Shock Waves in Condensed Matter - 1983 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444869043, 9780444600172

Shock Waves in Condensed Matter - 1983

1st Edition

Editors: J.R. Asay R.A. Graham G.K. Struab
eBook ISBN: 9780444600172
Imprint: North Holland
Published Date: 1st January 1984
Page Count: 672
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Description

Shock Waves in Condensed Matter – 1983 covers the proceedings of the American Physical Society Topical Conference, held in Santa Fe, New Mexico on July 18-21, 1983. The book focuses on the response of matter to dynamic high pressure and temperature.

The selection first elaborates on the review of theoretical calculations of phase transitions and comparisons with experimental results; theoretical and experimental studies of shock-compressed benzene and polybutene; and theory of the iron equation of state and melting curve to very high pressures. The text then ponders on nonhydrostatic effects in stress-wave induced phase transformation of calcite; Bauschinger effect model suitable for use in large computer codes; and strain rate sensitivity prediction for porous bed compaction.

The manuscript takes a look at flaw nucleation and energetics of dynamic fragmentation, shock loading behavior of fused quartz, and aluminum damage simulation in high-velocity impact. Shock wave diagnostics by time-resolved infrared radiometry and non-linear Raman spectroscopy; Raman scattering temperature measurement behind a shock wave; and experiments and simulation on laser-driven shock wave evolution in aluminum targets are also discussed.

The selection is a dependable reference for scientists and readers interested in the response of matter when exposed to dynamic high pressure and temperature.

Table of Contents


Preface

Foreword

Historical Photographs

Chapter I. Keynote

Thunder in the Mountains

Chapter II. Equation of State

A Review of Some Recent Theoretical Calculations of Phase Transitions and Comparisons with Experimental Results

Dense Molecular Thermodynamics

Shocked Fluids at High Densities and Temperatures

Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Shock-Compressed Benzene and Polybutene

Prediction of Pressure Induced Structural Phase Transitions and Internal Mode Frequency Changes in Sol id N2+

Measured Hugoniot States of a Two-Element Fluid, 02 + N2, near 2 Mg / m3

Equations of State for the Alkali Metals, with Generalizations to NaCl

Static P-T-V Measurements on MgO: Comparison with Shock Wave Data

A Theoretical Equation of State for Uranium

Theory of the Iron Equation of State and Melting Curve to Very High Pressures

Compressive Waves and Shock Waves in Anharmonic Solids

Reflected Shocks in SiO2

Precise Ultrahigh-Pressure Experiments

Shock Impedance Match Experiments. In Aluminum and Molybdenum Between 0.1 - 2.5 TPa (1-25 Mbar)

Shock Hugoniot Measurements on Ta to 0.78 TPa

Hugoniot Measurements in Vanadium Using the LLNL Two-Stage Light-Gas Gun

Rarefaction Velocities in Shocked Tantalum and the High Pressure Melting Point

The Velocity of Sound Behind Strong Shock Waves in 2024 Al

Hugoniot Measurements on Unsintered Metal Powders

Chapter III. Constitutive Modeling

Pressure-Shear Impact and the Dynamic Plastic Response of Metals

Nonhydrostatic Effects in Stress-Wave Induced Phase Transformation of Calcite

Lagrangian Analysis with an Emphasis on Unloading Processes

Carbon Piezoresistive Stress Gauge

Shock, Re-Shock, and Release Behavior of a Phenolic Resin FF-17

Dynamic Flow Curve of 4340 Steel as Determined by the Symmetric Rod Impact Test

A Bauschinger Effect Model Suitable for Use in Large Computer Codes

More on the Precursor Decay Anomaly

Shock Induced Temperature Rise in a Titanium Plate

Dynamic Instability in Adiabatic Thermoplastic Shear

A Strain Rate Sensitivity Prediction for Porous Bed Compaction

Chapter IV. Strength and Fracture

Mechanisms of Fragmentation in Brittle Materials

Flaw Nucleation and Energetics of Dynamic Fragmentation

Dynamic Tensile Fracture of OFHC Copper

Dynamic Strength Calculations of W-Alloys Based on Grain Deformation

Aluminum Damage Simulation in High-Velocity Impact

Shock Loading Behaviour of Fused Quartz

Chapter V. Numerical Modeling and Simulation

Numerical Modeling of Dynamic Material Response

Intermediate Velocity Penetration of Steel Spheres into Deep Aluminum Targets

Numerical Simulation of Water Jet Penetration

Plane Hypervelocity Impact and Source Similitude Dependence on a Tillotson E.O.S.

