Safety at Work

Safety at Work

3rd Edition - August 27, 1990

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  • Editor: John R. Ridley
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483193748

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Description

Safety at Work features articles from 25 specialist contributors written in association with the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health. This third edition of the book contains revisions to reflect developments in health and safety legislation and to rationalize the structure of some of the chapters. This book is organized into 31 chapters. Several chapters from the second edition were revised. Chapters on occupational safety law were combined into one chapter. The Management Techniques and Behavioral Science chapters were also combined in to Management of Risk to reflect the growing importance of broad based risk control strategies. A chapter on the employer's obligations for safety was included to replace the behavioral science techniques chapter and the practical day-to-day engineering application of physics and chemistry techniques was retitled Engineering science. A new chapter on the safe use of chemicals has also been added to cover with the important field covered by the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1988. This book will be of interest to occupational safety professionals and others interested in workplace safety.

Table of Contents


  • Part 1 Law

    1 Explaining the Law Brenda Watts

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 The Incident

    1.3 Some Possible Actions Arising from the Incident

    1.4 Legal Issues of the Incident

    1.5 Criminal and Civil Law

    1.6 Branches of Law

    1.7 Law and Fact

    1.8 The Courts

    1.9 Judicial Precedent

    1.10 Court Procedure

    1.11 Identity of Court Personnel

    1.12 Industrial Tribunals

    1.13 European Community Courts

    1.14 Sources of English Law

    1.15 Legislation

    1.16 Safety Legislation before the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act

    1.17 Principles Developed by the Courts

    2 Principal Health and Safety Acts S. Simpson

    2.1 The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974

    2.2 The Factories Act 1961

    2.3 The Offices, Shops and Railway Premises Act 1963

    2.4 The Fire Precautions Act 1971

    2.5 The Mines and Quarries Acts 1954-71

    2.6 The Control of Pollution Act 1974

    2.7 The Road Traffic Acts 1972-74

    2.8 The Public Health Act 1936

    2.9 Petroleum (Consolidation) Act 1928

    2.10 Crown Premises

    2.11 Other Acts Listed in Schedule 1 of the HSW Act

    3 Subordinate Safety Legislation S.Simpson

    3.1 Abrasive Wheels Regulations 1970

    3.2 The Construction (General Provisions) Regulations 1961

    3.3 The Construction (Health and Welfare) Regulations 1966

    3.4 The Construction (Lifting Operations) Regulations 1961

    3.5 The Construction (Working Places) Regulations 1966

    3.6 The Asbestos at Work Regulations 1989

    3.7 The Asbestos (Licensing) Regulations 1983

    3.8 The Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards Regulations 1984

    3.9 The Control of Lead At Work Regulations 1980

    3.10 The Control of Pollution (Special Waste) Regulations 1980

    3.11 The Control of Pollution (Supply and Use of Injurious Substances) Regulations 1980

    3.12 The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1988

    3.13 The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989

    3.14 The Fire Certificates (Special Premises) Regulations 1976

    3.15 The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 (Application Outside Great Britain) Order 1989

    3.16 The Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981

    3.17 Highly Flammable Liquids and Liquefied Petroleum Gases Regulations 1972

    3.18 The Ionizing Radiations Regulations 1985

