Shooting Incident Reconstruction

Shooting Incident Reconstruction

3rd Edition - October 10, 2020

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  • Authors: Michael Haag, Lucien Haag
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128193969
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128193976

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Shooting Incident Reconstruction, Third Edition, offers a thorough explanation of matters from simple to complex to help the reader understand the factors surrounding ballistics, trajectory, and shooting scenes. Forensic scientists, law enforcement, and crime scene investigators are often tasked with reconstruction of events based on crime scene evidence, along with the subsequent analysis of that evidence. The use and misuse of firearms to perpetrate crimes from theft to murder necessitates numerous invitations to reconstruct shooting incidents. The discharge of firearms and the behavior of projectiles create many forms of physical evidence that, through proper testing and interpretation by a skilled forensic scientist, can establish what did and what did not occur. Written by the world's most well-respected shooting scene and ballistics experts, the book addresses the terminology, science, and factors involved in reconstructing shooting incident events to solve forensic cases. It covers the full range of related topics including: the range from which a firearm was discharged; the sequence of shots in a multiple discharge shooting incident; the position of a firearm at the moment of discharge; and the position of a victim at the moment of impact. The probable flight path of a projectile and the manner in which a firearm was discharged are also discussed. Case studies illustrate real-world application of technical concepts, supported by over 200 full-color diagrams and photographs. This book will be of value to practicing forensic scientists (firearm and toolmark examiners), ballistics experts, crime scene personnel, police departments, forensic consultants (generalists), attorneys and judges, medical examiners (coroners), and forensic pathologists.

Key Features

  • New chapters on special reconstructive properties and value of shootings involving sub-machine guns or pseudo automatic firearms, rate of fire with special attention on shot-to-shot time intervals, human factors in shooting incidents
  • Updated and revised glossary terms to fit with new technology and the emergence of standardization of terms by groups such as the Organization of Scientific Advisory Committees
  • Provides clear practice standards and ethical guidelines for those involved in reconstructing shooting scenes


Crime Scene Investigators, Forensic Scientists, Forensic Trainees, Medical Investigators (scene and autopsy), Attorneys and Judges, Undergrad and Graduate Forensic Programs, and Law Libraries

Table of Contents

  • 1. Case Approach, Philosophy, and Objectives
    2. Working Shooting Scenes
    3. The Reconstructive Aspects of Class Characteristics and a Limited Universe
    4. Is It a Bullet Hole?
    5. Some Useful Reagents and Their Application
    6. Distance and Orientation Derived from Gunshot Residue Patterns
    7. Projectile Penetration and Perforation
    8. Projectiles and Glass
    9. Projectile Ricochet and Deflection
    10. The Principles of "Trajectory" Reconstruction
    11. Determining Bullet Track in Gunshot Victims
    12. Trace Evidence Considerations Associate with Firearms
    13. True Ballistics: Long-Range Shootings and Falling Bullets
    14. Cartridge Case Ejection and Ejection Patterns
    15. The Shooting of Motor Vehicles
    16. Shotgun Shootings and Evidence
    17. Sound Level of Gunshots, Supersonic Bullets, and Other Impulse Sounds
    18. Ultimate Objectives, Reports, and Court Presentations

Product details

  • No. of pages: 580
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2020
  • Published: October 10, 2020
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128193969
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128193976

About the Authors

Michael Haag

Michael Haag is the Technical Leader in the Firearm & Tool Mark Unit, in the Scientific Evidence Division for the Albuquerque, New Mexico Police Department. Mr. Haag has held this position for over 20 years. In addition, he is also a member of the Albuquerque Police Department Major Crime Scene Team and a Blood Alcohol Analyst. Mr. Haag is a Distinguished Member of the Association of Firearm and Toolmark Examiners (AFTE), is the Editor of AFTE News, Assistant Editor of the AFTE; and a member of the American Academy of Forensic Science (AAFS), the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENSFI), the Southwest Association of Forensic Scientists (SWAFS) and the Association for Crime Scene Reconstruction (ACSR). Mr. Haag also conducts regular training, seminars and workshops around the world for the AFTE, FBI, IAI, AAFS and ASCLAD, to name a few. Mr. Haag was co-author with his father on the highly successful second edition of Shooting Incident Reconstruction, which published in 2011.

Affiliations and Expertise

Forensic Scientist, Forensic Science Consultants, Albuquerque, NM, USA

Lucien Haag

Lucien C. “Luke” Haag is a former Criminalist and Technical Director of the Phoenix Crime Laboratory, with over 53 years of experience in the field of criminalistics and forensic firearms examination. He is the author of the 1st edition of the book, Shooting Incident Reconstruction, 2005 and co-author of the 2nd edition 2011. Presently he is an independent forensic consultant with his own company, Forensic Science Services, Inc., that provides criminalistics services to prosecutors, public defenders, private attorneys, law enforcement agencies, insurance companies, educational institutions and private individuals. Luke Haag has a Bachelor of Science degree in chemistry from the University of California at Berkeley with subsequent forensic training at California State University at Long Beach, Indiana University, Arizona State University, the FBI Laboratory, the FBI Forensic Training Facility, and course work in Forensic Microscopy from the McCrone Institute. In addition to Distinguished Membership status in the AFTE and the California Association of Criminalists, he is a member of the SWAFS, the AAFS, an Associate Member of ENFSI and past board member of the International Wound Ballistics Association. He has authored and presented over 200 scientific papers, most of which have dealt with various exterior and terminal ballistic properties, effects and behavior of projectiles. His primary area of special interest is the reconstruction of shooting scenes and incidents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Criminalist, Forensic Science Services, Inc., Carefree, AZ, USA

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  • Adam R. Thu Feb 03 2022