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Understanding the mechanism and behaviour of rivers flowing in alluvium is a most challenging subject. The conditions presented by a natural river are far from simple: the flow varies with location and time, and the granular structure and cohesive properties of the alluvium are rarely homogeneous. River Mechanics addresses this subject and aims to improve the understanding and formulation of the fluvial processes which occur in rivers. Topics covered include the interpretation of turbulence in the light of recent advances in the field, and current thinking on the regime concept.
For graduate students and researchers in hydraulic engineering, geomorphology, physical geography and other disciplines concerned with the behaviour and evolution of rivers. Also of interest to practising professionals.
Table of Contents
- Chapter and section headings: Preface. List of relevant symbols. Fundamentals. Width-to-depth ratio of a river. Dimensional methods. Two-phase motion and its dimensionless variables. Mechanical properties of flow. Sediment transport. Granular skin roughness. Transport continuity equation. Data-plots. References. Turbulence. Bursting processes. Turbulence scales. Horizontal turbulence. References. Bed Forms and Friction Factor. Classification of bed forms. Formation of bed forms. Steepness of bed forms. Existence regions of bed forms. Experimental data and bed form equations. Friction factor. References. References A: sources of dune and ripple data. References B: sources of bar data. References C: sources of friction factor data. Regime Channels. Part I. Regime concept. Extremal (or rational) methods. Dimensionless formulation of the regime channel R. (Fr → min) - the basis of regime development. Regime equations. Computation of B
R, h Rand S R. Regime channel development. Part II. Regime cross-section. References. References A: table 4.1. References B: sources of data used for regime plots. Meandering and Braiding. Part I: meandering. Meander geometry. Origin of meanders. Meander kinematics (schematical outline). Meander dynamics (schematical outline). Part II: braiding. Origin of braiding. Development of braiding. References. References A: sources of meandering and braiding river data. Subject index.
128 illus., 447 lit refs.
- Language: English
- Copyright: © Pergamon 1992
- Published: November 23, 1992
- Imprint: Pergamon
- eBook ISBN: 9781483287294
About the Author
Affiliations and Expertise
Emeritus Professor of Civil Engineering, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada
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