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Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124201514, 9780124202054

Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs

1st Edition

New Theories, Methods and Applications

Authors: Jing Ba José M. Carcione Qizhen Du Haibo Zhao Tobias Muller
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124201514
eBook ISBN: 9780124202054
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 26th February 2015
Page Count: 370
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Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs: New Theories, Methods and Applications is based on the field research conducted over the past decade by an authoring team of five of the world’s leading geoscientists.

In recent years, the exploration targets of world's oil companies have become more complex. The direct detection of hydrocarbons based on seismic wave data in heterogeneous oil/gas reservoirs has become a hot spot in the research of applied and exploration geophysics. The relevant theories, approaches and applications, which the authors have worked on for years and have established mature technical processes for industrial application, are of significant meaning to the further study and practice of engineers, researchers and students in related area.

Key Features

  • Authored by a team of geophysicists in industry and academia with a range of field, instruction, and research experience in hydrocarbon exploration
  • Nearly 200 figures, photographs, and illustrations aid in the understanding of the fundamental concepts and techniques
  • Presents the latest research in wave propagation theory, unconventional resources, experimental study, multi-component seismic processing and imaging, rock physics modeling and quantitative seismic interpretation
  • Sophisticated approach to research systematically forms an industrial work flow for geoscience and engineering practice


Exploration geoscientists, petroleum geologists and seismologists.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
    • Abstract
    • 1.1. Challenges in Hydrocarbon Seismic Exploration
    • 1.2. Main Contents of the Book
  • Chapter 2: Wave Propagation and Attenuation in Heterogeneous Reservoir Rocks
    • Abstract
    • 2.1. Introduction
    • 2.2. Biot–Rayleigh Theory of Wave Propagation in Heterogeneous Porous Media
    • 2.3. Biot–Rayleigh Theory of Wave Propagation in Patchy-Saturated Reservoir Rocks
    • 2.4. Wave Propagation in Partially Saturated Rocks: Numerical Examples
    • 2.5. Effect of Inclusion Pore-Fluid: Reformulated Biot–Rayleigh Theory
    • 2.6. Fluid Substitution in Partially Saturated Sandstones
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 3: Acoustics of Partially Saturated Rocks: Theory and Experiments
    • Abstract
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Fluid Pressure Diffusion and Patchy Saturation Bounds
    • 3.3. Biot’s Theory of Poroelasticity and Random Patchy Saturation Models
    • 3.4. Laboratory Experiments
    • 3.5. Laboratory Data Modeling
    • 3.6. Patchy Saturation and Two-Phase Flow Concepts
    • 3.7. Field-Scale Observations
    • 3.8. Signatures of Patchy Saturation in the Seismic Frequency Band
    • 3.9. Perspectives for Future Research
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 4: Fine Layering and Fractures: Effective Seismic Anisotropy
    • Abstract
    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. Theory of Wave Propagation
    • 4.3. Fine Layering
    • 4.4. Fractures
    • 4.5. Numerical Harmonic Experiments
  • Chapter 5: Characteristics of Seismic Wave Propagation in Viscoelastic Anisotropic Fractured Reservoirs
    • Abstract
    • 5.1. Introduction
    • 5.2. Effective medium model of viscoelastic anisotropic fractured reservoirs
    • 5.3. Numerical simulation of wavefield in viscoelastic anisotropic fractured medium
    • 5.4. Analysis of wave propagation characteristics in viscoelastic anisotropic fractured medium
    • 5.5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 6: Reverse-Time Migration: Principles, Practical Issues, and Recent Developments
    • Abstract
    • 6.1. Introduction to Seismic Imaging and Reverse-Time Migration
    • 6.2. Theory and General Procedures of Reverse-Time Migration
    • 6.3. Reverse-Time Migration in Anisotropic Media
    • 6.4. Gather Representations of Images
    • 6.5. Practical Issues in Reverse-Time Migration
    • 6.6. Impacts of Long Offsets and Full Azimuths on Reverse-Time Migration
    • 6.7. Summary and Conclusions
  • Chapter 7: Wave-Propagation Operators for True-Amplitude Reverse-Time Migration
    • Abstract
    • 7.1. Introduction
    • 7.2. Theory
    • 7.3. Numerical Examples
    • 7.4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 8: Rock Physics Models and Quantitative Seismic Prediction of Heterogeneous Gas Reservoirs – A Case Study in Metejan Area of Amu Darya Basin
    • Abstract
    • 8.1. Overview on the Work Area
    • 8.2. Experimental Analysis
    • 8.3. Multiscale Rock Physical Modeling
    • 8.4. Rock Physics Modeling in Heterogenenous Carbonate Reservoirs
    • 8.5. Conclusions
  • Subject Index
  • Author Index


