Following the collection of a sample, every analytical chemist will agree that its subsequent preservation and processing are of paramount importance. The availability of high performance analytical instrumentation has not diminished this need for careful selection of appropriate pretreatment methodologies, intelligently designed to synergistically elicit optimum function from these powerful measurement tools. Sample Preparation for Trace Element Analysis is a modern, comprehensive treatise, providing an account of the state-of-the art on the subject matter. The book has been conceived and designed to satisfy the varied needs of the practicing analytical chemist. It is a multi-author work, reflecting the diverse expertise arising from its highly qualified contributors. The first five chapters deal with general issues related to the determination of trace metals in varied matrices, such as sampling, contamination control, reference materials, calibration and detection techniques. The second part of the book deals with extraction and sampling technologies (totaling 15 chapters), providing theoretical and practical hints for the users on how to perform specific extractions. Subsequent chapters overview seven major representative matrices and the sample preparation involved in their characterization. This portion of the book is heavily based on the preceding chapters dealing with extraction technologies. The last ten chapters are dedicated to sample preparation for trace element speciation.

Key Features

- First title to provide comprehensive sample preparation information, dealing specifically with the analysis of samples for trace elements. - The 39 chapters are authored by international leaders of their fields.


Anyone required to undertakes trace metal analysis, including those in academic chemistry, geoscience and food science departments, federal regulatory agencies such as the FDA and EPA, as well as national bodies associated with geology, agriculture, etc. Additionally, contract environmental based laboratories and various industries such as food, oil and microelectronics.

Table of Contents

1. Sampling and Sample Preservation for Trace Element Analysis (B.G. Kratochvil).
2. Sources of Analyte Contamination and Loss during the Analytical Process (P. Schramel, G. Knapp.
3. Calibration approaches for trace element determination (D.C. Baxter, I. Rodushkin).
4. Stated references for ensuring traceability of trace element analysis (Ph. Quevauviller).
5. Detection Methods for the Quantitation of Trace Elements (L. Ebdon et al.).
Digestion and extraction approaches.
6. Wet digestion methods (H. Matusiewicz).
7. Dry ashing (M. Hoenig).
8 Microwave based extraction (E.E. King, D. Barclay).
9. Fusion and fluxes (F. Claisse). 10. Supercritical fluid extraction (J.M. Bayona et al.).
11. Accelerated Solvent Extraction of Organometallic and Inorganic Compounds (J. Ezzell).
12. Sonication as sample preparation method for elemental analysis (K. Ashley).
13. Solid Phase Microextraction as a Tool for Trace Element determination (Z. Mester, R. Sturgeon).
14. Solid phase extraction (V. Camel).
15. Chelation solvent extraction for separation of metal ions (Taketoshi Nakahara, Hideyuki Itabashi).
16. Cryogenic trapping for speciation analysis (O.F.X. Donard et al.).
17. Biotrapping as an alternative to metal preconcentration and speciation (C. Camara, Y. Madrid).
18. Membrane extraction (Jan &Åring;ke J&öuml;nsson, L. Mathiasson).
19. Derivatization and Vapor Generation Methods for Trace Element Analysis and Speciation (Yong Cai).
20. Laser ablation sampling (R.E Russo, D.P. Baldwin).
21. Flow injection techniques for sample pretreatment (Zhao-Lun Fang).
22. Automation o


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© 2004
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
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About the editors

Zoltan Mester

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute for National Measurement Standards, National Research Council, Ottawa, Canada

Ralph Sturgeon

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute for National Measurement Standards, National Research Council, Ottawa, Canada


@qu: "In summary, this book provides valuable information and means a vast effort to cope with modern sample preparation techniques for trace element analysis and speciation. The wide scope covered makes it recommendable to academics, routine, laboratories and organisation dealing with trace element analysis. There is no doubt that the editors have achieved a leading book in this field for many years to come." @source: Carlos Bendicho, University of Vigo, Spain, SPECTROCHIMICA ACTA, PART B, Vol.59, 2004 @qu: "In conclusion, this book gives an extensive review of sample-preparation techniques that can be used for trace-element determination, with specific applications in some case studies. In addition, most chapters give an extensive, recent bibliography on the subject. Despite its broad coverage, it is well organised, and it would be very useful for scientists working in that field, especially as there are numerous detailed applications." @source: Douglas N. Rutledge, Paris, France, TRENDS IN ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, Vol. 23, No. 5, 2004