Schooling in East Asia

Schooling in East Asia

Forces of Change

1st Edition - January 1, 1983

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  • Editors: R. Murray Thomas, T. Neville Postlethwaite
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483140643

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Description

Schooling in East Asia: Forces of Change focuses on the condition and backgrounds of formal and non-formal education in several East Asian countries, as well as the identification of the factors that have inspired the educational systems that these countries have taken up. The book takes into consideration the backgrounds of the educational system in Japan and China, noting the different social structures that were prevalent there. The text explains how leaders of every social structure have a great influence on the form of education of their people. Relatively, the development of the educational system in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, North Korea, and South Korea is discussed. Educational policies, purpose of education, educational administration, and curriculum development are also considered. The text also gives emphasis on the forces that influenced the change in the educational system in these countries, including the educational attainment of teachers, teaching materials, curricula, and teaching methodology. A comparative appraisal of the educational system of these countries is also presented. The book is an important reference for scholars who are involved in promoting education, particularly curriculum development and implementation of schemes aimed at improving education.

Table of Contents


  • List of Illustrations

    Chapter 1. Describing Change and Estimating Its Causes

    An Influential Past

    The Purpose of the Book

    The Structure of the Country Chapters

    A Model for Analyzing Causal Forces

    Seven Types of Significant Forces

    Conclusion

    References

    Part I: The Case of Japan — A Prologue

    Backgrounds of Japanese Education

    Forces of Educational Change in Japan

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 2. Japan

    Demographic, Economic, and Political Conditions

    The Aims of Schooling

    The Structure of the System

    Educational Administration

    Curriculum Development and Teaching Methodology

    Examining, Promoting, and Certifying Students

    Supplying Educational Personnel

    Prospects for the Future

    References

    Part II: The Two Chinas — A Prologue

    Political Change and Schooling 1900-1948

    Forces of Change: A Comparison

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 3. The Republic of China (Taiwan)

    Interacting Forces from Socio-economic Planning and the Educational System

    The Political Ideal and Educational Policy

    Educational Progress and the Evolving Schooling Structure

    Educational Administration — Its Political Setting and Historical Background

    Curricula and Teaching Methods

    The Role of Examinations

    The Social Status and Education of Teachers

    Future Problems and Plans

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 4. The People's Republic of China (Mainland China)

    Socio-political Backgrounds

    Pedagogical Goals

    The Education System: General

    The Education System: Formal

    The Education System: Nonformal

    Educational Administration and Supervision

    Curriculum Development and Teaching Methodology

    Examinations and Certification

    Educational Personnel: Training and Supply

    Future Plans and Problems

    References

    Part III: The Two Koreas — A Prologue

    Political Events and Schooling in Korea before 1945

    Forces of Change: A Comparison

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 5. The Republic of Korea (South Korea)

    The Geographic and Socio-political Setting

    Educational Aims

    The Structure and Growth of the Education System

    Educational Administration

    Curriculum Development and Instruction

    The Entrance Examination System

    Supplying Educational Personnel

    Educational Research Activities

    Prospects for Future Development

    References

    Chapter 6. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea)

    Goals, Growth and Structural Change

    The Regular School System

    Nonformal and Informal Education

    The Administrative System

    Curriculum Development

    Teaching Methodology

    Providing Educational Personnel

    Future Prospects

    References

    Part IV: The Two Colonies — A Prologue

    Forces of Educational Change in the Colonies

    Conclusion

    Reference

    Chapter 7. Hong Kong

    Six Facets of Hong Kong Society

    Geographic and Socio-political Influences

    Educational Goals

    Structure of the Education Effort

    Educational Administration and Supervision

    Curriculum Development and Teaching Methodology

    Student Examinations, Promotion, and Certificates

    Supplying Educational Personnel

    Future Plans and Problems

    References

    Chapter 8. Macau

    The Structure and Extent of Schooling

    Curricula and Teaching Materials

    Educational Personnel

    Future Prospects

    References

    Chapter 9. Country Comparisons and Future Prospects

    A Comparative Appraisal of the Seven Countries

    Prospects for the Years Ahead

    References

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 364
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1983
  • Published: January 1, 1983
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483140643

About the Editors

R. Murray Thomas

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Education, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA

T. Neville Postlethwaite

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