This book describes different types of rubber-pad forming processes currently being studied for their experimental and numerical advantages and disadvantages. Rubber forming adopts a rubber pad contained in a rigid box in which one of the tools (die or punch) is replaced by the rubber pad. Up to 60% of all sheet metal parts in aircraft industry such as frames, seat parts, ribs, windows and doors are fabricated using rubber-pad forming processes. Key process parameters such as rubber material, stamping velocity, rubber-pad hardness and thickness and friction conditions are investigated.

Key Features

  • The potential role of rubber as a flexible punch in metal working processes is to give insight to engineers about different parts that can be produced using this process
  • The procedure of suitable die design for each process is presented in detail
  • Full defect analysis is undertaken with a thorough report presented to optimize rubber-pad forming processes


Mechanical, industrial, and manufacturing engineers and students, process engineers and product design engineers.

Table of Contents

Introduction to sheet metal forming processes; Principles of rubber pad forming; Characteristics of elastomer materials; Forming of shallow parts using rubber tools; Piercing of sheet metals using rubber punch; Deep drawing of sheet metals using friction-actuated blank-holding technique; Deep drawing using Verson hydroforming process; Deep drawing of sheet metals by Marform technique; Deep drawing of sheet metals by Maslennikov’s technique; Tube bulging using rubber rods.


No. of pages:
© 2012
Woodhead Publishing
Print ISBN:
Electronic ISBN:

About the authors

Maziar Ramezani

Dr Maziar Ramezani is currently a researcher at Centre for Infrastructure Engineering and Safety, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of New South Wales, Australia

Zaidi Mohd Ripin

Dr Zaidi Mohd Ripin is Associate Professor and Dean of School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia.

Affiliations and Expertise

Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia