Separation Methods in Drug Synthesis and Purification

Separation Methods in Drug Synthesis and Purification

2nd Edition - June 18, 2020

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  • Editor: Klara Valko
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444640710
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780444640703

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Separation Methods in Drug Synthesis and Purification, Second Edition, Volume Eight, provides an updated on the analytical techniques used in drug synthesis and purification. Unlike other books on either separation science or drug synthesis, this volume combines the two to explain the basic principles and comparisons of each separation technique. New sections to this volume include enantiomer separation using capillary electrophoresis (CE) and capillary electro- chromatography, the computer simulation of chromatographic separation for accelerating method development, the application of chromatography and capillary electrophoresis used as surrogates for biological processes, and new developments in the established techniques of chromatography and preparative methods.

Key Features

  • Features descriptions and applications of all separation methods used in the pharmaceutical industry
  • Written by the leading scientists in their respective fields, providing solutions for a wide range of industrial separation problems encountered within the pharmaceutical industry
  • Thoroughly updated with brand new separation science techniques and the latest developments in the established techniques of chromatography


A wide range of professionals from all areas of the chemical and pharmaceutical industries: skilled practitioners in the field of separation science; professionals working in the pharmaceutical industry; academic researchers at the postgraduate level and above

Table of Contents

  • Preface
    Klara Valko

    1. Comparison of various modes and phase systems for analytical HPLC

    Pavel Jandera

    1.1 Fundamentals of high-performance liquid chromatography

    1.2 High-performance liquid chromatography separation medi

    1.3 Separation modes in high-performance liquid chromatography

    1.4 Method development and optimization of separation conditions

    2. Fast-generic HPLC methods

    Ian M. Mutton

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Theory

    2.3 Strategy for production of fast gradients

    2.4 Fast gradients in practice

    2.5 Conclusions

    3. Advances in capillary electrochromatography

    José Luís Dores-Sousa, Jelle De Vos, Debby Mangelings and Sebastiaan Eeltink

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 The electroosmotic flow

    3.3 Separation efficiency and kinetic performance limits

    3.4 Retention

    3.5 Instrument setup

    3.6 Column technology

    3.7 (Bio)pharmaceutical and biochemical applications

    3.8 Concluding remarks

    List of abbreviations and symbols

    4. Coupled chromatographyemass spectrometry techniques for the analysis of combinatorial libraries

    Steve Lane

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 LC/MS analysis of high-throughput parallel synthesis libraries

    4.3 Example for monitoring the rehearsal phase of the synthesis of  a solid-phase library

    4.4 LC/UV/MS as a prescreen for Autoprep solution phase

    4.5 Assisted automated LC/MS analysis

    4.6 The analysis of split-pool combinatorial libraries

    4.7 Industrialization of the process

    4.8 Conclusions and future

    5. Experimental design-based optimization strategies for chromatographic and capillary electrophoretic separations

    J. Viaene and Y. Vander Heyden

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Main factors affecting separation

    5.3 Responses and response functions

    5.4 Univariate optimization strategies

    5.5 Simplex sequential approach

    5.6 Factorial methods

    5.7 Multicriteria decision-making methods

    5.8 Peculiarities of optimizing separations: optimizing resolution

    5.9 Automating the entire process: expert systems and knowledge-based systems

    5.10 Transfer of optimized capillary electrophoresis methods

    5.11 Conclusions


    6. Computer-aided HPLC method development for quality control of complex drug mixtures--An application example for DryLab

    Halina Katsialevich, Hans-Jürgen Rieger, Imre Molnár and Arnold Zöldhegyi

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Experimental part

    6.3 Method development using the DryLab4 software

    6.4 Summary

    7. The flexible application of automated preparative purification platforms within drug discovery

    Jennifer Kingston, Neil Sumner, Katie Proctor and Elisabetta Chiarparin

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography as a robust chromatographic tool

    7.3 HPLC purification within drug discovery

    7.4 Evolution of supercritical fluid chromatography as a robust purification platform

    7.5 Multi-parallel synthesis purification processes at AstraZeneca

    7.6 Flexible use of HPLC and SFC as orthogonal separation techniques

    8. Strategies for the development of process chromatography as a unit operation for the pharmaceutical industry

    Drew Katti

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 The process development cycle

    8.3 Chromatographic unit operations

    8.4 Discovery experiment stage

    8.5 Development stage

    8.6 Modes of chromatography

    8.7 Overloaded elution chromatography-isocratic mode

    8.8 Economics of overloaded elution chromatography

    8.9 Simulated moving bed chromatography

    8.10 Chromatography techniques make a comes back

    8.11 Safety and environmental

    8.12 Regulatory and compliance

    8.13 Conclusion

    9. Recent developments in liquid and supercritical fluid chromatographic enantioseparations

    Debby Mangelings, Sebastiaan Eeltink and Yvan Vander Heyden

    9.1 Stereochemistry in a pharmaceutical environment

    9.2 Enantioseparations of racemates in liquid chromatography and sub/supercritical fluid chromatography

    9.3 Scope and aims

    9.4 Direct enantioseparations with chiral mobile phase additives

    9.5 Direct enantioseparations: chiral stationary phases

    9.6 Conclusions

    10. Basis and pharmaceutical applications of thin-layer chromatography

    Huba Kalász, Mária Báthori and Klára Valko

    10.1 Planar chromatography

    10.2 The components of the planar stationary phase

    10.3 Mobile phases for thin-layer chromatography

    10.4 The chambers

    10.5 Detection

    10.6 Application of thin-layer chromatography in pharmaceutical and forensic analysis

    10.7 Future developments, Quo Vadis thin-layer chromatography

    11. Recent advances in quantitative structureeretention relationships

    Roman Kaliszan

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Strategy of quantitative structureeretention relationship research

    11.3 Retention prediction

    11.4 Molecular mechanism of retention in view of quantitative structureeretention relationship

    11.5 Chromatographic methods of determination of hydrophobicity

    11.6 Applications of quantitative structureeretention relationship in molecular pharmacology and rational drug design

    11.7 Concluding remarks

    12. Capillary electrophoresis for drug analysis and physicochemical characterization

    Susana Amézqueta, Xavier Subirats, Elisabet Fuguet, Clara Ràfols and Martí Rosés

    12.1 Introduction to capillary electrophoresis

    12.2 Buffers in capillary electrophoresis

    12.3 Capillary zone electrophoresis

    12.4 Nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis

    12.5 Introduction to micellar electrokinetic chromatography

    12.6 Introduction to microemulsion and liposome electrokinetic chromatography

    13. Application of HPLC measurements for the determination of physicochemical and biomimetic properties to model in vivo drug distribution in support of early drug discovery

    Klára L. Valkó

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Measurements of compound lipophilicity using chromatography

    13.3 Measurement of membrane binding by immobilized artificial membrane high-performance liquid chromatography

    13.4 Measurement of drug-protein binding constants by high-performance liquid chromatography

    13.5 Measurements of solubility by high-performance liquid chromatography

    13.6 Measurement of acid-base character by high-performance liquid chromatography

    13.7 Measurements of H-bond acidity, basicity and polarizability/dipolarity by high-performance liquid chromatography

    13.8 Application of chromatographic properties in drug discovery

    13.9 Conclusion

Product details

  • No. of pages: 788
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2020
  • Published: June 18, 2020
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444640710
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780444640703

About the Editor

Klara Valko

Dr. Klára Valkó is an enthusiastic principal scientist and consultant supporting early drug discovery and lead optimization with over 22 years of experience. She has been an Honorary Professor at UCL School of Pharmacy since 2004, leading the Physchem/ADME module (London, UK) for Drug Discovery MSc. Her many contributions to the field include the development of biomimetic HPLC methods for high throughput measurements of serum albumin, glycoprotein and phospholipid binding, the invention of the Chromatographic Hydrophobicity Index for fast determination of compounds’ lipophilicity using generic gradient reversed phase chromatography, and more.

Affiliations and Expertise

UCL School of Pharmacy

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