    3.19 The Power Presses Regulations 1965-72

    3.20 The Protection of the Eyes Regulations 1974

    3.21 The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1985

    3.22 The Safety Representatives and Safety Committee Regulations 1977

    3.23 The Safety Signs Regulations 1980

    3.24 The Woodworking Machines Regulations 1974

    3.25 The Noise at Work Regulations 1989

    4 Law of Contract

    4.1 Contracts

    4.2 Contracts of Employment

    4.3 Employment Legislation

    4.4 Law of Sale

    4.5 Specialized Legislation Affecting Occupational Safety Advisers

    5 Industrial Relations Law

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Employment Law

    5.3 Discrimination

    5.4 Procedures Before Dismissal

    5.5 Dismissal

    5.6 Reasons for Dismissal

    5.7 Summary

    6 Consumer Protection

    6.1 Fair Conditions of Contract

    6.2 A Fair Quality of Goods and Services

    6.3 Product Liability

    6.4 Misleading Advertising

    6.5 Exclusion Clauses 109

    6.6 Consumer Redress 109

    7 Insurance Cover and Compensation

    7.1 Workmen's Compensation and The State Insurance Scheme

    7.2 Employer's Liability Insurance

    7.3 Public Liability Insurance

    7.4 Investigation, Negotiation and the Quantum of Damage

    7.5 General

    8 Civil Liability

    8.1 The Common Law and Its Development

    8.2 The Law of Tort

    8.3 Occupier's Liability Acts 1957 and 1984

    8.4 Manufacturers 130

    8.5 Employer's Liability

    8.6 Employer's Liability (Defective Equipment) Act 1969

    8.7 Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974

    8.8 Defenses to A Civil Liability Claim

    8.9 Volenti Non Fit Injuria

    8.10 Limitation

    8.11 Assessment of Damages

    8.12 Fatal Accidents

    Part 11 The Management of Risk

    9 Principles of the Management

    9.1 Principles of Action Necessary to Prevent Accidents

    9.2 Definitions of Hazard

    9.3 Risk Management

    9.4 Loss Control

    9.5 Degrees of Hazard

    9.6 Accident Causation Models

    9.7 Accident Prevention: Legal, Humanitarian and Economic Reasons for Action

    10 Risk Management: Techniques and Practices

    10.1 Risk Identification, Evaluation and Control

    10.2 Job Safety Analysis

    10.3 System Safety

    10.4 Systems Theory and Design

    10.5 System Safety Engineering

    10.6 Fault-Tree Analysis

    10.7 Probabilistic Risk Assessments

    10.8 Health and Safety in Design and Planning

    10.9 Safety and Quality Assurance

    10.10 Use of Data on Accidents

    10.11 Maintenance Systems and Planned Maintenance

    10.12 Damage Control

    10.13 Cost-Effectiveness of Risk Management

    10.14 Performance Evaluation and Appraisal

    10.15 Loss Control Profiling

    11 Accident Investigation and Reporting

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Statutory Requirements

    11.3 Learning of the Event

    11.4 Arriving at the Scene

    11.5 Investigation

    11.6 Investigation Report

    11.7 Accident Investigation Checklist

    11.8 Typical Information Required after a Lost-Time Accident

    11.9 Legal Status of Accident Reports

    12 Records and Statistics

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Statistical Analysis

    12.3 Descriptive Statistics

    12.4 Summary Statistics

    12.5 Specialized Accident Statistics

    12.6 Specialized Techniques: Probability and Statistical Significance

    12.7 The Use of Computers

    12.8 Coda

    13 The Individual Professor

    13.1 What is Behavioral Science?

    13.2 The Relevance of Behavioral Science to Health and Safety

    13.3 The Human Being as a System

    13.4 Facets of Human Behavior

    13.5 Types of Error

    13.6 Individual Behavior in the Face of Danger

    13.7 Change

    13.8 Methods of Change and Control

    14 Organization for Safety

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Structure and Functions of an Organization

