Shock Waves in Condensed Matter - 1983

Shock Waves in Condensed Matter - 1983

1st Edition - January 1, 1984

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  • Editors: J.R. Asay, R.A. Graham, G.K. Struab
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444600172

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Description

Shock Waves in Condensed Matter – 1983 covers the proceedings of the American Physical Society Topical Conference, held in Santa Fe, New Mexico on July 18-21, 1983. The book focuses on the response of matter to dynamic high pressure and temperature. The selection first elaborates on the review of theoretical calculations of phase transitions and comparisons with experimental results; theoretical and experimental studies of shock-compressed benzene and polybutene; and theory of the iron equation of state and melting curve to very high pressures. The text then ponders on nonhydrostatic effects in stress-wave induced phase transformation of calcite; Bauschinger effect model suitable for use in large computer codes; and strain rate sensitivity prediction for porous bed compaction. The manuscript takes a look at flaw nucleation and energetics of dynamic fragmentation, shock loading behavior of fused quartz, and aluminum damage simulation in high-velocity impact. Shock wave diagnostics by time-resolved infrared radiometry and non-linear Raman spectroscopy; Raman scattering temperature measurement behind a shock wave; and experiments and simulation on laser-driven shock wave evolution in aluminum targets are also discussed. The selection is a dependable reference for scientists and readers interested in the response of matter when exposed to dynamic high pressure and temperature.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Foreword

    Historical Photographs

    Chapter I. Keynote

    Thunder in the Mountains

    Chapter II. Equation of State

    A Review of Some Recent Theoretical Calculations of Phase Transitions and Comparisons with Experimental Results

    Dense Molecular Thermodynamics

    Shocked Fluids at High Densities and Temperatures

    Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Shock-Compressed Benzene and Polybutene

    Prediction of Pressure Induced Structural Phase Transitions and Internal Mode Frequency Changes in Sol id N2+

    Measured Hugoniot States of a Two-Element Fluid, 02 + N2, near 2 Mg / m3

    Equations of State for the Alkali Metals, with Generalizations to NaCl

    Static P-T-V Measurements on MgO: Comparison with Shock Wave Data

    A Theoretical Equation of State for Uranium

    Theory of the Iron Equation of State and Melting Curve to Very High Pressures

    Compressive Waves and Shock Waves in Anharmonic Solids

    Reflected Shocks in SiO2

    Precise Ultrahigh-Pressure Experiments

    Shock Impedance Match Experiments. In Aluminum and Molybdenum Between 0.1 - 2.5 TPa (1-25 Mbar)

    Shock Hugoniot Measurements on Ta to 0.78 TPa

    Hugoniot Measurements in Vanadium Using the LLNL Two-Stage Light-Gas Gun

    Rarefaction Velocities in Shocked Tantalum and the High Pressure Melting Point

    The Velocity of Sound Behind Strong Shock Waves in 2024 Al

    Hugoniot Measurements on Unsintered Metal Powders

    Chapter III. Constitutive Modeling

    Pressure-Shear Impact and the Dynamic Plastic Response of Metals

    Nonhydrostatic Effects in Stress-Wave Induced Phase Transformation of Calcite

    Lagrangian Analysis with an Emphasis on Unloading Processes

    Carbon Piezoresistive Stress Gauge

    Shock, Re-Shock, and Release Behavior of a Phenolic Resin FF-17

    Dynamic Flow Curve of 4340 Steel as Determined by the Symmetric Rod Impact Test

    A Bauschinger Effect Model Suitable for Use in Large Computer Codes

    More on the Precursor Decay Anomaly

    Shock Induced Temperature Rise in a Titanium Plate

    Dynamic Instability in Adiabatic Thermoplastic Shear

    A Strain Rate Sensitivity Prediction for Porous Bed Compaction

    Chapter IV. Strength and Fracture

    Mechanisms of Fragmentation in Brittle Materials

    Flaw Nucleation and Energetics of Dynamic Fragmentation

    Dynamic Tensile Fracture of OFHC Copper

    Dynamic Strength Calculations of W-Alloys Based on Grain Deformation

    Aluminum Damage Simulation in High-Velocity Impact

    Shock Loading Behaviour of Fused Quartz

    Chapter V. Numerical Modeling and Simulation

    Numerical Modeling of Dynamic Material Response

    Intermediate Velocity Penetration of Steel Spheres into Deep Aluminum Targets

    Numerical Simulation of Water Jet Penetration

    Plane Hypervelocity Impact and Source Similitude Dependence on a Tillotson E.O.S.

