Seismic Stratigraphy, Basin Analysis and Reservoir Characterisation

Seismic Stratigraphy, Basin Analysis and Reservoir Characterisation

1st Edition - November 13, 2006

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  • Author: Paul Veeken
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080466309

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The interest in seismic stratigraphic techniques to interpret reflection datasets is well established. The advent of sophisticated subsurface reservoir studies and 4D monitoring, for optimising the hydrocarbon production in existing fields, does demonstrate the importance of the 3D seismic methodology. The added value of reflection seismics to the petroleum industry has clearly been proven over the last decades. Seismic profiles and 3D cubes form a vast and robust data source to unravel the structure of the subsurface. It gets nowadays exploited in ever greater detail. Larger offsets and velocity anisotropy effects give for instance access to more details on reservoir flow properties like fracture density, porosity and permeability distribution, Elastic inversion and modelling may tell something about the change in petrophysical parameters. Seismic investigations provide a vital tool for the delineation of subtle hydrocarbon traps. They are the basis for understanding the regional basin framework and the stratigraphic subdivision. Seismic stratigraphy combines two very different scales of observation: the seismic and well-control. The systematic approach applied in seismic stratigraphy explains why many workers are using the principles to evaluate their seismic observations. The here presented modern geophysical techniques allow more accurate prediction of the changes in subsurface geology. Dynamics of sedimentary environments are discussed with its relation to global controling factors and a link is made to high-resolution sequence stratigraphy. ‘Seismic Stratigraphy Basin Analysis and Reservoir Characterisation’ summarizes basic seismic interpretation techniques and demonstrates the benefits of intergrated reservoir studies for hydrocarbon exploration. Topics are presented from a practical point of view and are supported by well-illustrated case histories. The reader (student as well as professional geophysicists, geologists and reservoir engineers) is taken from a basic level to more advanced study techniques.

Key Features

* Overview reflection seismic methods and its limitations.
* Link between basic seismic stratigraphic principles and high resolution sequence stratigraphy.
* Description of various techniques for seismic reservoir characterization and synthetic modelling.
* Overview nversion techniques, AVO and seismic attributes analysis.


geophysicists, seismologists, petroleum engineers

Table of Contents

  • About the Author


    Chapter 1: Introduction

    Chapter 2: The Seismic Reflection Method and Some of Its 2.1 Basic Processing Concepts

    2.2 Seismic Resolution

    2.3 AmplituDe and Frequency

    2.4 Seismic Wavelet

    2.5 Seismic Display

    2.6 Interval Velocities

    2.7 Data Conditioning and Reprocessing

    2.8 Enhancements in the Seismic Reflection Techniques

    Chapter 3: Seismic Stratigraphic Techniques

    3.1 Basic Seismic Observations

    3.2 Reflection Termination Mapping

    3.3 Seismic Facies Units

    3.4 Geological Calibration and Well Control

    3.5 Depositional Environment and Gross Lithofacies Interpretation

    3.6 Chronostratigraphy

    Chapter 4: Dynamics of Basinwide Sedimentation Patterns and Sealevel Changes

    4.1 Dynamics of Depositional Environments

    4.2 Coastal Onlap Curves

    4.3 The Link with Sequence Stratigraphy

    Chapter 5: Hydrocarbon Habitat

    5.1 Source Rocks and Hydrocarbon Migration

    5.2 Structural Mapping and Interpretation

    5.3 Direct Hydrocarbon Indicators

    5.4 Amplitude and Attribute Anomalies

    Chapter 6: Seismic Reservoir Characterisation

    6.1 Amplitude-Versus-Offset (AVO)

    6.2 Angle-Dependent Reflectivity

    6.3 Seismic Inversion Techniques

    6.4 Reservoir Modelling and Fluid Substitution

    6.5 Merging Seismics and Rock Physical Parameters

    Chapter 7: Volumetrics and Prospect Evaluation

    7.1 Pressure Differentials

    7.2 Quantitative Assessment

    7.3 Hydrocarbon Development and the Global Economy

    Chapter 8: Concluding Remarks



    Subject Index



























Product details

  • No. of pages: 528
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2006
  • Published: November 13, 2006
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080466309

About the Author

Paul Veeken

Paul Veeken

Affiliations and Expertise

Le Ban St. Martin, France

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