Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs

Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs

New Theories, Methods and Applications

1st Edition - May 2, 2014

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  • Authors: Ba Jing, J. Carcione, Oizhen Du, Haibo Zhao, Tobias Muller
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124202054
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124201514

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Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs: New Theories, Methods and Applications is based on the field research conducted over the past decade by an authoring team of five of the world’s leading geoscientists. In recent years, the exploration targets of world's oil companies have become more complex. The direct detection of hydrocarbons based on seismic wave data in heterogeneous oil/gas reservoirs has become a hot spot in the research of applied and exploration geophysics. The relevant theories, approaches and applications, which the authors have worked on for years and have established mature technical processes for industrial application, are of significant meaning to the further study and practice of engineers, researchers and students in related area.

Key Features

  • Authored by a team of geophysicists in industry and academia with a range of field, instruction, and research experience in hydrocarbon exploration
  • Nearly 200 figures, photographs, and illustrations aid in the understanding of the fundamental concepts and techniques
  • Presents the latest research in wave propagation theory, unconventional resources, experimental study, multi-component seismic processing and imaging, rock physics modeling and quantitative seismic interpretation
  • Sophisticated approach to research systematically forms an industrial work flow for geoscience and engineering practice


Exploration geoscientists, petroleum geologists and seismologists.

Table of Contents

    • List of Contributors
    • Chapter 1: Introduction
      • Abstract
      • 1.1. Challenges in Hydrocarbon Seismic Exploration
      • 1.2. Main Contents of the Book
    • Chapter 2: Wave Propagation and Attenuation in Heterogeneous Reservoir Rocks
      • Abstract
      • 2.1. Introduction
      • 2.2. Biot–Rayleigh Theory of Wave Propagation in Heterogeneous Porous Media
      • 2.3. Biot–Rayleigh Theory of Wave Propagation in Patchy-Saturated Reservoir Rocks
      • 2.4. Wave Propagation in Partially Saturated Rocks: Numerical Examples
      • 2.5. Effect of Inclusion Pore-Fluid: Reformulated Biot–Rayleigh Theory
      • 2.6. Fluid Substitution in Partially Saturated Sandstones
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 3: Acoustics of Partially Saturated Rocks: Theory and Experiments
      • Abstract
      • 3.1. Introduction
      • 3.2. Fluid Pressure Diffusion and Patchy Saturation Bounds
      • 3.3. Biot’s Theory of Poroelasticity and Random Patchy Saturation Models
      • 3.4. Laboratory Experiments
      • 3.5. Laboratory Data Modeling
      • 3.6. Patchy Saturation and Two-Phase Flow Concepts
      • 3.7. Field-Scale Observations
      • 3.8. Signatures of Patchy Saturation in the Seismic Frequency Band
      • 3.9. Perspectives for Future Research
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 4: Fine Layering and Fractures: Effective Seismic Anisotropy
      • Abstract
      • 4.1. Introduction
      • 4.2. Theory of Wave Propagation
      • 4.3. Fine Layering
      • 4.4. Fractures
      • 4.5. Numerical Harmonic Experiments
    • Chapter 5: Characteristics of Seismic Wave Propagation in Viscoelastic Anisotropic Fractured Reservoirs
      • Abstract
      • 5.1. Introduction
      • 5.2. Effective medium model of viscoelastic anisotropic fractured reservoirs
      • 5.3. Numerical simulation of wavefield in viscoelastic anisotropic fractured medium
      • 5.4. Analysis of wave propagation characteristics in viscoelastic anisotropic fractured medium
      • 5.5. Conclusions
    • Chapter 6: Reverse-Time Migration: Principles, Practical Issues, and Recent Developments
      • Abstract
      • 6.1. Introduction to Seismic Imaging and Reverse-Time Migration
      • 6.2. Theory and General Procedures of Reverse-Time Migration
      • 6.3. Reverse-Time Migration in Anisotropic Media
      • 6.4. Gather Representations of Images
      • 6.5. Practical Issues in Reverse-Time Migration
      • 6.6. Impacts of Long Offsets and Full Azimuths on Reverse-Time Migration
      • 6.7. Summary and Conclusions
    • Chapter 7: Wave-Propagation Operators for True-Amplitude Reverse-Time Migration
      • Abstract
      • 7.1. Introduction
      • 7.2. Theory
      • 7.3. Numerical Examples
      • 7.4. Conclusions
    • Chapter 8: Rock Physics Models and Quantitative Seismic Prediction of Heterogeneous Gas Reservoirs – A Case Study in Metejan Area of Amu Darya Basin
      • Abstract
      • 8.1. Overview on the Work Area
      • 8.2. Experimental Analysis
      • 8.3. Multiscale Rock Physical Modeling
      • 8.4. Rock Physics Modeling in Heterogenenous Carbonate Reservoirs
      • 8.5. Conclusions
    • Subject Index
    • Author Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 370
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2015
  • Published: May 2, 2014
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124202054
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124201514

About the Authors

Ba Jing

Ba Jing
Jing Ba was born in Hubei province of China in 1980. He received his doctoral degree from one of Chinese top universities, Tsinghua University in 2008. From 2008 to 2012, He worked as a geophysicist in the Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development (RIPED), China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC). He was employed as a senior geophysicist by CNPC in 2012 and also works as a geophysical consultant for Energy Prospecting Technology USA Inc. (USA) in part-time service. He is an associate editor of Applied Geophysics since 2011 and works as technical referee for more than 20 geophysical journals. He is a member of AGU, SEG and EAGE. With solid and strong researching and application experiences in China, Central Asia and South America, he has been dedicated to build vast cooperation relationships between oil companies, oil service companies and global top-rated universities and researching institutes. He is also always ready to be a bond of both academic and practical connections between world and Chinese exploration communities.

Jing Ba published 2 books and more than 60 articles on geophysical journals and key conferences. His main research interests are wave propagation theory and hydrocarbon seismic detection methods. He leads several key research projects of wave propagation theory and industrial application. His theories and techniques have been successfully applied in the exploration areas of oil fields of China. He won several prizes for exploration research and has presented 11 China patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development(RIPED), Petrochia, Beijing, China

J. Carcione

José M. Carcione received the degree "Licenciado in Ciencias Físicas" from Buenos Aires University in 1978, the degree "Dottore in Fisica" from Milan University in 1984 and the PhD in Geophysics from Tel-Aviv University in 1987. He was awarded the Alexander von Humboldt scholarship for a position at the Geophysical Institute of Hamburg University, where he stayed from 1987 to 1989. Dr. Carcione received the 2007 Anstey award at the EAGE in London and the 2017 EAGE Conrad Schlumberger award in Paris. He has authored several books and has published more than 360 peer-reviewed articles.

Affiliations and Expertise

Hohai University, Nanjing, China and Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS), Trieste, Italy

Oizhen Du

Haibo Zhao

Tobias Muller

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