Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat

Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat

GeoHab Atlas of Seafloor Geomorphic Features and Benthic Habitats

2nd Edition - November 2, 2019

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  • Editors: Peter Harris, Elaine Baker
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128149614
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128149607

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Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat: GeoHab Atlas of Seafloor Geomorphic Features and Benthic Habitats, Second Edition, provides an updated synthesis of seabed geomorphology and benthic habitats. This new edition includes new case studies from all geographic areas and habitats that were not included in the previous edition, including the Arctic, Asia, Africa and South America. Using multibeam sonar, the benthic ecology of submarine features, such as fjords, sand banks, coral reefs, seamounts, canyons, mud volcanoes and spreading ridges is revealed in unprecedented detail. This timely release offers new understanding for researchers in Marine Biodiversity, environmental managers, ecologists, and more.

Key Features

  • Explores the relationships between seabed geomorphology, oceanography and biology
  • Provides global case studies which directly focus on habitats, including both biological and physical data
  • Describes ways to detect change in the marine environment (change in the condition of benthic habitats), a critical aspect for judging the performance of policies and legislation


Researchers in Marine Biodiversity, environmental managers, ecologists, petroleum explorers, conservationists and scientists, geologists

Table of Contents

  • Part I Introduction

    Chapter 1: Why map benthic habitats?

    Peter T. Harris and Elaine K. Baker

    Chapter 2: Habitat mapping and marine management

    Elaine K. Baker and Peter T. Harris

    Chapter 3: Anthropogenic threats to benthic habitats

    Peter T. Harris

    Chapter 4: Biogeography, benthic ecology and habitat classification schemes

    Peter T. Harris

    Chapter 5: Surrogacy

    Peter T. Harris

    Chapter 6: Seafloor geomorphology—coast, shelf, and abyss

    Peter T. Harris

    Part II Case studies

    Chapter 7: Characterization of worm reefs (Sabellaria vulgaris) in Delaware Bay, United States

    Stephanie M. Dohner, Caitlin L. Stockwell, Douglas C. Miller and Arthur C. Trembanis

    Chapter 8: Benthic habitat mapping in a shallow tropical bay: the Itaparica channel_eastern Brazil

    Paloma P. Avena, Jose´ M.L. Dominguez and Ivan Cardoso Lemos Junior

    Chapter 9: Seafloor morphology and habitats of tidal channels in the Venice Lagoon, Italy tidal channel habitats

    Fantina Madricardo, Giacomo Montereale-Gavazzi, Marco Sigovini, Aleksandra Kruss, Carlotta Toso and Federica Foglini

    Chapter 10: An integrated seafloor habitat map to inform marine spatial planning and management: a case study from Long Island Sound (Northwest Atlantic)

    Roman N. Zajac, Lauren M. Stefaniak, Ivar Babb, Christian W. Conroy, Shannon Penna, Deena Chadi and Peter J. Auster

    Chapter 11: Epibenthic marine habitat mapping in a tropical bay: Todos os

    Santos Bay, Eastern Brazil

    Renato Guimara˜es de Oliveira, Jose´ Maria Landim Dominguez, Ivan Cardoso Lemos Junior and Carla Maria Menegola da Silva

    Chapter 12: Physical oceanographic drivers of geomorphology of rhodolith/maerl beds in Galway Bay, Ireland

    Siddhi Joshi and Eugene Farrell

    Chapter 13: Seabed habitats of the Bay of Fundy, Atlantic Canada

    Brian J. Todd, Craig J. Brown, Brittany Curtis, Stephane Kirchhoff, Myriam Lacharite´, Jessica A. Sameoto and Ian Church

    Chapter 14: A dynamic bedforms habitat for the forage fish Pacific sand lance, San Juan Islands, WA, United States

    H. Gary Greene, Matthew Baker and John Aschoff

    Chapter 15: The eastern Gulf of Finland—brackish water estuary under natural conditions and anthropogenic stress

    Daria Ryabchuk, Marina Orlova, Anu Kaskela, Aarno Kotilainen, Alexander Sergeev, Leontina Sukhacheva, Vladimir Zhamoida, Leonid Budanov and Igor Neevin

    Chapter 16: Geomorphic features and benthic habitats of a subarctic fjard: Okak Bay, Nunatsiavut, Labrador

    Mallory Carpenter, Tanya M Brown, Trevor Bell, Andre´ Martel and Evan Edinger

    Chapter 17: Sponge reefs on the Northeast Pacific margin: geomorphic and biological variability

    Kim W. Conway, A. Dunham, L.A. Burke, S.K. Archer, J. Shaw and R. Kung

    Chapter 18: Habitat mapping in the fjords of the Chilean Patagonia using an autonomous underwater vehicle

