Preface to the series. Introduction. 1. General properties of carbon materials. 2. Crystal lattice of graphite and synthetic carbons. 3. Mechanical properties of graphite and carbon materials. 4. The energy spectrum of electrons and holes in graphite. 5. Galvanomagnetic effects in graphite and carbon materials. 6. Quantum oscillation effects. 7. Optical and magneto-optical effects. 8. The effects of hydrostatic pressure on the electronic properties and energy spectrum of graphite and pyrocarbon materials. 9. Magnetic susceptibility of graphite and carbon materials. 10. Graphite intercalation compounds (GIC). 11. Lattice vibrations and the phonon spectrum in graphite and graphite-based compounds. 12. Unsolved problems and applications. Author index. Subject index. Cumulative index.