    Three-Dimensional Computer Modeling of a Shock Recovery Experiment

    2-D Simulations of Shock Recovery Fixtures

    Mach Disc Formation in Cylindrical Recovery Systems

    Fixtures for Controlled Explosive Loading and Preservation of Powder Samples

    Chapter VI. Experimental Technique

    High-Pressure Quasi-Isentropic Impact Experiments

    Piezoelectric and Electric Properties of PVF2 Polymers Under Shock Wave Action: Application to Shock Transducers

    Dynamic Stress Transducer Qualification

    A Study of Electromagnetic Stress Gage

    Response of Ytterbium Foils Oriented Parallel and Perpendicular to the Shock Front

    Two Methods for Measuring Shock Relations with Improved EMV Gauge

    Particle Velocity Measurements in Laser Irradiated Foils using ORVIS

    Measurement of the Radial Displacement in 2-D Flow by Embedded Constantan Wires

    Direct Measurement of Temperature in Shock-Loaded Polymethylmethacrylate with Very Thin Copper Thermistors

    Dynamic Heterogeneous Response of Aluminum and Copper to Stress Waves

    Results on Richtmyer - Meshkov Instabilities in Condensed Fluids

    Status of Electromagnetic Mass-Accelerator Development and Prospect of Application to High Pressure Research

    Further Investigation of Stresses and Strains in Targets Impacted by Penetrators

    Experimental Determination of Applied Forces During Penetration

    Explosive Phase Transitions in Superheated Freon

    Influence of Melting on Shocked Free Surface Behavior Using Doppler Laser Interferometry and X-Ray Densitometry

    Chapter VII. Optical Properties

    Shock Wave Diagnostics by Time-Resolved Infrared Radiometry and Nonlinear Raman Spectroscopy

    Raman Spectroscopies in Shock-Compressed Materials

    Shock-Induced Luminescence from X-Cut Quartz and Z-Cut Lithium Niobate

    Raman Spectroscopy of Shocked Water

    Raman Scattering Temperature Measurement Behind a Shock Wave

    Emission Spectra of Shock Compressed Solids

    Refractive Index and Equation of State of a Shock-Compressed Aqueous Solution of Zinc Chloride

    Chapter VIII. Laser-Driven Shocks

    Creation of Ultra High Pressure Shocks by the Collision of Laser Accelerated Disks: Experiment and Theory

    Experiments and Simulation on Laser-Driven Shock Wave Evolution in Aluminum Targets

    The Use of Strong Shock Waves for Isentropic Compression of Inertial Confinement Fusion Targets

    Inertial Effects in Laser-Driven Ablation

    Measuring Pressure from Short Laser Pulses

    Picosecond Laser Induced Shock-Wave-Pressure Measurements in Al, C-Si and GaAs

    Reflective Probing of Laser Generated kbar Shocks in Water

    Numerical Studies of Laser-Induced Shock Structure in Condensed Materials

    Chapter IX. Shock-Induced Modification and Defects

    X-Ray Diffraction Line Broadening Studies on Shock-Loaded Ti02 and Al2O3

    Temperature and Deformation Microstructure in the Shock Transition

    Some Thermodynamical Influences of Defects in Shock-Loaded Solids

    Shock Compaction of TiN/TiC Solid Solution Powders

    Prediction of Microstructural Modification in Dynamically Consolidated Metal Powders

    Monoclinic to Tetragonal Conversion of Zirconia Under Shock Compression

    Microstructural Characterization of Shock-Modified Zirconia Powders

    Energy Release and Transformation of Shock-Modified Zirconia Upon Annealing to 1550°C

    Monte Carlo Simulation of Shock-Induced Lattice Damage

    Specific Surface Measurements of Shock Modified Powders

    Transmission Electron Microscopical Characterization of Hot Pressed Shocked and Unshocked Aluminum Nitride Powder

    Microstructural-Hardness Correlations in Shock-Loaded and Quasi-Statically Deformed 6061 -T6 Aluminum

    Martensitic Transformation Induced by Tensile Stress Waves

    Dislocaton Generation and Its Relation to the Dynamic Plastic Response of Shock Loaded Metals

