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Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128157671, 9780128157688

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton

1st Edition

History, Methods, and Emerging Techniques

Editor: Alexandra Klales
eBook ISBN: 9780128157688
Paperback ISBN: 9780128157671
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 30th May 2020
Page Count: 424
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Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a comprehensive work on the theory, methods, and current issues for sexing human skeletal remains. This work provides practitioners a starting point for research and practice on sex estimation to assist with the identification and analysis of human remains. It contains a collection of the latest scientific research, using metric and morphological methods, and contains case studies, where relevant, to highlight methodological application to real cases. This volume presents a truly comprehensive representation of the current state of sex estimation while also detailing the history and how we got to this point.

Divided into three main sections, this reference text first provides an introduction to the book and to sex estimation overall, including a history, practitioner preferences, and a deeper understanding of biological sex. The second section addresses the main methodological areas used to estimate sex, including metric and morphological methods, statistical applications, and software. Each chapter topic provides a review of older techniques and emphasizes the latest research and methodological improvements. Chapters are written by practicing physical anthropologists and also include their latest research on the topics, as well as relevant case studies. The third section addresses current considerations and future directions for sex estimation in forensic and bioarchaeological contexts, including DNA, secular change, and medical imaging Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a one-of-a-kind resource for those involved in estimating the sex of human skeletal remains.

Key Features

  • Provides the first comprehensive text reference on sex estimation, with historical perspectives and current best practices
  • Contains real case studies to underscore key estimation concepts
  • Demonstrates the changing role of technology in sex estimation


Forensic Anthropologists, as well as Students and Academicians in Forensic Anthropology, Human Osteology, and Skeletal Biology. Physical Anthropologists, Bioarchaeologists, Skeletal Biologists, Pathologists, Death Investigators, and other Forensic Scientists

Table of Contents

Part 1 Introduction to sex estimation
1. A history of sex estimation of human skeletal remains
2. Practitioner preferences for sex estimation from human skeletal remains
3. Applications of sex estimation in paleoanthropology, bioarchaeology, and forensic anthropology
4. The confusion between biological sex and gender and potential implications of misinterpretations
5. Effect of sex misclassification on the skeletal biological profile

Part 2 Methods for sex estimation
Section A Morphological

6. Pelvis morphology
7. Adult sex estimation from cranial morphoscopic traits
8. Analyses of the postcranial skeleton for sex estimation
9. Parturition markers and skeletal sex estimation
Section B Metric
10. Dentition in the estimation of sex
11. Metric methods for estimating sex utilizing the pelvis
12. Sexual dimorphism variation in Fordisc samples
Section C Statistics & databases
13. Statistical and machine learning approaches to sex estimation
14. Subadult sex estimation
15. DSP: A probabilistic approach to sex estimation free from population specificity using os coxae measurements
16. MorphoPASSE: Morphological pelvis and skull sex estimation program

Part 3 Current considerations/topics
17. Factors of population variation in sex estimation methodology
18. Secular change
19. The effects of skeletal asymmetry on accurate sex classification
20. Cognitive bias in sex estimation: The influence of context on forensic decision-making
21. Sex determination using DNA and its impact on biological anthropology
22. The application of medical imaging to the anthropological estimation of sex


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2020
30th May 2020
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
Paperback ISBN:

About the Editor

Alexandra Klales

Alexandra Klales

Dr. Alexandra R. Klales is Director of the Forensic Anthropology Program and an Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology & Anthropology at Washburn University. She currently conducts forensic anthropological casework in Kansas and is working towards board certification. She is currently an Associate Member of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Anthropology section). Her research includes improving biological profile methods, fatal fire recoveries, 3D imaging, and statistical methods in forensic anthropology. She is currently PI (sex estimation database) and Co-PI (sub-adult sex and age estimation) on two National Institute of Justice Grants examining sex estimation and the biological profile. She teaches courses on forensic science, forensic anthropology, and human skeletal biology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, Forensic Anthropology Program, Washburn University, Topeka, Kansas, USA

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