    K.L. Boswarva, J.A. Howe, R. Obando, C. Fox, B.E. Narayanaswamy, V. Häussermann and C. Abernethy

    Chapter 19: The inland deep sea—benthic biotopes in the Sognefjord

    Lene Buhl-Mortensen, Pål Buhl-Mortensen, Henrik Glenner, Ulf Båmstedt and Kjell Bakkeplass

    Chapter 20: Geomorphology, benthos, and habitats in the Primeiras and Segundas Environmental Protected Area, Mozambique

    Luisa Teixeira, Martin Nilsson, Aure´lie Shapiro and Lara Cristina Muaves

    Chapter 21: Distribution of seagrass communities north of Barcelona,

    Northwestern Mediterranean Sea

    M. Canals, D. Amblas, X. Rayo, J. Romero and J. Ylla

    Chapter 22: Inner shelf habitat surrounding the Kapiti Marine Reserve, New Zealand

    Geoffroy Lamarche, Alix Laferriere, Shane Geange, Jonathan Gardner and Arne Pallentin

    Chapter 23: Marine landscapes and habitats of Cilento Geopark (Italy)—linking geo- and biodiversity using a multiscalar approach

    Silvana D’Angelo, Floriana Di Stefano, Andrea Fiorentino, Maria Teresa Lettieri, Giovanni Fulvio Russo and Crescenzo Violante

    Chapter 24: Fine-scale seabed habitats off Capri Island, southern Italy

    C. Violante, M. De Lauro and E. Esposito

    Chapter 25: Winnowed gravel lag deposits between sandbanks in the German North Sea

    Svenja Papenmeier, Daphnie Galvez, Carmen-Pia Günther, Roland Pesch, Claudia Propp, H. Christian Hass, Bastian Schuchardt and Manfred Zeiler

    Chapter 26: Benthic community structure at a remote temperate rocky reef in the Gulf of Maine, Cashes Ledge

    Jay Calvert and Chris McGonigle

    Chapter 27: Continental shelf habitats off a large South American metropolis: Salvador City, Eastern Brazil

    Renata C. Rebouc¸as, Jose´ M.L. Dominguez, Paloma P. Avena, Alina S. Nunes and Lizandra C. Melo

    Chapter 28: Temperate rocky reef on the southeast Australian continental shelf ...487

    T. Ingleton, J. Neilson, P. Davies, E. Foulsham, M. Linklater, D. Hanslow and A. Jordan

    Chapter 29: Geomorphology and microhabitats of large, isolated, immobile bedforms in the Great South Channel, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

    Massimo Di Stefano and Larry Alan Mayer

    Chapter 30: Submerged reefs in the Abrolhos Shelf: morphology and habitat


    Lucas C. Ferreira, Alex C. Bastos, Gilberto M. Amado Filho, In memorian, Marcos Daniel A. Leite, Geandre´ C. Boni, Fernando C. Moraes, Ne´lio Secchin, Laura S. Vieira, Ricardo Bahia, Natacha Oliveira, Vale´ria S. Quaresma and Rodrigo L. Moura

    Chapter 31: Coral reefs in Fatu Huku Island, Marquesas Archipelago, French Polynesia

    Antoine Collin, Jean Laporte, Benjamin Koetz, Franc¸ois-Re´gis Martin-Lauzer and Yves-Louis Desnos

    Chapter 32: Carbonate banks and terraces of the Oceanic Shoals Marine Park region, Northern Australia

    Rachel Przeslawski, Scott Nichol, Belinda Alvarez, Andrew Carroll, Chris Glasby, Kim Picard and Radford Ben

    Chapter 33: Reefs distribution and inter reef sedimentation on Tamandare´ continental shelf, Northeast Brazil

    Vanessa C. Fontes, Moab Praxedes Gomes, Helenice Vital, Beatrice P. Ferreira and Mauro Maida

    Chapter 34: Nature and condition of outer shelf habitats on the drowned Ac¸u Reef, Northeast Brazil

    M.P. Gomes, H. Vital, L.L. Nascimento Silva, P.B. Eichler, D. Rovira and G.O. Longo

    Chapter 35: Seabed character and associated habitats of an equatorial tropical shelf: the Rio Grande do Norte Shelf, Northeast Brazil

    Helenice Vital, Tatiana Silva Leite, Marina Gomes Viana, Patrícia Pinheiro Beck Eichler, Dieˆgo de Oliveira Batista, Moab Praxedes Gomes, Joa˜o Paulo Ferreira da Silva, Andre´ Giskard Aquino da Silva and Simone Nunes Branda˜o

    Chapter 36: Characterizing benthic habitats in two Marine Protected Areas

    on the West Florida Shelf

    Jennifer L. Brizzolara, Sarah E. Grasty, Alex R. Ilich, John W. Gray, David F. Naar and Steven A. Murawski

