Science Policy Perspectives

Science Policy Perspectives

USA–Japan

1st Edition - January 1, 1982

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  • Editor: Arthur Gerstenfeld
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483263212

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Description

Science Policy Perspectives: USA-Japan is a collection of papers from the "Second Seminar on Science Policy" under the U.S.-Japan Cooperative Science Program held in Hawaii in August 1981. This collection presents an exchange of ideas between the Japan and the United States on each other's science policies. One paper confers the belief that basic and applied scientific research in America are fundamentally distinct. Political and administrative considerations influence perceptions of basic and applied research. Those responsible for framing and implementing science policies should have an alternative, two-dimensional view where basic and applied science does not exclude each other. In Japan, basic research is done in universities, applied research is made in national research institutes, while research and development is carried out by the private sector. Other papers address the policies of resource allocation in basic and applied research in the two countries, the practices of their respective governments, the cooperation of universities and industry, as well as patent policies for government supported research. This collection can prove useful for engineers, inventors, investigators in both government and privately funded research, and policy makers in government dealing with scientific research and development.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Part I: Perceptions of the Nature of Basic and Applied Science

    Perceptions of the Nature of Basic and Applied Science in the United States

    Perceptions on Basic and Applied Sciences in Japan

    Distinctions Between Basic and Applied Research

    Part II: Policies of Resource Allocation in Basic and Applied Research

    Cooperation Between Universities and Industries in Basic and Applied Science

    The Relationship Between National Goals and R&D Programs in Four United States Government Agencies

    Part III: Practices of Government for Basic and Applied Research Support

    Practices in United States Government Support for Basic Research

    Policies and Practices of Government Support for Basic and Applied Science

    The Theoretical Basis for Governmental Support of R&D: Traditional Arguments and New Realities

    Part IV: Cooperation of Universities and Industry in Basic and Applied Science

    The Role of American College and University Faculty in the Industrial Innovation Process

    University-Industry Cooperative Projects

    Part V: Patent Policies for Government-Supported Research

    United States Patent Policies for Government-Supported Research

    Patent Policies for Government-Supported Research (Japan)

    Patent Policies for Government-Supported Research (U.S.A.)

    The Handling of Patents for the Inventions of University Professors (Japan)

    Part VI: Summary

Product details

  • No. of pages: 378
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: January 1, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483263212

About the Editor

Arthur Gerstenfeld

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