Ship Construction

Ship Construction

7th Edition - May 22, 2012

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  • Authors: George Bruce, D J Eyres
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780080972398
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080972404

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Ship Construction, Seventh Edition, offers guidance for ship design and shipbuilding from start to finish. It provides an overview of current shipyard techniques, safety in shipyard practice, materials and strengths, welding and cutting, and ship structure, along with computer-aided design and manufacture, international regulations for ship types, new materials, and fabrication technologies. Comprised of seven sections divided into 32 chapters, the book introduces the reader to shipbuilding, including the basic design of a ship, ship dimensions and category, and development of ship types. It then turns to a discussion of rules and regulations governing ship strength and structural integrity, testing of materials used in ship construction, and welding practices and weld testing. Developments in the layout of a shipyard are also considered, along with development of the initial structural and arrangement design into information usable by production; the processes involved in the preparation and machining of a plate or section; and how a ship structure is assembled. A number of websites containing further information, drawings, and photographs, as well as regulations that apply to ships and their construction, are listed at the end of most chapters. This text is an invaluable resource for students of marine sciences and technology, practicing marine engineers and naval architects, and professionals from other disciplines ranging from law to insurance, accounting, and logistics.

Key Features

  • Covers the complete ship construction process including the development of ship types, materials and strengths, welding and cutting and ship structure, with numerous clear line diagrams included for ease of understanding
  • Includes the latest developments in technology and shipyard methods, including a new chapter on computer-aided design and manufacture
  • Essential for students and professionals, particularly those working in shipyards, supervising ship construction, conversion and maintenance


Practising marine engineers and naval architects involved with basic ship design, structure and stability, particularly those working in shipyards, supervising ship construction, conversion, and maintenance; Marine engineering students

Table of Contents

  • Preface


    Part 1 Introduction to Shipbuilding

    1. Basic design of the ship

    Preparation of the design

    Information provided by design

    Purchase of a new vessel

    Ship contracts

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    2. Ship dimensions, form, size, or category

    Oil tankers

    Bulk carriers

    Container ships

    IMO oil tanker categories

    Panama canal limits

    Suez canal limits

    Some useful websites

    3. Development of ship types

    Dry cargo ships

    Bulk carriers

    Car carriers

    Oil tankers

    Passenger ships

    Further reading

    Part 2 Materials and Strength of Ships

    4. Classification societies

    Rules and regulations

    Lloyd’s register

    Classification of ships operating in ice

    Structural design programs

    Periodical surveys

    Hull planned maintenance scheme

    Damage repairs

    Further reading

    5. Steels

    Manufacture of steels

    Heat treatment of steels

    Steel sections

    Shipbuilding steels

    High tensile steels

    Corrosion-resistant steels

    Steel sandwich panels

    Steel castings

    Steel forgings

    Further reading

    6. Other shipbuilding materials

    Aluminum alloy

    Production of aluminum

    Aluminum alloy sandwich panels

    Fire protection

    Fiber-reinforced composites (FRCs)

    Some useful websites

    7. Testing of materials

    Classification society tests for hull materials

    8. Stresses to which a ship is subject

    Vertical shear and longitudinal bending in still water

    Bending moments in a seaway

    Longitudinal shear forces

    Bending stresses

    Transverse stresses

    Local stresses

    Brittle fracture

    Fatigue failures


    Monitoring ship stresses at sea

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    Part 3 Welding and Cutting

    9. Welding and cutting processes used in shipbuilding

    Gas welding

    Electric arc welding

    Other welding processes

    Cutting processes

    Further reading

    10. Welding practice and testing welds

    Welding practice

    Welding automation

    Welding distortion

    Welding sequences

    Testing welds

    Nondestructive testing

    Classification society weld tests

    Further reading

    Part 4 Shipyard Practice

    11. Shipyard layout

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    12. Design information for production

    Ship drawing office

    Loftwork following drawing office

    Computer-aided design (CAD)/computer-aided manufacturing (CAM)

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    13. Plate and section preparation and machining

    Plate and section preparation

    Plate and section part preparation

    Frame bending

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    14. Assembly of ship structure



    Unit assembly

    Block assembly

    Outfit modules

    Unit erection

    Joining ship sections afloat

    Further reading

    15. Launching

    End launches

    Side launches

    Building docks

    Ship lifts

    Floating docks

    Marine railways

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    Part 5 Ship Structure



    Basic structural arrangements


    16. Bottom structure


    Single-bottom structure

    Double-bottom structure

    Machinery seats

    17. Shell plating and framing

    Shell plating


    Tank side brackets

    Local strengthening of shell plating

    Bilge keel

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    18. Bulkheads and pillars


    Watertight doors

    Deep tanks

    Topside tanks

    Shaft tunnel


    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    19. Decks, hatches, and superstructures




    Superstructures and deckhouses

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    20. Fore end structure


    Bulbous bows

    Chain locker

    Hawse pipes

    Bow steering arrangements

    Bow thrust units

    Some useful websites

    21. Aft end structure

    Stern construction

    Stern frame


    Steering gear


    Shaft bossing and ‘A’ brackets


    Electric podded propulsors

    Further reading

    22. Tanker construction

    Oil tankers

    Materials for tanker construction

    Construction in tank spaces



    Testing tanks

    Fore end structure

    After end structure


    Floating production, storage, and offloading vessels

    Chemical tankers

    Further reading

    23. Liquefied gas carriers

    Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG)

    The IMO international gas carrier code

    Liquefied petroleum gas ships

    Liquefied natural gas ships

    General arrangement of gas carriers

    Lloyd’s classification

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    Part 6 Outfit

    24. Cargo lifting arrangements

    Shipboard cranes

    Masts and Sampson posts

    Derrick rigs

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    25. Cargo access, handling, and restraint

    Stern and bow doors


    Side doors and loaders

    Portable decks

    Scissors lift

    Cargo restraint

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    26. Pumping and piping arrangements

    Bilge and ballast pumping and piping

    General service pipes and pumping

    Air and sounding pipes

    Sea inlets

    Cargo pumping and piping arrangements in tankers

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    27. Corrosion control and antifouling systems

    Nature and forms of corrosion

    Corrosion control

    Antifouling systems

    Painting ships

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    28. Heating, ventilation, air-conditioning, refrigeration, and insulation




    Refrigerated container ships

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    Part 7 International Regulations

    29. International Maritime Organization

    Organization of the IMO

    Work of the IMO

    Relationship with national authorities

    Relationship with classification societies

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    30. Tonnage

    International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships 1969



    Compensated gross tonnage (CGT)

    Further reading

    31. Load Line Rules

    Freeboard computation

    Conditions of assignment of freeboard

    Further reading

    32. Structural fire protection


    ‘A’, ‘B’, and ‘C’ class divisions

    Openings in fire protection divisions

    Protection of special category spaces

    Fire protection arrangements in high-speed craft

    Further reading

    Some useful websites

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2012
  • Published: May 22, 2012
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780080972398
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080972404

About the Authors

George Bruce

Professor George Bruce, has 30 years’ industrial experience in shipbuilding, including more recent roles in facilities development, research and innovation. He has acted as a consultant to shipbuilders and marine companies across the world and contributed to committees, steering groups and associations across the industry. He currently teaches and conducts research at the Newcastle University School of Marine Science and Technology, Newcastle, UK.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Researcher, Newcastle University, UK

D J Eyres

Former lecturer in Naval Architecture at Plymouth University, UK, and former Manager of Policy and Standards Development with the Maritime Safety Authority of New Zealand.

Affiliations and Expertise

Former lecturer in Naval Architecture at Plymouth University, UK

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