    Chapter 37: Substrate mapping to inform ecosystem science and marine spatial planning around the main Hawaiian Islands

    D. Dove, M. Weijerman, A. Grüss, T. Acoba and J.R. Smith

    Chapter 38: Dropstones on a glaciated continental shelf as key habitat, Sabrina Shelf, East Antarctica

    Alexandra L. Post, Caroline Lavoie, Eugene W. Domack, Amy Leventer and Rodrigo Fernandez

    Chapter 39: Geomorphological and habitat mapping of the glaciated shelf (the Velikaya Salma Strait of the Kandalaksha Gulf of the White Sea, Russia)

    Ya.E. Terekhina, A.A. Barymova, A.I. Isachenko, A.I. Kokorin, V.V. Kozlovskiy, P.G. Mikhaylyukova, V.O. Mokievsky, T.Yu. Repkina, A.E. Rybalko, M.Yu. Tokarev and N.V. Shabalyn

    Chapter 40: Seafloor geomorphology and benthic habitat of the German Bank glaciated shelf, Atlantic Canada

    Craig J. Brown, Brian J. Todd, Stephen J. Smith and Jessica A. Sameoto

    Chapter 41: Geomorphic features and benthos in a deep glacial trough in Atlantic Canada

    Myriam Lacharite´, Craig J. Brown, Alexandre Normandeau and Brian J. Todd

    Chapter 42: Submarine sedimentary bedforms and benthos surrounding the Heard and McDonald Islands World Heritage site

    Sally J. Watson, Vanessa Lucieer, Joanne Whittaker, Jodi M. Fox, Nicole Hill and Millard F. Coffin

    Chapter 43: Geomorphic features and associated habitats of the Patagonian Continental Margin, southwestern Atlantic

    Dulce Mata, Araceli Muñoz, Lourdes Viscasillas and Diego Varas

    Chapter 44: Fine-scale habitat characterization of The Gully, the Flemish Cap, and the Orphan Knoll, Northwest Atlantic, with a focus on cold-water corals

    Vincent Lecours, Luka´ˇs Ga´bor, Evan Edinger and Rodolphe Devillers

    Chapter 45: Characterization of the geomorphology and biotopes of the Ha´fadju´p canyon system, south Iceland

    Davíð Þo´r O´ðinsson, Steinunn H. O´lafsdo´ttir and Julian M. Burgos

    Chapter 46: Continental shelf, canyons and pockmark fields in the southeastern Bay of Biscay

    Ibon Galparsoro, Iñigo Muxika, Joxe Mikel Garmendia and Jose´ Germa´n Rodríguez

    Chapter 47: The geomorphology and biology of a submarine canyon system incising Ireland’s shelf edge in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean

    D. O’Sullivan, Y. Leahy, J. Guinan, R. Ross, F. Sacchetti, Kerry Howell, David Lyons and Leonie O’Dowd

    Chapter 48: Tricase Submarine Canyon: cold-water coral habitats in the southwesternmost Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea)

    Mariacristina Prampolini, Lorenzo Angeletti, Valentina Grande, Marco Taviani and Federica Foglini

    Chapter 49: Cold-water coral habitat in the Bari Canyon System, Southern Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea)

    Lorenzo Angeletti, Mariacristina Prampolini, Federica Foglini, Valentina Grande and Marco Taviani

    Chapter 50: Benthic habitats of a mud volcano associated with the Queen Charlotte transform margin along northern British Columbia, Canada and Southern Alaska, United States

    J. Vaughn Barrie, H. Gary Greene and Kim W. Conway

    Chapter 51: Geomorphic features, main habitats and associated biota on and around the newly formed Tagoro submarine volcano, Canary Islands

    Ana Sotomayor-Garcia, Jose´ L. Rueda, Olga Sa´nchez-Guillamo´n, Juan T. Va´zquez, Desire´e Palomino, Luis M. Ferna´ndez-Salas, Nieves Lo´pez-Gonza´lez, Marcos Gonza´lez-Porto, Javier Urra, J. Magdalena Santana-Casiano, Melchor Gonza´lez-Da´vila and Eugenio Fraile-Nuez

    Chapter 52: Habitat distribution and associated biota in different geomorphic features within a fluid venting area of the Gulf of Ca´diz (Southwestern Iberian Peninsula, Northeast Atlantic Ocean)

    Pablo Lozano, Jose´ L. Rueda, Marina Gallardo-Nu´ñez, Carlos Farias, Javier Urra, Yolanda Vila, Nieves Lo´pez-Gonza´lez, Desire´e Palomino, Olga Sa´nchez-Guillamo´n, Juan T. Va´zquez and Luis M. Ferna´ndez-Salas

