Contributors Preface List of Volumes in Treatise
Theory of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy. by J. Tersoff and N.D. Lang 1.1 Basic Principles 1.2 Theory of STm Imaging 1.3 Metal Surfaces: STM as Surface Topography 1.4 Semiconducting Surfaces: Role of Surface Electronic Structure 1.5 Adsorbates on Metal Surfaces 1.6 Close Approach of the Tip: The Strong-Coupling Regime 1.7 Tunneling Spectroscopy 1.8 Mechanical Tip-Sampling Interactions
Design Considerations for an STM System.
by S.-I. Park and R.C. Barrett 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Thworetical Considerations 2.3 Mechanical Structure and Components 2.4 Control Electronics 2.5 Common Problems and Further Improvements Acknowledgments References
Extensions of STM. by H.K. Wickramasinghe 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Historical 3.3 STM and Some Extensions 3.4 Near-Field Thermal Microscopy and Extensions 3.5 Scanning Force Microscopy and Applications 3.6 Conclusion References
Methods of Tunneling Spectroscopy.
by J.A. Stroscio and R.M.Feenstra 4.1 Instrumentation 4.2 General Current versus Voltage Characteristics 4.3 Voltage-Dependent Imaging Measurements 4.4 Fixed Separation I-V Measurements 4.5 Variable Separation Measurements References
Semiconductor Surfaces. 5.1 Silicon by R. Becker and R. Wolkow, References 5.2 Germanium by R. Becker References 5.3 Gallium Arsenide by R. M. Feenstra and J. A. Strocio References
Metal Surfaces. by Y. Kuk 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Corrugation Amplitudes and the Tunneling Tip 6.3 Tunneling Spectroscopy of Metal Surfaces 6.4 Clean Metal Surfaces 6.5 Adsorbate on Metal Surfaces 6.6 Conclusion Acknowledgment References
Ballistic Electron Emission Microscopy. by L.D. Bell, W.J. Kaiser, M.H. Hecht, and L.C. Davis 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Theory 7.3 Experimental Details 7.4 Results 7.5 Conclusions Acknowledgment References
8 Charge-Density Waves. by R.V. Coleman, Z. Dai, W.W.McNairy, C.G. Slough, and C. Wang 8.1 Transition Metal Chalcogenides 8.2 Charge-Density Wave Formation 8.3 Charge-Density Wave in Transition Metal Chalcogenides 8.4 Experimental STM and AFM Response to CDW Structures 8.5 Experimentsl Techniques 8.6 1T Phase Transition Metal Dichalcogenides 8.7 2H Phase Transition Metal Dichalcogenides 8.8 4Hb Phase Transition Metal Dichalcogenides 8.9 Linear Chain Transition Metal Traichalcogenides 8.10 Conclusions Acknowledgments References
- Superconductors by H.F. Hess 9.1 Introduction 9.2 The Superconducting State 9.3 Experimentsl Techniques for STM on Superconductors 9.4 Spectrum in Zero Fiels 9.5 Vortex Data 9.6 Interpretation 9.7 Conclusion References
Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and its extensions have become revolutionary tools in the fields of physics, materials science, chemistry, and biology. These new microscopies have evolved from their beginnings asresearch aids to their current use as commercial tools in the laboratory and on the factory floor. New wonders continue to unfold as STM delivers atomic scale imaging and electrical characterization of the newly emerging nanometer world. This volume in the METHODS OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS Series describes the basics of scanning tunneling microscopy, provides a fundamental theoretical understanding of the technique and a thorough description of the instrumentation, and examines numerous examples and applications. Written by the pioneers of the field, this volume is an essential handbook for researchers and users of STM, as well as a valuable resource for libraries.
Graduate students in physical science and engineering, especially surface science.
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 1993
- 29th September 1994
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN:
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, U.S.A.
Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Jet Propulsion Laboratory