Sea Mammals and Oil: Confronting the Risks - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122806001, 9780323157124

Sea Mammals and Oil: Confronting the Risks

1st Edition

Editors: Joseph Geraci
eBook ISBN: 9780323157124
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th September 1990
Page Count: 298
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Description

Sea Mammals and Oil: Confronting the Risks summarizes the effects of spilled petroleum, or “oil”, on five groups of marine mammals, including seals, whales and dolphins, sea otters, polar bears, and manatees. It poses questions concerning the extent of oil spill effects on marine mammals; the vulnerability of each species; and the probable effects to humans, domestic animals, and laboratory animals. After an introduction to the composition and fate of petroleum and spill-treating agents in the marine environment, the book discusses the use of risk assessment and mathematical/computer models in evaluating the effects of oil in marine mammal populations. Chapters 3 to 11 examine the ecological perspectives, physiologic, and toxic effects of oil on five mammal groups. The effect of oil on their behavior and the detection and avoidance of oil spill are also discussed. With a strong focus on risk assessment, this book is ideal for petroleum chemists and technologists, marine biologists, and veterinary medicine researchers.

Table of Contents

Contributors Foreword Preface 1 Composition and Fate of Petroleum and Spill-Treating Agents in the Marine Environment Introduction Composition and Toxicity of Petroleum
Sources of Petroleum in the Marine Environment
Fate of Petroleum in the Marine Environment Oil Dispersants
Other Methods of Treating Spills Interactions between Petroleum and Marine Mammals Effects of Oil Dispersants
Conclusion
References 2 Effects of Oil on Marine Mammal Populations: Model Simulations Introduction
Marine Mammals in the Southern California Bight
Northern Fur Seals in the Bering Sea
Bowhead and Gray Whales in Alaskan Waters
Sea Otters in California
Summary
References
3 Pinnipeds and Oil: Ecologie Perspectives
Introduction
Life Histories Habitat Use Social Organization and Behavior
Demography
References
4 Physiologic and Toxic Effects on Pinnipeds Historical Notes
Detection and Avoidance of Oil
Behavioral Effects
Surface Contact Oil Ingestion
Inhalation
Summary
References 5 Cetaceans and Oil: Ecologie Perspectives
Introduction
Life Histories
Habitat Social Organization and Behavior Summarizing the Risk References
6 Physiologic and Toxic Effects on Cetaceans Historical Notes Detection and Avoidance
Surface Contact
Inhalation
Baleen Fouling Ingestion and Accumulation Summary References
7 Sea Otters and Oil: Ecologie Perspectives Introduction Distribution and Abundance Preferred Habitat
Site Fidelity and Movement Patterns
Reproduction
Social Organization and Reproductive Behavior Trophic Levels and Feeding Habits
Metabolism and Thermorégulation
Summarizing the Risk
Re

Details

No. of pages:
298
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1990
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323157124

About the Editor

Joseph Geraci

Ratings and Reviews