    14.3 Formal Organization Structure

    14.4 Organizational Control

    14.5 Conflict

    14.6 Organizational Techniques

    14.7 Safety Organizations

    14.8 Workplace Safety Organization

    14.9 Summary

    15 Employer's Obligations for Safety

    15.1 Duties of Care

    15.2 Use, Handling and Storage

    15.3 Transport

    15.4 Safe Access and Egress

    15.5 Environment

    15.6 Safety Policy

    15.7 Organization

    15.8 Arrangements

    15.9 Monitoring Safety

    15.10 Training

    15.11 Use of Information

    15.12 Work at Unfenced Machinery

    15.13 Systems of Work

    15.14 Permits-to-Work

    15.15 Locking off

    15.16 Emergency Services

    15.17 Designing out Hazards

    15.18 Welfare Facilities

    15.19 Employment Law

    15.20 Discrimination Laws

    15.21 Summary

    Part 111 Occupational Health and Hygiene

    16 The Structure and Functions of the Human Body

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 History

    16.3 The Functions of an Occupational Health Department

    16.4 Overseas Developments

    16.5 Risks To Health at Work

    16.6 Occupational Hygiene

    16.7 First Aid

    16.8 Basic Human Anatomy and Physiology

    16.9 Cancer and Other Problems of Cell Growth

    17 Occupational Diseases

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Toxicology

    17.3 Diseases of the Skin

    17.4 Diseases of the Respiratory System

    17.5 Diseases from Metals

    17.6 Pesticides

    17.7 Solvents

    17.8 Gassing

    17.9 Occupational Cancer

    17.10 Hepatitis

    17.11 Oxygen Deficiency

    17.12 Ionizing Radiations

    17.13 Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

    17.14 Working In Heat

    17.15 Industrial Disease and Disablement Benefit

    17.16 Reporting of Diseases

    17.17 Target Organs

    18 Occupational Hygiene

    18.1 Recognition

    18.2 Evaluation

    18.3 Control Measures

    18.4 Summary

    19 Radiation

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Structure of Matter

    19.3 Radioactivity

    19.4 Ionizing Radiation

    19.5 Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation

    19.6 Quantities and Units

    19.7 Basic Principles of Radiological Protection

    19.8 Legal Requirements

    19.9 National Radiological Protection Board

    19.10 Incidents and Emergencies

    19.11 Non-Ionizing Radiation

    20 Noise and Vibration

    20.1 What is Sound?

    20.2 Other Terms Commonly Found in Acoustics

    20.3 Transmission of Sound

    20.4 The Sound Level Meter

    20.5 The Ear

    20.6 The Equivalent Noise Level

    20.7 Community Noise Levels

    20.8 Noise Control Techniques

    20.9 Vibration

    20.10 Legislation

    20.11 Summary

    21 Workplace Pollution, Heat and Ventilation

    21.1 Methods of Assessment of Workplace Air Pollution

    21.2 Measurement of the Thermal Environment

    21.3 Standards for Workplace Environments

    21.4 Ventilation Control of a Workplace Environment

    21.5 Assessment of Performance of Ventilation Systems

    22 Lighting

    22.1 Introduction

    22.2 Physics of The Eye

    22.3 Eye Conditions

    22.4 Definitions

    22.5 Types of Lighting

    22.6 Levels of Illuminance

    22.7 Factors Affecting the Quality of Lighting

    22.8 Use of Light Measuring Instruments

    23 Ergonomics and Human Error

    23.1 Introduction

    23.2 Basic Philosophy

    23.3 Human Error

    23.4 Anthropometry and Machine Guarding

    23.5 Manual Handling

    23.6 Concluding Remarks

    Part IV General Science

    24 Engineering Science

    24.1 Introduction

    24.2 Structure of Matter

    24.3 Properties of Chemicals

    24.4 Physical Properties

    24.5 Energy and Work

    24.6 Mechanics

    24.7 Strength of Materials

    24.8 Failures

    24.9 Testing

    24.10 Hydraulics

    24.11 Summary

    25. Fire Precautions

    25.1 Introduction

    25.2 Basic Fire Knowledge

    25.3 Classification of Fires

    25.4 Ignition Sources and Their Control

    25.5 Combustion

    25.6 Protection against Fire

    25.7 Extinction

    25.8 Fire Fighting

    25.9 Legal Requirements

    26 Machinery Hazards Professor

    26.1 Introduction

    26.2 Sources of Information

    26.3 Identification of Agents of Danger

    26.4 Risk Assessment

    26.5 Risk Reduction

    26.6 Description and Selection of Safeguards

    26.7 Anthropometric Aspects of Machinery Guarding

    26.8 Summary Checklist for Machinery Safety

    27 Mechanical Handling

    27.1 Internal Powered Trucks

    27.2 Cranes

    27.3 Conveyors

    27.4 Conclusion

    28 Electricity

    28.1 Alternating and Direct Currents

    28.2 Electricity Supply

    28.3 Statutory Requirements

    28.4 Voltage Levels

    28.5 Electrical Accidents

    28.6 The Basic Electrical Circuit

    28.7 Dangers from Electricity

    28.8 Protective Means

    28.9 Competency

    28.10 Permits-to-Work

    28.11 Static Electricity

    28.12 Electrical Equipment in Flammable Atmospheres

    28.13 Portable Tools

    28.14 Residual Current Devices

    28.15 Maintenance

    28.16 Conclusion

    29 Statutory Engineering Inspections

    29.1 Introduction

    29.2 Legislation

    29.3 Pressure Vessels

    29.4 Lifting and Handling Plant

    29.5 Power Presses

    29.6 Local Exhaust Ventilation

    29.7 Electrical Installations

    29.8 General Considerations

    29.9 Conclusion

    30 Safety On Construction Sites

    30.1 Construction Accidents

    30.2 Safe Working in the Industry

    30.3 Site Hazards

    30.4 The Construction (Working Places) Regulations 1966

    30.5 The Construction (Lifting Operations) Regulations 1961

    30.6 The Construction (Health and Welfare) Regulations 1966

    30.7 Other Relevant Legislation

    31 Safe Use of Chemicals

    31.1 Introduction

    31.2 The Golden Rule

    31.3 Finding Out The Hazards

    31.4 Assessing the Risk

    31.5 Devising a Strategy

    31.6 Legislative Requirements

    31.7 Plant Design

    31.8 Safe Systems of Work 695

    31.9 Transport

    31.10 Storage

    31.11 Laboratories

    31.12 Waste Disposal

    31.13 Emergency Procedures

    31.14 Conclusions

    Appendix 1 Membership of the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health

    Appendix 2 List of Official Safety Guidance Booklets

    Appendix 3 List of Abbreviations

    Appendix 4 Organizations Providing Safety Information

    Appendix 5 List of Statutes, Regulations and Orders

    Appendix 6 List of Cases

    Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 776
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1990
  • Published: August 27, 1990
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483193748

About the Editor

John R. Ridley

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