Selection and Use of Engineering Materials

Selection and Use of Engineering Materials

2nd Edition - May 3, 1989

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  • Authors: J A Charles, F A A Crane
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483141091

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Selection and Use of Engineering Materials, Second Edition covers the substantial development in the selection and application of materials and of associated materials. This book is organized into four parts encompassing 20 chapters that also consider the advances in materials databases and computer programs. The first part deals with the motivation, cost basis, service requirements, failure analysis, specifications, and quality control of engineering materials. The second part describes the mechanical properties of these materials, including static strength, toughness, stiffness, fatigue, creep, and temperature resistance. The third part examines the selection requirements for surface durability, such as corrosion and wear resistance. This part also explores the relationship between materials selection and materials processing, as well as the formalization of selection procedures. The fourth part provides some case studies in materials selection. This book will prove useful to materials scientists and practicing engineers.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    The Background to Decision

    1 Introduction

    2 Motivation for Selection

    2.1 A New Product

    2.2 Product Development

    2.3 Problem Situations

    2.4 Constraints to Choice

    3 Cost Basis for Selection

    3.1 Cost-Effectiveness and Value Analysis

    3.2 Analysis of Cost

    4 Establishment of Service Requirements and Failure Analysis

    4.1 Selection and Design in Relation to Anticipated Service

    4.2 The Causes of Failure in Service

    4.3 The Mechanisms of Failure

    4.4 Corrosion

    5 Specifications and Quality Control

    5.1 The Role of Standard Specifications

    5.2 Inspection and Quality Control

    Selection for Mechanical Properties

    6 Static Strength

    6.1 The Strength of Metals

    6.2 The Strength of Thermoplastics

    6.3 The Strength of Fibre-Reinforced Composites

    6.4 Cement and Concrete

    6.5 The Strength of Wood

    6.6 Materials Selection Criteria for Static Strength

    7 Toughness

    7.1 The Meaning of Toughness

    7.2 The Assessment of Toughness

    7.3 Fracture Mechanics

    7.4 General Yielding Fracture Mechanics

    7.5 Toughness in Polymers and Adhesives

    7.6 Materials Selection for Toughness

    8 Stiffness

    8.1 The Importance of Stiffness

    8.2 The Stiffness of Materials

    8.3 The Stiffness of Sections

    8.4 Materials Selection Criteria for Stiffness

    8.5 Comparison of Materials Selection Criteria

    9 Fatigue

    9.1 Micromechanisms of Fatigue in Metals

    9.2 The Assessment of Fatigue Resistance

    9.3 Factors Influencing Fatigue of Metals

    9.4 Fatigue of Non-Metallic Materials

    9.5 Materials Selection for Fatigue Resistance

    10 Creep and Temperature Resistance

    10.1 The Evaluation of Creep

    10.2 The Nature of Creep

    10.3 The Development of Creep-Resisting Alloys

    10.4 The Service Temperatures of Engineering Materials

    10.5 The Selection of Materials for Creep Resistance

    10.6 Deformation Mechanism Diagrams

    Selection for Surface Durability

    11 Selection for Corrosion Resistance

    11.1 The Nature of the Corrosion Process

    11.2 The Selection of Materials for Resistance to Atmospheric Corrosion

    11.3 The Selection of Materials for Resistance to Oxidation at Elevated Temperatures

    11.4 The Selection of Materials for Resistance to Corrosion in the Soil

    11.5 The Selection of Materials for Resistance to Corrosion in Water

    11.6 The Selection of Materials for Chemical Plant

    11.7 The Degradation of Polymeric Materials

    12 Selection of Materials for Resistance to Wear

    12.1 The Mechanisms of Wear

    12.2 The Effect of Environment on Wear

    12.3 Surface Treatment to Reduce Wear

    12.4 Erosive Wear

    12.5 Selection of Materials for Resistance to Erosive Wear

    13 The Relationship Between Materials Selection and Materials Processing

    13.1 The Purpose of Material Processing

    13.2 The Background to Process Selection

    13.3 The Casting of Metals and Alloys

    13.4 Wrought Products

    13.5 The Processing of Polymers

    13.6 Fabrication from Powder

    13.7 Fastening and Joining

    14 The Formalization of Selection Procedures

    Case Studies in Materials Selection

    15 Materials for Airframes

    15.1 Principal Characteristics of Aircraft Structures

    15.2 Property Requirements of Aircraft Structures

    15.3 Requirements for High-Speed Flight

    15.4 Candidate Materials for Aircraft Structures

    16 Materials for Ship Structures

    16.1 The Ship Girder

    16.2 Factors Influencing Materials Selection for Ship Hulls

    16.3 Materials of Construction

    17 Materials for Engines and Power Generation

    17.1 Internal Combustion

    17.2 External Combustion

    18 Materials for Automobile Structures

    18.1 The Use of Steel

    18.2 The Introduction of Polymer Composites

    18.3 Aluminium and its Alloys

    18.4 Corrosion Damage to Automobiles

    18.5 Surface Treatment of Steel for Car Bodies

    18.6 Future Trends in Body Construction and Materials

    18.7 Exhaust Systems

    19 Materials for Bearings

    19.1 Rolling Bearings

    19.2 Plain Bearings

    20 Investigative Case Studies

    20.1 Electric Chain Saw (Black & Decker Ltd.)

    20.2 The Sturmey Archer Gear (Derby International Corporation.)

    20.3 High-Power Gridded Tube (English Electric Valve Co. Ltd.)


Product details

  • No. of pages: 348
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1991
  • Published: May 3, 1989
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483141091

About the Authors

J A Charles

F A A Crane

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