    Chapter 53: New evidence to support the distribution of dense hydrocoral_sponge communities along George V slope, East Antarctica

    J. Smith, Alexandra L. Post, P.E. O’Brien and M.J. Riddle

    Chapter 54: Chemosynthetic seep communities triggered by seabed slumping off of northern Papua New Guinea

    David R. Tappin

    Chapter 55: Near-pristine benthic habitats on the Francesc Page`s Bank, Alboran Sea, western Mediterranean

    Claudio Lo Iacono, Jordi Grinyo´, Suzanne Conlon, Manfred Lafosse, Alain Rabaute, Martina Pierdomenico, Hector Perea, Elia d’Acremont and Eula`lia Gra`cia

    Chapter 56: Application of the coastal and marine ecological classification standard to Gosnold Seamount, North Atlantic Ocean

    D. Sowers, J.A. Dijkstra, K. Mello, G. Masetti, M. Malik and Larry Alan Mayer

    Chapter 57: Deep-sea benthic megafaunal communities on the New England and Corner Rise Seamounts, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

    Abby Lapointe, Les Watling and Allen M. Gontz

    Chapter 58: Manganese nodule fields from the Northeast Pacific as benthic habitats

    Thomas Kuhn, Katja Uhlenkott, Annemiek Vink, Carsten Rühlemann and Pedro Martinez Arbizu

    Chapter 59: Geomorphology and benthic habitats of the Kermadec Trench, Southwest Pacific Ocean

    Alan J. Jamieson, Heather A. Stewart, Ashley A. Rowden and Malcolm R. Clark

    Part III Synthesis

    Chapter 60: GeoHab Atlas of seafloor geomorphic features and benthic habitats—synthesis and lessons learned

    Peter T. Harris and Elaine K. Baker

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1076
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2019
  • Published: November 2, 2019
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128149614
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128149607

About the Editors

Peter Harris

Peter Harris
I joined GRID-Arendal as Managing Director in 2014. I am a native of the USA, citizen of Australia and resident of Norway; I describe myself as a “professional foreigner”. I am a graduate of the University of Washington (Seattle USA), completed a PhD at the University of Wales (Swansea UK), married an Australian and have 3 children. I have worked in the field of marine geology and science management for over 30 years and published over 100 scientific papers. I taught marine geology at the University of Sydney and conducted research on UK estuaries, the Great Barrier Reef, the Fly River Delta (Papua New Guinea) and Antarctica. I worked for 20 years for Australia’s national geoscience agency as a scientist and manager. In 2009 I was appointed a member of the group of experts for the United Nations World Ocean Assessment. Apart from managing all of GRID-Arendal’s amazing activities, my interests include new methods for the conduct of environmental assessments (the expert elicitation method) and the use of multivariate statistics and geomorphology to provide tools to manage the global ocean environment. I also enjoy sailing and playing the bagpipes.

Affiliations and Expertise

Geoscience Australia, Canberra, Australia

Elaine Baker

Elaine holds the inaugural UNESCO Chair in Marine Science at the University of Sydney and is the Director of the University's Marine Studies Institute. Professor Baker is also the Director of the GRID-Arendal office (an official collaborating centre of UNEP) at the University. Elaine is interested in making real world impact – taking the ideas and inspiration of the university beyond academia to help solve some of our biggest problems. She has worked on developing policy recommendations to deal with the growing burden of waste, how to make waste-water pay its own way, how to change the face of mining so it includes people and the planet alongside profit and why our coastal ecosystems are worth more alive than dead. Over the last 10 years Elaine has been working with partners in Australia and Norway on a project that is redrawing the map of the world – to date assisting more than 60 developing coastal states in their efforts to prepare submissions to the United Nations, for what is known as extended continental shelf. This process, when complete, will establish the outer limits of marine jurisdiction for eligible coastal states, helping to finalise global maritime boundaries. A recent milestone in the project was the joint submission for extended continental shelf made by seven West African coastal states. Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Cabo Verde and Sierra Leone joined together in an historic collaboration, to make a single submission for a large area of marine territory. In the Pacific Professor Baker is a co-founder of the Pacific Maritime Boundaries collaboration, which includes the University of Sydney, GRID- Arendal, SOPAC/SPC, Geoscience Australia, the Pacific Forum Fisheries Association, the Australian Attorney Generals Department, the Commonwealth Secretariat and 14 Pacific Islands States. Since 2008 scientific, technical and diplomatic personnel have been meeting twice a year at the University to prepare claims for extended continental shelf under article 76 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and more recently to negotiate and prepare national legislation for shared maritime boundaries. The boundaries projects, known collectively as the Shelf Programme, is building on these successes to develop other initiatives that support sustainable livilihoods along side good ocean governance.

Affiliations and Expertise


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