Three-Dimensional Computer Modeling of a Shock Recovery Experiment

2-D Simulations of Shock Recovery Fixtures

Mach Disc Formation in Cylindrical Recovery Systems

Fixtures for Controlled Explosive Loading and Preservation of Powder Samples

Chapter VI. Experimental Technique

High-Pressure Quasi-Isentropic Impact Experiments

Piezoelectric and Electric Properties of PVF2 Polymers Under Shock Wave Action: Application to Shock Transducers

Dynamic Stress Transducer Qualification

A Study of Electromagnetic Stress Gage

Response of Ytterbium Foils Oriented Parallel and Perpendicular to the Shock Front

Two Methods for Measuring Shock Relations with Improved EMV Gauge

Particle Velocity Measurements in Laser Irradiated Foils using ORVIS

Measurement of the Radial Displacement in 2-D Flow by Embedded Constantan Wires

Direct Measurement of Temperature in Shock-Loaded Polymethylmethacrylate with Very Thin Copper Thermistors

Dynamic Heterogeneous Response of Aluminum and Copper to Stress Waves

Results on Richtmyer - Meshkov Instabilities in Condensed Fluids

Status of Electromagnetic Mass-Accelerator Development and Prospect of Application to High Pressure Research

Further Investigation of Stresses and Strains in Targets Impacted by Penetrators

Experimental Determination of Applied Forces During Penetration

Explosive Phase Transitions in Superheated Freon

Influence of Melting on Shocked Free Surface Behavior Using Doppler Laser Interferometry and X-Ray Densitometry

Chapter VII. Optical Properties

Shock Wave Diagnostics by Time-Resolved Infrared Radiometry and Nonlinear Raman Spectroscopy

Raman Spectroscopies in Shock-Compressed Materials

Shock-Induced Luminescence from X-Cut Quartz and Z-Cut Lithium Niobate

Raman Spectroscopy of Shocked Water

Raman Scattering Temperature Measurement Behind a Shock Wave

Emission Spectra of Shock Compressed Solids

Refractive Index and Equation of State of a Shock-Compressed Aqueous Solution of Zinc Chloride

Chapter VIII. Laser-Driven Shocks

Creation of Ultra High Pressure Shocks by the Collision of Laser Accelerated Disks: Experiment and Theory

Experiments and Simulation on Laser-Driven Shock Wave Evolution in Aluminum Targets

The Use of Strong Shock Waves for Isentropic Compression of Inertial Confinement Fusion Targets

Inertial Effects in Laser-Driven Ablation

Measuring Pressure from Short Laser Pulses

Picosecond Laser Induced Shock-Wave-Pressure Measurements in Al, C-Si and GaAs

Reflective Probing of Laser Generated kbar Shocks in Water

Numerical Studies of Laser-Induced Shock Structure in Condensed Materials

Chapter IX. Shock-Induced Modification and Defects

X-Ray Diffraction Line Broadening Studies on Shock-Loaded Ti02 and Al2O3

Temperature and Deformation Microstructure in the Shock Transition

Some Thermodynamical Influences of Defects in Shock-Loaded Solids

Shock Compaction of TiN/TiC Solid Solution Powders

Prediction of Microstructural Modification in Dynamically Consolidated Metal Powders

Monoclinic to Tetragonal Conversion of Zirconia Under Shock Compression

Microstructural Characterization of Shock-Modified Zirconia Powders

Energy Release and Transformation of Shock-Modified Zirconia Upon Annealing to 1550°C

Monte Carlo Simulation of Shock-Induced Lattice Damage

Specific Surface Measurements of Shock Modified Powders

Transmission Electron Microscopical Characterization of Hot Pressed Shocked and Unshocked Aluminum Nitride Powder

Microstructural-Hardness Correlations in Shock-Loaded and Quasi-Statically Deformed 6061 -T6 Aluminum

Martensitic Transformation Induced by Tensile Stress Waves

Dislocaton Generation and Its Relation to the Dynamic Plastic Response of Shock Loaded Metals

