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Shooting Incident Reconstruction - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780123822413, 9780123822420

Shooting Incident Reconstruction

2nd Edition

Authors: Michael Haag Lucien Haag
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123822413
eBook ISBN: 9780123822420
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 29th June 2011
Page Count: 440
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Shooting Incident Reconstruction, Second Edition, offers a thorough explanation of matters from simple to complex to help the reader understand the factors surrounding ballistics, trajectory, and shooting scenes.

Forensic scientists, law enforcement, and crime scene investigators are often tasked with reconstruction of events based on crime scene evidence, along with the subsequent analysis of that evidence. The use and misuse of firearms to perpetrate crimes from theft to murder necessitates numerous invitations to reconstruct shooting incidents. The discharge of firearms and the behavior of projectiles create many forms of physical evidence that, through proper testing and interpretation by a skilled forensic scientist, can establish what did and what did not occur.

Written by the world's most well-respected shooting scene and ballistics experts, the book addresses the terminology, science, and factors involved in reconstructing shooting incident events to solve forensic cases. It covers the full range of related topics including: the range from which a firearm was discharged; the sequence of shots in a multiple discharge shooting incident; the position of a firearm at the moment of discharge; and the position of a victim at the moment of impact. The probable flight path of a projectile and the manner in which a firearm was discharged are also discussed. Case studies illustrate real-world application of technical concepts, supported by over 200 full-color diagrams and photographs.

This book will be of value to practicing forensic scientists (firearm and toolmark examiners), ballistics experts, crime scene personnel, police departments, forensic consultants (generalists), attorneys and judges, medical examiners (coroners), and forensic pathologists.

Key Features

  • Written by the most well-respected shooting scene and ballistics experts in the world
  • Contains over 200 full-color diagrams and photographs that support and illustrate key concepts
  • Case studies illustrate real-world application of technical concepts


The audience would include practicing forensic scientists (firearm and toolmark examiners), ballistics experts, crime scene personnel, police departments, forensic consultants (generalists), attorneys and judges, medical examiners (coroners), and forensic pathologists

Table of Contents



Introduction to First Edition

Chapter 1. Case Approach, Philosophy, and Objectives

Chapter 2. Working Shooting Scenes

Chapter 3. The Reconstructive Aspects of Class Characteristics and a Limited Universe

Chapter 4. Is It a Bullet Hole?

Chapter 5. Some Useful Reagents and Their Application

Chapter 6. Distance and Orientation Derived from Gunshot Residue Patterns

Chapter 7. Projectile Penetration and Perforation

Chapter 8. Projectiles and Glass

Chapter 9. Projectile Ricochet and Deflection

Chapter 10. The Principles of “Trajectory” Reconstruction

Chapter 11. Determining Bullet Track (“Trajectory”) in Gunshot Victims

Chapter 12. Trace Evidence Considerations Associated with Firearms

Chapter 13. True Ballistics: Long-Range Shootings and Falling Bullets

Chapter 14. Cartridge Case Ejection and Ejection Patterns

Chapter 15. The Shooting of Motor Vehicles

Chapter 16. Shotgun Shootings and Evidence

Chapter 17. Sound Levels of Gunshots, Supersonic Bullets, and Other Impulse Sounds

Chapter 18. Ultimate Objectives, Reports, and Court Presentations





No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2011
29th June 2011
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Authors

Michael Haag

Michael Haag is the Technical Leader in the Firearm & Tool Mark Unit, in the Scientific Evidence Division for the Albuquerque, New Mexico Police Department. Mr. Haag has held this position for over 20 years. In addition, he is also a member of the Albuquerque Police Department Major Crime Scene Team and a Blood Alcohol Analyst. Mr. Haag is a Distinguished Member of the Association of Firearm and Toolmark Examiners (AFTE), is the Editor of AFTE News, Assistant Editor of the AFTE; and a member of the American Academy of Forensic Science (AAFS), the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENSFI), the Southwest Association of Forensic Scientists (SWAFS) and the Association for Crime Scene Reconstruction (ACSR). Mr. Haag also conducts regular training, seminars and workshops around the world for the AFTE, FBI, IAI, AAFS and ASCLAD, to name a few. Mr. Haag was co-author with his father on the highly successful second edition of Shooting Incident Reconstruction, which published in 2011.

Affiliations and Expertise

Forensic Scientist, Forensic Science Consultants, Albuquerque, NM, USA

Lucien Haag

Lucien C. “Luke” Haag is a former Criminalist and Technical Director of the Phoenix Crime Laboratory, with over 53 years of experience in the field of criminalistics and forensic firearms examination. He is the author of the 1st edition of the book, Shooting Incident Reconstruction, 2005 and co-author of the 2nd edition 2011. Presently he is an independent forensic consultant with his own company, Forensic Science Services, Inc., that provides criminalistics services to prosecutors, public defenders, private attorneys, law enforcement agencies, insurance companies, educational institutions and private individuals. Luke Haag has a Bachelor of Science degree in chemistry from the University of California at Berkeley with subsequent forensic training at California State University at Long Beach, Indiana University, Arizona State University, the FBI Laboratory, the FBI Forensic Training Facility, and course work in Forensic Microscopy from the McCrone Institute. In addition to Distinguished Membership status in the AFTE and the California Association of Criminalists, he is a member of the SWAFS, the AAFS, an Associate Member of ENFSI and past board member of the International Wound Ballistics Association. He has authored and presented over 200 scientific papers, most of which have dealt with various exterior and terminal ballistic properties, effects and behavior of projectiles. His primary area of special interest is the reconstruction of shooting scenes and incidents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Criminalist, Forensic Science Services, Inc., Carefree, AZ, USA


"Well illustrated with diagrams and photographs, the book will give police oversight practitioners a better understanding of what crime scene investigators and criminalists can (and perhaps should) do in an officer involved shooting investigation…. The chapter on bullet track determinations in gunshot victims is an excellent primer for a layperson reviewing an autopsy report…. The chapter on shooting of vehicles will be particularly useful for agencies investigating or reviewing such incidents." --National Association for Civilian Oversight of Law Enforcement (NACOLE) Review

Praise for the first edition:
"Shooting Incident Reconstruction is an informative and comprehensive guide to the analysis of firearms at crime scenes ranging from accidental injuries to carefully planned murders . . . This book covers it all. No longer will investigators be forced to rely on eyewitness accounts alone; instead, they will be able to use the reconstructive aspects of firearms evidence to determine what did and did not happen at a crime scene." --Law Enforcement Technology

"In creating this book, author Lucien C. Haag drew from years of experience in the field, first as a criminalist and later as the former technical director of Phoenix, Ariz., Police Department's forensic laboratory. Shooting Incident Reconstruction provides an explanation of the factors surrounding ballistics, trajectory, and shooting scenes for both the layman and the professional. Key concepts are supported and illustrated by more than 100 diagrams and photographs, many of which are in color. Gun enthusiasts will find much of this book of interest..." --American Rifleman

Ratings and Reviews