Sea Cucumbers

Sea Cucumbers

Aquaculture, Biology and Ecology

1st Edition - March 7, 2021

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  • Authors: Mohamed Mohsen, Hongsheng Yang
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128243770
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128243985

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Sea Cucumbers: Aquaculture, Biology and Ecology presents the latest scientific research on sea cucumbers and their ecological and nutritional benefits. This practical reference helps professionals and students understand basic biology and farming methods by presenting the basic knowledge needed to not only promote aquaculture and fisheries management in different environments, but to also improve the management of sea cucumber health and successful aquaculture operations. Information in this book includes a variety of sea cucumber species, population status, aquaculture development, and the explored benefits of sea cucumbers in unique regions, including Egypt, Turkey, Iran and Arabian countries of the Persian Gulf.

Key Features

  • Covers the recent literature surrounding the biology and ecology of sea cucumbers
  • Highlights the medicinal and pharmaceutical values of sea cucumbers
  • Presents the advantages of developing sea cucumber farming as a viable aquaculture enterprise
  • Includes practical case studies of sea cucumber aquaculture


Researchers in aquaculture science, marine science, fisheries science, ecology, oceanography, and invertebrate biology. Students in aquaculture and fisheries management

Table of Contents

  • Part I: General Biology of sea cucumbers
    1.1 Morphology
    1.2 Anatomy
    1.2.1 Body walls
    1.2.2 Ossicles
    1.2.3 Calcareous ring
    1.2.4 Coelomic fluid and coelomocytes
    1.2.5 Digestive system
    1.2.6 Hemal system
    1.2.7 Respiratory tree
    1.2.8 Water vascular system
    1.2.9 Nervous system
    1.2.10 Reproductive system
    1.3 Evisceration
    1.4 Regeneration
    1.5 Aestivation
    1.6 Medicinal properties
    1.7 Genetic diversity

    2 Part II: Sea cucumbers in the Middle East: what is known and what is unknown
    2.1 Sea cucumber species
    2.2 Hotspots for sea cucumber species in the Middle East
    2.2.1 Sea cucumbers in Egypt
    2.2.2 Sea cucumbers in Turkey
    2.2.3 Sea cucumbers in Iran
    2.2.4 Sea cucumbers in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf

    Part III: Sea cucumbers mariculture
    3.1 Asexual reproduction
    3.2 Sexual reproduction
    3.2.1 Broodstock collection
    3.2.2 Broodstock conditioning
    3.2.3 Spawning
    3.2.4 Fertilization
    3.2.5 Embryonic and larval development
    3.2.6 Nursery
    3.3 Farming methods
    3.4 Sea cucumbers in the integrated multi-trophic aquaculture
    3.5 Processing and cooking methods of sea cucumbers
    3.6 Feasibility for farming sea cucumbers

    Part IV: Stressors and sea cucumbers
    4.1 Temperature
    4.2 Salinity
    4.3 pH
    4.4 Hypoxia
    4.5 Microplastic
    4.6 Stocking density
    4.Food quality
    4.8 Handling and Transportation
    4.9 Presence of Predators

Product details

  • No. of pages: 200
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2021
  • Published: March 7, 2021
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128243770
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128243985

About the Authors

Mohamed Mohsen

Mohamed Mohsen – H Index 12. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of oceanology, 7 Nanhai Road, Qingdao, China. Adjunct lecturer, Al-Azhar University, Faculty of Agriculture, Egypt.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Oceanology, Qingdao, China

Hongsheng Yang

Hongsheng Yang has long been engaged in research on the biology and ecology of sea cucumber, ecological immunology, facilities and techniques for culture and stock enhancement of sea cucumber and artificial reef evaluation and resource restoration techniques. He participated in drafting many national strategy planning documents including the "Eleventh Five-Year plan", "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", “Marine agriculture” special plan of the Ministry of Science and Technology and "Conservation and sustainable use of marine biological resources”, the National Ocean and Technology Development Strategy, Program for Marine Development by Reliance on Science and Technology and several other regional development strategy plans of Shandong Province and Qingdao City. He has published over 100 papers, authorized more than 20 patents and presided over formulating a national industry standard.

Affiliations and Expertise

Deputy Director, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, P.R. China

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