1.2 Mbar Shock Loaded 304 Stainless Steel: Residual Structure and Properties

Post Shock Chemical and ESR Analysis of Acrylamide and Selected Anthracene Derivatives

Chapter X. Shock Compression Technology

Industrial Uses of Explosive Pressure from Rock Blasting to Metal Bonding and Synthetic Diamonds

The Effect of Shock Duration on the Dynamic Consolidation of Powders

Mechanical Properties of a Shock Consolidated Steel Powder

Shock Compaction of Molybdenum Powder

Mechanical and Thermal Response of Shock-Consolidated MAR-M200

Shock Compression of Aluminum Nitride Powder

Effects of Dynamic vs. Static Compaction on the Sinterability of Alumina Powders

Influence of Dynamic Pressure on Sinterability of Shock-Conditioned TiC Powders

Behavior of Si3N4 Powder Subjected to Explosive Shock Loading

Explosive Welding of Tin, Uranium and Thorium Copper

Chapter XI. Geological and Geophysical Materials

Shock Isotropization of Minerals

Morphology and Chemistry of Projectile Residue in Small Experimental Impact Craters

Utility of Shock Models for Underground Nuclear Tests

Yield Strength Modeling of Shock Damaged Materials

The Effect of Equilibrium Modeling of Saturated Quartz in Energy Coupling Calculations

Underground Explosive Fracture and Permeability Enhancement

Cratering and Spall Fracture in Gabbro

Numerical Methods Developed for the Simulation of Coupled High-Energy Gas Flows and Stress Wave Propagation in Geologic Media

Calculational Study of Baneberry

1 - and 2-Dimenslonal Calculations of the Effect of High Pressure EOS Models on the Energy Partitioning in Cratering Events

Simulation of Particle Velocity Records from Small Scale Explosive Tests

Laboratory Experiments on Explosions in Geologic Materials

Particle Velocity Experiments in Anorthosite and Gabbro

Chapter XII. Energetic Materials

Short-Duration Shock Initiation of Triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB)

Improvements in Thin-Pulse Shock Initiation Threshold Measurements

Unreacted Hugoniot and Shock Ignition Studies of Composition B-3 and PBXW-109(I)

Comparative Study of Molecular Fragmentation in Sub-Initiated TATB Caused by Impact, UV, Heat and Electron Beams

Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Study of Shock-Induced Reactions of Some Small Molecules in the Solid State

High Current Electrical Resistance of PBX-9404 and Dielectric Breakdown Measurements of Naval High Explosives

Critical Area for the Initiation of High Explosive Charges

Velocity of Spherically-Diverging Detonation Waves in RX-26-AF, LX-17 and LX-10

Theoretical Investigation of the Wave Shaping in a Shaped Charge

Compaction of Porous Beds

Grain Burning Experiments with HMX Explosive

A New Method to Simulate Shocks, Detonations and Transitions from Shock to Detonation

Chapter XIII. Energetic Materials Modeling

Initiation and Growth-to-Detonation in Reactive Mixtures

Application of Mixture Theory to Shock Initiation of Porous HNS Explosive

Modeling Particle Size and Initial Temperature Effects on Shock Initiation of TATB-Based Explosives

The Effects of Grain Size on the Shock Sensitivity of Porous Granular Explosives

Burning Topology in the Shock-Induced Reaction of Heterogeneous Explosives

Reactive Flow Lagrange Analysis in RX-26-AF

Shock Initiation, Detonation Wave Propagation and Metal Acceleration Measurements and Calculations for RX-26-AF

Multiple-Wave Effects on Explosives Decomposition Rates

Detonation Product EOS: The Region Above Chapman Jouguet Pressure

A Theoretical Calculation of the 0 Κ Isotherm for Shocked Nitromethane

Shock Induced Molecular Excitation in Solids

Model Simulation of Chemical Reaction in a Diatomic Crystal, Part I: Energy Exchange in Rapid Exothermic Dissociation

Model Simulation of Chemical Reaction in a Diatomic Crystal, Part II: Kinetics of Equilibrium Chemistry

Subject Index

Author Index

Details

No. of pages:
672
Language:
English
Copyright:
© North Holland 1984
Published:
Imprint:
North Holland
eBook ISBN:
9780444600172

About the Editor

J.R. Asay

R.A. Graham

G.K. Struab