No. of pages:
© Elsevier 2015
26th February 2015
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Authors

Jing Ba

Jing Ba

Jing Ba was born in Hubei province of China in 1980. He received his doctoral degree from one of Chinese top universities, Tsinghua University in 2008. From 2008 to 2012, He worked as a geophysicist in the Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development (RIPED), China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC). He was employed as a senior geophysicist by CNPC in 2012 and also works as a geophysical consultant for Energy Prospecting Technology USA Inc. (USA) in part-time service. He is an associate editor of Applied Geophysics since 2011 and works as technical referee for more than 20 geophysical journals. He is a member of AGU, SEG and EAGE. With solid and strong researching and application experiences in China, Central Asia and South America, he has been dedicated to build vast cooperation relationships between oil companies, oil service companies and global top-rated universities and researching institutes. He is also always ready to be a bond of both academic and practical connections between world and Chinese exploration communities.

Jing Ba published 2 books and more than 60 articles on geophysical journals and key conferences. His main research interests are wave propagation theory and hydrocarbon seismic detection methods. He leads several key research projects of wave propagation theory and industrial application. His theories and techniques have been successfully applied in the exploration areas of oil fields of China. He won several prizes for exploration research and has presented 11 China patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development(RIPED), Petrochia, Beijing, China

José M. Carcione

José M. Carcione was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He received the degree "Licenciado in Ciencias Físicas" from Buenos Aires University in 1978, the degree "Dottore in Fisica" from Milan University in 1984 and the PhD in Geophysics from Tel-Aviv University in 1987. This year he was awarded the Alexander von Humboldt scholarship for a position at the Geophysical Institute of Hamburg University, where he stayed from 1987 to 1989. From 1978 to 1980 he worked at the "Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica" at Buenos Aires. From 1981 to 1987 he was a research geophysicist at "Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales", the national oil company of Argentina. Presently, he is a senior geophysicist at the "Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS)" (former "Osservatorio Geofisico Sperimentale") in Trieste. He is the author of the books “Wave fields in real media: Theory and numerical simulation of wave propagation in anisotropic, anelastic, porous and electromagnetic media” (Pergamon Press, 2001; Elsevier Science, 2007, 2015) and "Seismic exploration of hydrocarbons in heterogeneous reservoirs: New theories, methods and applications" (Elsevier Science, 2015), and has published more than 240 peer-reviewed articles.

Carcione has been a member of the commission (GEV04) for evaluation of Italian research in the field of Earth Sciences (ANVUR) in the period 2004-2010.

Ranked among the top 100 Italian scientists:

Private webpage:

His current research deals with numerical modeling, the theory of wave propagation in acoustic and electromagnetic media, and their application to geophysics.

Affiliations and Expertise

Istituto Nazionale di Oceangrafia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS), Trieste, Italy

Qizhen Du

Haibo Zhao

Tobias Muller


"...provides a rich resource of theory, experimental data, thoughtful and reflective methodological considerations, and numerical examples. It is recommended to anyone interested in seismic exploration of the heterogeneous reservoirs." --Pure and Applied Geophysics

"... an impressive amount of detail on recent developments in several areas of this now rapidly evolving field of research...a timely and important reference work...will be well received by those doing research in the techniques covered by this volume." --The Leading Edge

Ratings and Reviews