Semiconducting III–V Compounds - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080094991, 9781483180519

Semiconducting III–V Compounds, Volume 1

1st Edition

International Series of Monographs on Semiconductors

Editors: Heinz R. Henisch
Authors: C. Hilsum A. C. Rose-Innes
eBook ISBN: 9781483180519
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1961
Page Count: 254
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Table of Contents


Preface

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 2. Crystal Structure and Binding

2.1 Crystal Structure

2.1a Properties of the Zinc-Blende Structure

2.1b Consequences of Lack of Inversion Symmetry: (111) and (111) Faces

2.1c Piezoelectric Effect

2.2 Binding

2.2a "Ionicity"

2.2b Atomic Arrangement

2.2c Cleavage

2.2d Infra-Red, Lattice Absorption

2.2e Spin-Orbit Splitting

2.2f Width of the Forbidden Band

2.2g Electronegativity and Conclusions on Binding

2.2h Strength of Binding

References

Chapter 3 Band Structure

3.1 Introduction: Significance of the Band Structure

3.2 Band Structure from Theory

3.2a Symmetry

3.2b Spin-Orbit Effects

3.2c One-Dimensional Model

3.2d Herman's Perturbation Method

3.3 Cyclotron Resonance and the Diamagnetic Landau Effect

3.4 Band Structure of Indium Antimonide

3.4a Conduction Band

3.4b Valence Band

3.4c Theory

3.5 Band Structure of Indium Arsenide

3.5a Conduction Band

3.5b Valence Band

3.6 Band Structure of Indium Phosphide

3.6a Conduction Band

3.6b Valence Band

3.7 Band Structure of Gallium Antimonide

3.7a Conduction Band

3.8 Band Structure of Gallium Arsenide

3.8a Theory

3.8b Conduction Band

3.8c Valence Band

3.9 Band Structure of Gallium Phosphide

3.10 Band Structure of Aluminum Antimonide

3.11 Band Structure of Boron Nitride

3.12 Summary of Probable Band Structures of III-V Compounds

References

Chapter 4 Impurities and Defects

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Donors and Acceptors

4.2a Hydrogen-Like Model of Impurities

4.3 Indium Antimonide

4.3a Donor Levels

4.3b Acceptor Levels: Impurity Band

4.4 Indium Arsenide

4.5 Indium Phosphide

4.6 Gallium Antimonide

4.7 Gallium Arsenide

4.8 Gallium Phosphide

4.9 Aluminum Antimonide

4.10 Mixed Crystals

4.11 Diffusion

4.12 Dislocation Cracks

References

Chapter 5 Preparation

5.1 Compound Formation

5.2 Purification of the Elements

5.3 Methods of Preparation

5.4 Apparatus

5.4a Indium Antimonide

5.4b Gallium Antimonide

5.4c Aluminum Antimonide

5.4d Indium Arsenide

5.4e Gallium Arsenide

5.4f Indium Phosphide

5.4g Gallium Phosphide

5.5 Residual Impurities

5.6 Floating-Zone Purification

References

Chapter 6 Electrical Properties

6.1 Scattering Processes

6.1a Lattice Scattering by Acoustic Modes

6.1b Lattice Scattering by Optical Modes

6.1c Impurity Scattering

6.1d Carrier-Carrier Scattering

6.1e Mobility in III-V Compounds

6.2 Carrier Transport Properties

6.2a Consequences of a Large Mobility Ratio

6.2b Indium Antimonide

6.2c Indium Arsenide

6.2d Indium Phosphide

6.2e Gallium Antimonide

6.2f Gallium Arsenide

6.2g Gallium Phosphide

6.2h Aluminum Antimonide

6.2i Boron Phosphide

6.2j Mixed Crystals

6.3 Dependence of the Electrical Properties on Magnetic Field

6.3a Indium Antimonide

6.3b Indium Arsenide

6.3c Gallium Arsenide, Indium Phosphide and Aluminum Antimonide

References

Chapter 7 Optical Properties and Photoelectric Effects

7.1 Optical Properties

7.1a The Absorption Edge

7.1b The Effects of Free Carriers

7.1c Lattice Absorption

7.1d Refractive Index

7.2 Photoelectric Effects

7.2a Recombination Mechanisms

7.2b The Measurement of Carrier Lifetime

7.2c Indium Antimonide

7.2d Indium Arsenide

7.2e Gallium Antimonide

7.2f Gallium Arsenide

7.2g Other Compounds

7.3 Radiation Emission

References

Chapter 8 Applications

8.1 Junction Applications

8.1a Variable Capacitance Diodes

8.1b Microwave Rectifiers

8.1c Switching Diodes

8.1d Tunnel Diodes

8.1e Transistors

8.2 Galvanomagnetic Applications

8.2a The Hall Effect Magnetometer

8.2b The Susceptibility Meter

8.2c The Measurement of Electric Current and Power

8.2d The Hall Effect Multiplier

8.2e The Hall Effect Amplifier

8.2f The Magnetoresistance Oscillator and Amplifier

8.2g The Magnetoresistance Displacement Transducer

8.3 Optical Applications

8.3a Infra-Red Photocells

8.3b Solar Batteries

8.3c Optical Filters

References

Index

Description

Semiconducting III-V Compounds deals with the properties of III-V compounds as a family of semiconducting crystals and relates these compounds to the monatomic semiconductors silicon and germanium. Emphasis is placed on physical processes that are peculiar to III-V compounds, particularly those that combine boron, aluminum, gallium, and indium with phosphorus, arsenic, and antimony (for example, indium antimonide, indium arsenide, gallium antimonide, and gallium arsenide).

Comprised of eight chapters, this book begins with an assessment of the crystal structure and binding of III-V compounds, focusing on the properties of the zinc-blende structure as well as processes ranging from ionicity and infrared lattice absorption to electronegativity. The reader is then introduced to the band structure of III-V compounds and its theoretical aspects, along with cyclotron resonance and the diamagnetic Landau effect. Subsequent chapters discuss impurities and defects; optical and electrical properties; photoelectric effects; and preparation and applications of III-V compounds.

This monograph will be of interest to physicists.


Details

No. of pages:
254
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1961
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483180519

About the Editors

Heinz R. Henisch Editor

About the Authors

C. Hilsum Author

A. C. Rose-Innes Author