Scientific Papers and Presentations

Scientific Papers and Presentations

Navigating Scientific Communication in Today’s World

3rd Edition - July 27, 2012

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  • Authors: Martha Davis, Kaaron Joann Davis, Marion Dunagan
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780123847270
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123847287

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Electronic publishing and electronic means of text and data presentation have changed enormously since the first edition of this book was published in 1997. The third edition of Scientific Papers and Presentations applies traditional principles to today's modern techniques and the changing needs of up-and-coming academia. Topics include designing visual aids, writing first drafts, reviewing and revising, communicating clearly and concisely, adhering to stylistic principles, presenting data in tables and figures, dealing with ethical and legal issues, and relating science to the lay audience. This successful legacy title is an essential guide to professional communication, provides a wealth of information and detail and is a useful guide.

Key Features

  • Covers all aspects of communication for early scientists from research to thesis to presentations.
  • Discusses how to use multi-media effectively in presentations and communication
  • Includes an extensive appendices section with detailed examples for further guidance


Graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and researchers in every discipline

Table of Contents

  • Preface to the First Edition

    Preface to the Second Edition

    Preface to the Third Edition

    Chapter 1. The Semantic Environment of Science

    1.1 The Semantic Environment

    1.2 Basic Semantic Elements in Communication


    Chapter 2. Before You Begin

    2.1 Kinds of Scientific Communication

    2.2 Sources of Help

    2.3 Of Pencils, Mice, and Cyberspace


    Chapter 3. Organizing and Writing a Rough Draft

    3.1 Thinking and Writing

    3.2 Prewriting Exercises

    3.3 Organization and Development

    3.4 Coordinating Organization and Development

    3.5 Writing the Rough Draft

    3.6 Examples


    Chapter 4. Searching and Reviewing Scientific Literature

    4.1 Planning the Literature Search

    4.2 Finding the Literature

    4.3 Selecting and Evaluating the Literature

    4.4 Reviews


    Chapter 5. The Proposal

    5.1 The Graduate Proposal

    5.2 The Grant Proposal

    5.3 Other Considerations

    5.4 Progress Reports


    Chapter 6. Graduate Theses and Dissertations

    6.1 The Thesis and your Graduate Program

    6.2 Avoiding Problems

    6.3 Planning the Thesis

    6.4 Forms for Theses

    6.5 The Thesis Defense


    Chapter 7. Publishing in Scientific Journals

    7.1 Planning and Writing the Paper

    7.2 Journal Manuscript Contents

    7.3 After the Paper is Written

    7.4 The Editing and Reviewing Process


    Chapter 8. Style and Accuracy in the Final Draft

    8.1 Style

    8.2 Styles in Headings

    8.3 Accuracy and Style in Documentation

    8.4 Proofreading


    Chapter 9. Reviewing and Revising

    9.1 Reviewing and Revising Your Own Paper

    9.2 Requesting other Reviews

    9.3 Reviewing Journal Manuscripts for Others


    Chapter 10. Titles and Abstracts

    10.1 Titles

    10.2 Abstracts


    Chapter 11. Publishing Data

    11.1 Tables

    11.2 Figures

    11.3 Summary


    Chapter 12. Professionalism, Ethics, and Legal Issues

    12.1 Professionalism

    12.2 Professional Ethics in Scientific Communication

    12.3 Professional Respect for Others

    12.4 The Legal Issues: Copyrights and Patents


    Chapter 13. Scientific Presentations

    13.1 Academic Seminars

    13.2 The Professional Meeting

    13.3 Speaking at the Job Interview

    13.4 The Question and Answer Session

    13.5 Role of the Moderator

    13.6 Fit the Occasion


    Chapter 14. Communication without Words

    14.1 Symbols

    14.2 Fonts

    14.3 Color

    14.4 Physical Communication

    14.5 Listening


    Chapter 15. Visual Aids for Presentations

    15.1 Slide Composition

    15.2 Slide Production


    Chapter 16. The Oral Presentation

    16.1 Conditioning Yourself

    16.2 Timing

    16.3 The Visual Aids

    16.4 Coordinating the Visual Aids and the Speech

    16.5 Transitions in an Oral Presentation

    16.6 The Peer Review

    16.7 Checklist for Professional Oral Presentation


    Chapter 17. Poster Presentations

    17.1 Audience

    17.2 Content

    17.3 Making it Fit

    17.4 Text Size and Style

    17.5 Color and Physical Quality

    17.6 Spacing and Arrangement

    17.7 Presentation of Data

    17.8 The Presenter

    17.9 Handouts

    17.10 Time and Construction


    Chapter 18. Group Communications

    18.1 Group Communication with No Audience

    18.2 Group Communication with an Audience


    Chapter 19. Communicating with the Nonscientist

    19.1 The Research Scientist

    19.2 The Science Practitioner

    19.3 The Science Writer

    19.4 Audiences

    19.5 Avenues

    19.6 Subject

    19.7 Techniques


    Chapter 20. To the International Student

    20.1 Becoming Adjusted to U.S. Cultures

    20.2 General Cultural Differences

    20.3 Scientific Writing in American English

    20.4 Oral Presentations

    20.5 Body Language


    APPENDIX 1. Weaknesses in Scientific Writing

    APPENDIX 2. The First Draft

    APPENDIX 3. Sample Manuscript

    APPENDIX 4. Sample Literature Review

    APPENDIX 5. Sample Graduate Proposal

    APPENDIX 6. Alternate Routes to the Thesis

    APPENDIX 7. Sample Review of Manuscript Submitted for Publication

    APPENDIX 8. Evolution of a Title

    APPENDIX 9. Evolution of an Abstract

    APPENDIX 10. Putting Data into Tables and Figures

    APPENDIX 11. Sample Letter Requesting Copyright Permission

    APPENDIX 12. Use of Color in Visual Aids

    APPENDIX 13. Designing Slides and Slide Sets

    APPENDIX 14. Oral Presentations at Meetings


Product details

  • No. of pages: 368
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2012
  • Published: July 27, 2012
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780123847270
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123847287

About the Authors

Martha Davis

After teaching English composition and world literature, Martha Davis crossed the line between the humanities and the sciences. Always an aficionado of biology and gardening, her interests led her to the biological and agricultural sciences where she has worked for some 15 years mostly with graduate students relative to their communication skills in science. This handbook is the result of seeking answers to their questions and of recognizing that most other communication handbooks are limited to specific areas of writing or speaking. Scientific Papers and Presentations is her attempt to put under one cover the basic guidelines for the communication endeavors of the graduate student as well as the professional scientist.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, U.S.A.

Kaaron Joann Davis

Affiliations and Expertise

Curricular Affairs Coordinator, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA

Marion Dunagan

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Dean for Graduate Programs, Graduate School of Business, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA

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