Theory and Applications

1st Edition - January 1, 1967

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  • Editor: Frederick R. Eirich
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272979

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Rheology: Theory and Applications, Volume 4 focuses on the characteristics and reactions of materials of more fluid nature, including viscosity, dispersions, kinetics, and molecular structure. The selection first elaborates on viscosity and molecular structure and microrheology of dispersions. Discussions focus on applications to hemorheology and suspension viscosity, kinetics of flowing dispersions, inertial effects, stresses on particles in laminar shear, molecular motions in liquids, effect of molecular structure on viscosity of nonassociated liquids, and viscosity of mixtures and solutions. The manuscript then takes a look at high-shear viscometry and thixotropy and dilatancy, as well as polymer degradation under high-shear conditions, occurrence of thixotropy and dilatancy, structural turbulence, and analysis of flow behavior at high shear rates. The text examines the rheological aspects of the mixing of plastics compounds, rheology of liquid crystals, and nonlinear steady-flow behavior. Topics include normal stress functions, cholesteric mesophase, nematic mesophase and systems of rods, experimental evaluation of laminar-flow mixing theory, and mixers in the plastics industry. The selection is a dependable source material for researchers interested in the theories and applications of rheology.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    Contents of Previous Volumes

    1. Viscosity and Molecular Structure

    I. Purpose and Scope

    II. Molecular Motions in Liquids

    III. A Recent Advance in the Theory of Transport Phenomena

    IV. Semiempirical Correlation Schemes of Viscosity-Temperature—Pressure Relations

    V. Effect of Molecular Structure on Viscosity of Nonassociated Liquids

    VI. Effect of Association (Hydrogen Bonding)

    VII. Viscosity of Mixtures and Solutions

    VIII. Comparison with Previous Work

    IX. Conclusions


    2. The Microrheology of Dispersions

    I. Scope

    II. Rotation of Rigid Spheroids in Shear Flow

    III. Stresses on Particles in Laminar Shear

    IV. Particle Motions in Nonuniform Shear Fields

    V. The Kinetics of Flowing Dispersions

    VI. Applications to Suspension Viscosity

    VII. Inertial Effects

    VIII. Applications to Hemorheology


    3. High-Shear Viscometry

    I. Introduction

    II. Analysis of Flow Behavior at High Shear Rates

    III. High-Shear Viscometry Data

    IV. Instrumentation in High-Shear Viscometry

    V. Structural Turbulence

    VI. Polymer Degradation Under High-Shear Conditions


    4. Rheological Aspects of the Mixing of Plastics Compounds

    I. Introduction

    II. Definition of a Mixture

    III. Laminar-Flow Mixing Theory

    IV. Experimental Evaluation of Laminar-Flow Mixing Theory

    V. Mixers in the Plastics Industry

    VI. Dispersive Mixing

    VII. Conclusion


    5. The Rheology of Liquid Crystals

    I. Introduction

    II. The Nematic Mesophase and Systems of Rods

    III. The Cholesteric Mesophase

    IV. The Smectic Mesophase and Soap Systems

    V. Discussion

    6. Nonlinear Steady-Flow Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. General Theory

    III. Specific Viscometric Flows: Theory and Experiment

    IV. Normal Stress Functions

    V. Nonviscometric Flows

    VI. Appendix


    7. Some Quantitative Considerations About Spinning

    I. Introduction

    II. Melt Spinning

    III. Comparison with Experiment

    IV. Conclusion


    8. Thixotropy and Dilatancy

    I. Introduction

    II. Measurements of Thixotropy and Dilatancy

    III. Occurrence of Thixotropy and Dilatancy

    IV. Origin of Thixotropy and Dilatancy

    Appendix I. Thixotropic Systems

    Appendix II. Dilatant Systems

    9. Rheological Terminology

    I. Introduction

    II. Discussion of Some Individual Definitions

    III. Dictionary

    IV. Symbols


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 540
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1967
  • Published: January 1, 1967
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272979

About the Editor

Frederick R. Eirich

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