Schooling in East Asia - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080308593, 9781483140643

Schooling in East Asia

1st Edition

Forces of Change

Editors: R. Murray Thomas T. Neville Postlethwaite
eBook ISBN: 9781483140643
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1983
Page Count: 364
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Schooling in East Asia: Forces of Change focuses on the condition and backgrounds of formal and non-formal education in several East Asian countries, as well as the identification of the factors that have inspired the educational systems that these countries have taken up.

The book takes into consideration the backgrounds of the educational system in Japan and China, noting the different social structures that were prevalent there. The text explains how leaders of every social structure have a great influence on the form of education of their people. Relatively, the development of the educational system in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, North Korea, and South Korea is discussed. Educational policies, purpose of education, educational administration, and curriculum development are also considered.

The text also gives emphasis on the forces that influenced the change in the educational system in these countries, including the educational attainment of teachers, teaching materials, curricula, and teaching methodology. A comparative appraisal of the educational system of these countries is also presented.

The book is an important reference for scholars who are involved in promoting education, particularly curriculum development and implementation of schemes aimed at improving education.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Chapter 1. Describing Change and Estimating Its Causes

An Influential Past

The Purpose of the Book

The Structure of the Country Chapters

A Model for Analyzing Causal Forces

Seven Types of Significant Forces



Part I: The Case of Japan — A Prologue

Backgrounds of Japanese Education

Forces of Educational Change in Japan



Chapter 2. Japan

Demographic, Economic, and Political Conditions

The Aims of Schooling

The Structure of the System

Educational Administration

Curriculum Development and Teaching Methodology

Examining, Promoting, and Certifying Students

Supplying Educational Personnel

Prospects for the Future


Part II: The Two Chinas — A Prologue

Political Change and Schooling 1900-1948

Forces of Change: A Comparison



Chapter 3. The Republic of China (Taiwan)

Interacting Forces from Socio-economic Planning and the Educational System

The Political Ideal and Educational Policy

Educational Progress and the Evolving Schooling Structure

Educational Administration — Its Political Setting and Historical Background

Curricula and Teaching Methods

The Role of Examinations

The Social Status and Education of Teachers

Future Problems and Plans



Chapter 4. The People's Republic of China (Mainland China)

Socio-political Backgrounds

Pedagogical Goals

The Education System: General

The Education System: Formal

The Education System: Nonformal

Educational Administration and Supervision

Curriculum Development and Teaching Methodology

Examinations and Certification

Educational Personnel: Training and Supply

Future Plans and Problems


Part III: The Two Koreas — A Prologue

Political Events and Schooling in Korea before 1945

Forces of Change: A Comparison



Chapter 5. The Republic of Korea (South Korea)

The Geographic and Socio-political Setting

Educational Aims

The Structure and Growth of the Education System

Educational Administration

Curriculum Development and Instruction

The Entrance Examination System

Supplying Educational Personnel

Educational Research Activities

Prospects for Future Development


Chapter 6. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea)

Goals, Growth and Structural Change

The Regular School System

Nonformal and Informal Education

The Administrative System

Curriculum Development

Teaching Methodology

Providing Educational Personnel

Future Prospects


Part IV: The Two Colonies — A Prologue

Forces of Educational Change in the Colonies



Chapter 7. Hong Kong

Six Facets of Hong Kong Society

Geographic and Socio-political Influences

Educational Goals

Structure of the Education Effort

Educational Administration and Supervision

Curriculum Development and Teaching Methodology

Student Examinations, Promotion, and Certificates

Supplying Educational Personnel

Future Plans and Problems


Chapter 8. Macau

The Structure and Extent of Schooling

Curricula and Teaching Materials

Educational Personnel

Future Prospects


Chapter 9. Country Comparisons and Future Prospects

A Comparative Appraisal of the Seven Countries

Prospects for the Years Ahead




No. of pages:
© Pergamon 1983
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

R. Murray Thomas

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Education, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA

T. Neville Postlethwaite

Ratings and Reviews