Rhythm and Meter - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124093409, 9781483218533

Rhythm and Meter

1st Edition

Phonetics and Phonology, Vol. 1

Editors: Paul Kiparsky Gilbert Youmans
eBook ISBN: 9781483218533
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th May 1989
Page Count: 412
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Phonetics and Phonology: Volume 1, Rhythm and Meter compiles original articles by 12 linguists and literary critics who have made important contributions to current theories of phonology, verse meter, and music.

This book mainly focuses on English poetry—on the meters of Shakespeare, Milton, Blake, Longfellow, Hopkins, Auden, and other Renaissance dramatists. Poetry in other languages that include Greek, Arabic, Hebrew, Russian, and German are also examined. This publication emphasizes metrical theory, formulating and illustrating metrical principles within the tradition of generative metrics and competing traditions. The relationships between rhythm in language and music are likewise analyzed.

This volume is useful to linguists, literary critics, and specialists conducting work on rhythm and meter.

Table of Contents



Introduction: Rhythm and Meter

A Comparison of Rhythmic Structures in Music and Language

1. Goals of Generative Music Theory

2. Levels of Musical Representation

3. Substantive Parallels between Music and Phonology

4. Why Time-Span Reduction and Metrical Structure Are Both Necessary

5. Where Is Stress Encoded?

6. (Non)Parallels of Musical and Poetic Meter

7. What Are the Trees for in Language?


Metrical Forms

1. Introduction

2. A Hierarchical Theory of Meter

3. Aspects of Classical Greek Meter

4. Classical Arabic Meters


Addendum to Prince's "Metrical Forms"

Temporal Structures in Verse Design

1. Perspective

2. Traditional Hesitations: Paradigm Lost

3. Paradigm Regained

4. Initial Explorations

5. The Problem Stated

6. Temporally Rigid Rhythmic Structures

7. Compatibility 1

8. Applications

9. Prospect


General and Particular Aspects of Meter: Literatures, Epochs, Poets

1. Problems and Theses

2. Thesis 3

3. Thesis 1

4. Thesis 2

5. By Way of a Conclusion


Iambic and Trochaic Verse—Major and Minor Keys?

1. Introduction

2. Iambic Verse

3. Trochaic Verse

4. Enjambment and Rhyme

5. Metrical Structure

6. Classical Verse Forms

7. Modern Classical Forms

8. Postscript


Linguistic Theory and Literary Criticism: The Rhythms of English Poetry Revisited

1. Introduction

2. The Rhythms of English Poetry

3. Generalization and Evidence

4. Linguistic Theory and Literary Criticism


The Prosodic Hierarchy in Meter

1. Introduction

2. The Prosodic Hierarchy

3. The Evidence from Meter


Triple Threats to Duple Rhythm

1. Introduction

2. Rhythmic Sources of Metrical Uncertainty

3. Triple Rhythms in English

4. The Mixing of the English Meters

Appendix: Words and Word Groups Sometimes Reduced, Sometimes Used in Full, in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century English Verse


Meter in Auden's "Streams"

Sprung Rhythm

1. Apparent Licenses

2. Hopkins's "New Prosody"

3. Weak Positions

4. Strong Positions

5. Resolution

6. Outrides

7. Metrical Rules

8. Varieties of Sprung Rhythm

9. Meter and Style

10. Hopkins's Marking of Beats

11. Hopkins's Marking of Outrides

12. Concluding Remarks

Appendix: Normal Sprung Rhythm Poems


Milton's Meter

1. Statistical versus Categorical Rules

2. Syntactic Inversions as Evidence for Metrical Principles

3. Evaluation and Discovery of Metrical Principles

4. Metrical Complexity

5. Conclusion




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© Academic Press 1989
Academic Press
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About the Editor

Paul Kiparsky

Gilbert Youmans

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