Safety Design for Space Systems

1st Edition

Authors: Gary Musgrave Ph.D Axel Larsen Tommaso Sgobba
Hardcover ISBN: 9780750685801
eBook ISBN: 9780080559223
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 17th March 2009
Page Count: 992
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Progress in space safety lies in the acceptance of safety design and engineering as an integral part of the design and implementation process for new space systems. Safety must be seen as the principle design driver of utmost importance from the outset of the design process, which is only achieved through a culture change that moves all stakeholders toward front-end loaded safety concepts. This approach entails a common understanding and mastering of basic principles of safety design for space systems at all levels of the program organisation.

Fully supported by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS), written by the leading figures in the industry, with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station, this book provides a comprehensive reference for aerospace engineers in industry.

It addresses each of the key elements that impact on space systems safety, including: the space environment (natural and induced); human physiology in space; human rating factors; emergency capabilities; launch propellants and oxidizer systems; life support systems; battery and fuel cell safety; nuclear power generators (NPG) safety; habitat activities; fire protection; safety-critical software development; collision avoidance systems design; operations and on-orbit maintenance.

Key Features

  • The only comprehensive space systems safety reference, its must-have status within space agencies and suppliers, technical and aerospace libraries is practically guaranteed
  • Written by the leading figures in the industry from NASA, ESA, JAXA, (et cetera), with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle, small and large satellite systems, and the International Space Station.
  • Superb quality information for engineers, programme managers, suppliers and aerospace technologists; fully supported by the IAASS (International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety)


Aerospace engineers in industry, space agencies and consulting firms, and also be suitable for use as a reference for senior and graduate level courses. In terms of sales the market is expected to be aerospace and high technology companies, space agencies, consulting firms and the academic market in that order of importance

Table of Contents

About the Editors Foreword Preface Contributors 1 Introduction to Space Safety 1.1 NASA and Safety 1.2 Definition of Safety and Risk 1.3 Managing Safety and Risk 1.4 The Book References 2 The Space Environment: Natural and Induced 2.1 The Atmosphere 2.1.1 Composition 2.1.2 Atomic Oxygen 2.1.3 The Ionosphere 2.2 Orbital Debris and Meteoroids 2.2.1 Orbital Debris 2.2.2 Meteoroids 2.3 Microgravity 2.3.1 Microgravity Defined 2.3.2 Methods of Attainment 2.3.3 Effects on Biological Processes and Astronaut Health 2.3.4 Unique Aspects of Travel to the Moon and Planetary Bodies Recommended Reading 2.4 Acoustics 2.4.1 Acoustics Safety Issues 2.4.2 Acoustic Requirements 2.4.3 Compliance and Verification 2.4.4 Conclusion and Recommendations Recommended Reading 2.5 Radiation 2.5.1 Ionizing Radiation 2.5.2 Radio-Frequency Radiation 2.6 Natural and Induced Thermal Environments 2.6.1 Introduction to the Thermal Environment 2.6.2 Spacecraft Heat0Transfer Considerations 2.6.3 The Natural Thermal Environment 2.6.4 The Induced Thermal Environment 2.6.5 Other Lunar and Planetary Environment Considerations 2.7 Combined Environmental Effects 2.7.1 Introduction to Environmental Effects 2.7.2 Combined Environments 2.7.3 Combined Effects 2.7.4 Ground Testing for Space Simulation References 3 Overview of Bioastronautics 3.1 Space Physiology 3.1.1 Muscular System 3.1.2 Skeletal Sys


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About the Author

Gary Musgrave Ph.D

Axel Larsen

Tommaso Sgobba

Until October 2012 Tommaso Sgobba has been responsible for flight safety at the European Space Agency (ESA), including human-rated systems, spacecraft re-entries, space debris, use of nuclear power sources, and planetary protection. He joined the European Space Agency in 1989, after 13 years in the aeronautical industry. Initially he supported the developments of the Ariane 5 launcher, several earth observation and meteorological satellites, and the early phase of the Hermes spaceplane. Later he became product assurance and safety manager for all European manned missions on Shuttle, MIR station, and for the European research facilities for the International Space Station. He chaired for 10 years the ESA ISS Payload Safety Review Panel, He was also instrumental in setting up the ESA Re-entry Safety Review Panel. Tommaso Sgobba holds an M.S. in Aeronautical Engineering from the Polytechnic of Turin (Italy), where he was also professor of space system safety (1999-2001). He has published several articles and papers on space safety, and co-edited the text book “Safety Design for Space Systems”, published in 2009 by Elsevier, that was also published later in Chinese. He co-edited the book entitled “The Need for an Integrated Regulatory Regime for Aviation and Space”, published by Springer in 2011. He is member of the editorial board of the Space Safety Magazine. Tommaso Sgobba received the NASA recognition for outstanding contribution to the International Space Station in 2004, and the prestigious NASA Space Flight Awareness (SFA) Award in 2007.

Affiliations and Expertise

President, International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS) and former Head of the Independent Safety Office, European Space Agency (ESA), Noordwijk, The Netherlands