    1.2 Mbar Shock Loaded 304 Stainless Steel: Residual Structure and Properties

    Post Shock Chemical and ESR Analysis of Acrylamide and Selected Anthracene Derivatives

    Chapter X. Shock Compression Technology

    Industrial Uses of Explosive Pressure from Rock Blasting to Metal Bonding and Synthetic Diamonds

    The Effect of Shock Duration on the Dynamic Consolidation of Powders

    Mechanical Properties of a Shock Consolidated Steel Powder

    Shock Compaction of Molybdenum Powder

    Mechanical and Thermal Response of Shock-Consolidated MAR-M200

    Shock Compression of Aluminum Nitride Powder

    Effects of Dynamic vs. Static Compaction on the Sinterability of Alumina Powders

    Influence of Dynamic Pressure on Sinterability of Shock-Conditioned TiC Powders

    Behavior of Si3N4 Powder Subjected to Explosive Shock Loading

    Explosive Welding of Tin, Uranium and Thorium Copper

    Chapter XI. Geological and Geophysical Materials

    Shock Isotropization of Minerals

    Morphology and Chemistry of Projectile Residue in Small Experimental Impact Craters

    Utility of Shock Models for Underground Nuclear Tests

    Yield Strength Modeling of Shock Damaged Materials

    The Effect of Equilibrium Modeling of Saturated Quartz in Energy Coupling Calculations

    Underground Explosive Fracture and Permeability Enhancement

    Cratering and Spall Fracture in Gabbro

    Numerical Methods Developed for the Simulation of Coupled High-Energy Gas Flows and Stress Wave Propagation in Geologic Media

    Calculational Study of Baneberry

    1 - and 2-Dimenslonal Calculations of the Effect of High Pressure EOS Models on the Energy Partitioning in Cratering Events

    Simulation of Particle Velocity Records from Small Scale Explosive Tests

    Laboratory Experiments on Explosions in Geologic Materials

    Particle Velocity Experiments in Anorthosite and Gabbro

    Chapter XII. Energetic Materials

    Short-Duration Shock Initiation of Triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB)

    Improvements in Thin-Pulse Shock Initiation Threshold Measurements

    Unreacted Hugoniot and Shock Ignition Studies of Composition B-3 and PBXW-109(I)

    Comparative Study of Molecular Fragmentation in Sub-Initiated TATB Caused by Impact, UV, Heat and Electron Beams

    Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Study of Shock-Induced Reactions of Some Small Molecules in the Solid State

    High Current Electrical Resistance of PBX-9404 and Dielectric Breakdown Measurements of Naval High Explosives

    Critical Area for the Initiation of High Explosive Charges

    Velocity of Spherically-Diverging Detonation Waves in RX-26-AF, LX-17 and LX-10

    Theoretical Investigation of the Wave Shaping in a Shaped Charge

    Compaction of Porous Beds

    Grain Burning Experiments with HMX Explosive

    A New Method to Simulate Shocks, Detonations and Transitions from Shock to Detonation

    Chapter XIII. Energetic Materials Modeling

    Initiation and Growth-to-Detonation in Reactive Mixtures

    Application of Mixture Theory to Shock Initiation of Porous HNS Explosive

    Modeling Particle Size and Initial Temperature Effects on Shock Initiation of TATB-Based Explosives

    The Effects of Grain Size on the Shock Sensitivity of Porous Granular Explosives

    Burning Topology in the Shock-Induced Reaction of Heterogeneous Explosives

    Reactive Flow Lagrange Analysis in RX-26-AF

    Shock Initiation, Detonation Wave Propagation and Metal Acceleration Measurements and Calculations for RX-26-AF

    Multiple-Wave Effects on Explosives Decomposition Rates

    Detonation Product EOS: The Region Above Chapman Jouguet Pressure

    A Theoretical Calculation of the 0 Κ Isotherm for Shocked Nitromethane

    Shock Induced Molecular Excitation in Solids

    Model Simulation of Chemical Reaction in a Diatomic Crystal, Part I: Energy Exchange in Rapid Exothermic Dissociation

    Model Simulation of Chemical Reaction in a Diatomic Crystal, Part II: Kinetics of Equilibrium Chemistry

    Subject Index

    Author Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 672
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © North Holland 1984
  • Published: January 1, 1984
  • Imprint: North Holland
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444600172

About the Editors

J.R. Asay

R.A. Graham

G.K. Struab

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