Selection and Use of Engineering Materials - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780750615495, 9781483141091

Selection and Use of Engineering Materials

2nd Edition

Authors: J A Charles F A A Crane
eBook ISBN: 9781483141091
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 3rd May 1989
Page Count: 348
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Selection and Use of Engineering Materials, Second Edition covers the substantial development in the selection and application of materials and of associated materials. This book is organized into four parts encompassing 20 chapters that also consider the advances in materials databases and computer programs.

The first part deals with the motivation, cost basis, service requirements, failure analysis, specifications, and quality control of engineering materials. The second part describes the mechanical properties of these materials, including static strength, toughness, stiffness, fatigue, creep, and temperature resistance. The third part examines the selection requirements for surface durability, such as corrosion and wear resistance. This part also explores the relationship between materials selection and materials processing, as well as the formalization of selection procedures. The fourth part provides some case studies in materials selection.

This book will prove useful to materials scientists and practicing engineers.

Table of Contents


The Background to Decision

1 Introduction

2 Motivation for Selection

2.1 A New Product

2.2 Product Development

2.3 Problem Situations

2.4 Constraints to Choice

3 Cost Basis for Selection

3.1 Cost-Effectiveness and Value Analysis

3.2 Analysis of Cost

4 Establishment of Service Requirements and Failure Analysis

4.1 Selection and Design in Relation to Anticipated Service

4.2 The Causes of Failure in Service

4.3 The Mechanisms of Failure

4.4 Corrosion

5 Specifications and Quality Control

5.1 The Role of Standard Specifications

5.2 Inspection and Quality Control

Selection for Mechanical Properties

6 Static Strength

6.1 The Strength of Metals

6.2 The Strength of Thermoplastics

6.3 The Strength of Fibre-Reinforced Composites

6.4 Cement and Concrete

6.5 The Strength of Wood

6.6 Materials Selection Criteria for Static Strength

7 Toughness

7.1 The Meaning of Toughness

7.2 The Assessment of Toughness

7.3 Fracture Mechanics

7.4 General Yielding Fracture Mechanics

7.5 Toughness in Polymers and Adhesives

7.6 Materials Selection for Toughness

8 Stiffness

8.1 The Importance of Stiffness

8.2 The Stiffness of Materials

8.3 The Stiffness of Sections

8.4 Materials Selection Criteria for Stiffness

8.5 Comparison of Materials Selection Criteria

9 Fatigue

9.1 Micromechanisms of Fatigue in Metals

9.2 The Assessment of Fatigue Resistance

9.3 Factors Influencing Fatigue of Metals

9.4 Fatigue of Non-Metallic Materials

9.5 Materials Selection for Fatigue Resistance

10 Creep and Temperature Resistance

10.1 The Evaluation of Creep

10.2 The Nature of Creep

10.3 The Development of Creep-Resisting Alloys

10.4 The Service Temperatures of Engineering Materials

10.5 The Selection of Materials for Creep Resistance

10.6 Deformation Mechanism Diagrams

Selection for Surface Durability

11 Selection for Corrosion Resistance

11.1 The Nature of the Corrosion Process

11.2 The Selection of Materials for Resistance to Atmospheric Corrosion

11.3 The Selection of Materials for Resistance to Oxidation at Elevated Temperatures

11.4 The Selection of Materials for Resistance to Corrosion in the Soil

11.5 The Selection of Materials for Resistance to Corrosion in Water

11.6 The Selection of Materials for Chemical Plant

11.7 The Degradation of Polymeric Materials

12 Selection of Materials for Resistance to Wear

12.1 The Mechanisms of Wear

12.2 The Effect of Environment on Wear

12.3 Surface Treatment to Reduce Wear

12.4 Erosive Wear

12.5 Selection of Materials for Resistance to Erosive Wear

13 The Relationship Between Materials Selection and Materials Processing

13.1 The Purpose of Material Processing

13.2 The Background to Process Selection

13.3 The Casting of Metals and Alloys

13.4 Wrought Products

13.5 The Processing of Polymers

13.6 Fabrication from Powder

13.7 Fastening and Joining

14 The Formalization of Selection Procedures

Case Studies in Materials Selection

15 Materials for Airframes

15.1 Principal Characteristics of Aircraft Structures

15.2 Property Requirements of Aircraft Structures

15.3 Requirements for High-Speed Flight

15.4 Candidate Materials for Aircraft Structures

16 Materials for Ship Structures

16.1 The Ship Girder

16.2 Factors Influencing Materials Selection for Ship Hulls

16.3 Materials of Construction

17 Materials for Engines and Power Generation

17.1 Internal Combustion

17.2 External Combustion

18 Materials for Automobile Structures

18.1 The Use of Steel

18.2 The Introduction of Polymer Composites

18.3 Aluminium and its Alloys

18.4 Corrosion Damage to Automobiles

18.5 Surface Treatment of Steel for Car Bodies

18.6 Future Trends in Body Construction and Materials

18.7 Exhaust Systems

19 Materials for Bearings

19.1 Rolling Bearings

19.2 Plain Bearings

20 Investigative Case Studies

20.1 Electric Chain Saw (Black & Decker Ltd.)

20.2 The Sturmey Archer Gear (Derby International Corporation.)

20.3 High-Power Gridded Tube (English Electric Valve Co. Ltd.)



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About the Author

J A Charles

F A A Crane

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