Science Policy Perspectives - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122812804, 9781483263212

Science Policy Perspectives

1st Edition


Editors: Arthur Gerstenfeld
eBook ISBN: 9781483263212
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1982
Page Count: 378
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Science Policy Perspectives: USA-Japan is a collection of papers from the "Second Seminar on Science Policy" under the U.S.-Japan Cooperative Science Program held in Hawaii in August 1981. This collection presents an exchange of ideas between the Japan and the United States on each other's science policies. One paper confers the belief that basic and applied scientific research in America are fundamentally distinct. Political and administrative considerations influence perceptions of basic and applied research. Those responsible for framing and implementing science policies should have an alternative, two-dimensional view where basic and applied science does not exclude each other. In Japan, basic research is done in universities, applied research is made in national research institutes, while research and development is carried out by the private sector. Other papers address the policies of resource allocation in basic and applied research in the two countries, the practices of their respective governments, the cooperation of universities and industry, as well as patent policies for government supported research. This collection can prove useful for engineers, inventors, investigators in both government and privately funded research, and policy makers in government dealing with scientific research and development.

Table of Contents




Part I: Perceptions of the Nature of Basic and Applied Science

Perceptions of the Nature of Basic and Applied Science in the United States

Perceptions on Basic and Applied Sciences in Japan

Distinctions Between Basic and Applied Research

Part II: Policies of Resource Allocation in Basic and Applied Research

Cooperation Between Universities and Industries in Basic and Applied Science

The Relationship Between National Goals and R&D Programs in Four United States Government Agencies

Part III: Practices of Government for Basic and Applied Research Support

Practices in United States Government Support for Basic Research

Policies and Practices of Government Support for Basic and Applied Science

The Theoretical Basis for Governmental Support of R&D: Traditional Arguments and New Realities

Part IV: Cooperation of Universities and Industry in Basic and Applied Science

The Role of American College and University Faculty in the Industrial Innovation Process

University-Industry Cooperative Projects

Part V: Patent Policies for Government-Supported Research

United States Patent Policies for Government-Supported Research

Patent Policies for Government-Supported Research (Japan)

Patent Policies for Government-Supported Research (U.S.A.)

The Handling of Patents for the Inventions of University Professors (Japan)

Part VI: Summary


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© Academic Press 1982
Academic Press
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About the Editor

Arthur Gerstenfeld

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