electrostatic Charges of Suspended Particles and Flocculation Phenomena

Optical Properties of Dispersoid Systems

Color Phenomena of Dispersoids

Investigation of Dispersoids by X-Ray Diffraction and Corpuscular Radiation Effects

Electron Microscopy of Dispersoid Systems

Electron-Beam Microprobe Methods

Silica and Silicate Hydrogels

Natural Colloid Gels: Their Aging and Crystallization

Diagenetic Reactivity of Silica and Silicates

Polymerization of Silicic Acids: Constitution Problems

Formation of Clay Minerals from Mixed Hydrogels

Lateritization: Bauxite Deposition

Rhythmic Diffusion and Deposition Zonalities in Agates, and Related Phenomena

Adsorption of Foreign Material on Silicate Sediments

Flotation Processes under the Action of Organic Agents

Adsorption of Organic Dystuffs on Silica and Silicates

Mixed Hydrogels of Alumina and Silica

Colloid-Physical Theories for the Application of Surface-Active Silicates

The Clay-Water Systems: Plasticity, Workability, and Drying Mechanisms

Hydrostatic Molding

Colloid Physical and Geophysical Problems Involved in Soil Examination

Sedimentological Problems of Oil Well Reservoirs

Electrostatic and Electrokinetic Theories of the Clay-Water Systems

Additional Remarks on the Ion Exchange Properties of Phyllosilicates

Organosilicate Complexes, Preferably of Phyllosilicates

Orientation Phenomena in the Intergrowths of Organic Molecules with Layer Silicates

Additional Newer Perspectives on Organic Derivatives of Silicates

Practical Application of Organic-Silicate Complexes for Industrial Problems

Hydration and Permeability of Silica and Silicates

Rheological Characteristics of Clay-Water Suspension

Hardness, Brittleness, and Grindability under Control of the Effects of Organic Additions

Rheology of the Clay-Water Systems

Chelating and Surface-Active Agents and Deflocculation of Clay-Water Slips

Slip-Casting Processes

Author Index

Subject Index

Compound Index

Mineral Index

Details

No. of pages:
838
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1975
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323142274

About the Author

Wilhelm Eitel