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Rick Gallahers MPLS Training Guide - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781932266009, 9780080480718

Rick Gallahers MPLS Training Guide

1st Edition

Building Multi Protocol Label Switching Networks

Author: Syngress
Paperback ISBN: 9781932266009
eBook ISBN: 9780080480718
Imprint: Syngress
Published Date: 20th November 2003
Page Count: 400
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Rick Gallahers MPLS Training Guide introduces readers to mpls concepts, installation, migration, operation, inspection, and troubleshooting. It discusses specific router and switch platforms and includes such topics as frame-mode mpls, cell-mode mpls, label distribution protocol, tag distribution protocol, label distribution protocol migration, mpls configuration, traffic engineering, mpls vpns, mpls vpn deployment models, mpls vpn routing protocol support, multi-protocol bgp, mpls vpn configurations, mpls vpn integration, and mpls vpn management.

Key Features

  • Readers will find complete ready-to-use configurations for routers
  • Shows how to implement MPLS traffic engineering on a core network and optimize traffic
  • Great for users studying for Cisco's Implementing Cisco MPLS exam, 640-910 and written by a Cisco internetworking expert who knows everything about MPLS
  • Includes coverage of Cisco Systems' newly released (October 7, 2002) Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)
  • Bandwidth Protection software package. The new architecture uses MPLS Traffic Engineering Fast Reroute and an offline application called Tunnel Builder Pro to increase resiliency at a network-wide level
  • Includes updated coverage of MPLS and GMPLS


Network engineers running high-bandwidth networks ISPs needing to manage different kinds of data based on different plans and priorities. In addition, readers studying for the Cisco MPLS exam will find this a valuable reference

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 The Fundamentals of MPLS Networks and Data Flow


What Is MPLS?

MPLS Network Construction

Exercise 1.1: LER and Granularity

Exercise 1.1 Summary

Data Flow in MPLS Networks

Practical Applications

Label Numbers

MPLS Commands

Exercise 1.2: MPLS Data Flow

Exercise 1.3: Single Stacked Label Decode

Hands-On: Compare and Contrast IP/Ethernet and IP/MPLS/Ethernet

Exercise 1.3 Summary

Exercise 1.4: Stacked Decode

Hands-On: Open the File and Review File Content

Chapter Summary and Review

Going Further

Chapter 2 MPLS Label Distribution


The Early Days of Switching

MPLS Label Distribution

Control of Label Distribution

Label Distribution Triggering


Practical Applications: Label Distribution

Configuration Steps

Enabling the Label Distribution Protocol

Configuring New Interfaces with Show Commands

Create and Enable the Interface

Create and Enable MPLS on New Interface

Create and Enable LDP

LDP Session Information

Other Show Commands

LDP Neighbor Information

LDP Statistical Information

LDP Interface Information

Exercise 2.1: Control—Ordered or Not?

Exercise 2.2: Label Distribution

Chapter Summary and Review

Going Further

Chapter 3 MPLS Signaling


Introduction to MPLS Signaling

Traffic Control in MPLS Networks



Comparing CR-LDP to RSVP-TE

Practical Applications: Signaling Different Types of RSVP-TE Paths

Extending RSVP for MPLS Networks

Signaling a Path Using RSVP-TE

Hop by Hop

RSVP Hop-by-Hop Show Commands

Explicit Route Objects

A Strict Routing Example

Exercise 3.1: Decode the RSVP-TE Message

RSVP Path Request

RSVP Path Request

RSVP Reservation Details

Chapter Summary and Review

Going Further

Chapter 4 MPLS Network Reliance and Recovery


Introduction to MPLS Network Reliance and Recovery

The Need for Network Protection

Failure Detection and Tradeoffs

Reviewing Routing

Alternative Paths

IGP Rapid Convergence

Network Protection

Fault Detection and Recovery

MPLS Error Detection


RSVP-TE Protection

Thrashing Links

Practical Applications

Designating Backup Paths

Show Paths

Fast Reroute and Detour LSP

Cisco’s Tunnel Builder Vendor Solution

Chapter Summary and Review

Chapter 5 MPLS Traffic Engineering


Introduction to MPLS Traffic Engineering

Aspects of Traffic Engineering

Provisioning and Subscribing

Calculating How Much Bandwidth You Need

Example 1:Two Tunnels with Load-Balanced OC-12 Designed for Peak Busy Hour

Example 2: Calls with Silence Suppression

Example 3: Over-Provisioned by 110 Percent

Practical Applications: OPNET1

OPNET MPLS Capabilities and Features

Exercise 5.1:Traffic Engineering

Part 1: Voice

Part 2: Video

Part 3: Streaming Data

Part 4: Time-Critical Data

Part 5: Nontime Critical Data

Part 6: Review Questions

Chapter Review and Summary

Going Further

Chapter 6 Introduction to MPlS and GMPLS



Where Networking Is Today

Where Networking Is Going

The Birth of GMPLS

The GMPLS Control Plane

Neighbor Discovery

Dissemination of Link Status

Typology State Management

Path Management

Link Management

Protection and Recovery

Chapter Summary and Review

Is That All There Is?

The Future

Who Are the Players?


Going Further

Chapter 7 Virtual Private Networks and MPLS


Introduction to Virtual Private Networks

Virtual Private Networks

Generic Routing Encapsulation and IP-IP

IP Security (IPSec)

Layer-2 Tunnel Protocol,Version 3 (L2TPv3)

MPLS Tunnels

VPN Models

The Overlay Model

VPN Peer Model (MPLS)

MPLS VPN Topologies

Layer 3 MPLS VPNs

Virtual Routing

Layer-2 VPNS

Virtual Private Wire Service (VPWS)

Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS)

IP LAN Services (IPLS)




Comparing VPN Types

Practical Application

Example 1: Layer-3 Encapsulation in MPLS

Steps to Delivering IP over MPLS

IP over MPLS Example

Related Show Commands

Practical Application Summary

Exercise 7.1: Case Study 1

Practical Application: Implementing a VPN

Exercise 7.2: Case Study 2

Chapter Summary and Review

Going Further

Chapter 8 Quality of Service Meets MPLS


Introduction to QoS

What Is QoS?

Measuring QoS in Data Networks

Mediation for Dropped Packets, Latency, and Jitter

Packet Marking

Reservation/Policing Protocols

Policy-Based Packet Policing

How Can You Monitor and Police These Problems?

QoS in MPLS Networks


Mapping L-LSP VS. E-LSP

IP Traffic Trends

QoS in MPLS Without Markings

MPLS with Pre-Marked Packets

Use of DIFFSERV Markings

Practical Applications: Mapping ToS Bits to Exp or FECs in Riverstone Routers

Setting The Exp Bits

Creating Ingress and Egress Policies

Chapter Summary and Review

Going Further

Chapter 9 MPLS Marketing


Introduction to MPLS VPN Marketing

Who:The User Perspective

End Users

Service Providers

Equipment/Hardware Vendors

What: Money

How: Approaches to Marketing and Sales

What Do They Want?

Market Planning Overview

Marketing the Technology

Case Example

Selling Services

Selling Hardware


The Promised Land

A Business Case from Redback Networks

Appendix A: Answer Key for Chapter Exercises

Appendix B: Glossary

Appendix C: A brief History of Ethereal


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20th November 2003
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