Rheology V1 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123956941, 9780323142595

Rheology V1

1st Edition

Theory and Applications

Editors: Frederick Eirich
eBook ISBN: 9780323142595
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1956
Page Count: 778
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Description

Rheology: Theory and Applications, Volume 1 is a compilation of papers contributed by experts in the field of rheology - the science of deformation and flow.

The collection provides the general concepts and laws of rheology. This volume contains chapters that discuss the concepts of rheology from the standpoint of physics and engineering; phases of the deformation of solids; mechanism of liquid flow, large elastic deformations, viscoelasticity, and melt flow; the rheology of disperse systems; and acoustic responses of liquids.

Materials scientists, geophysicists, physiologists, biologists, and pharmacists will find the book very informative.

Table of Contents


Preface

Contributors to Volume I

1. Introduction

2. Phenomenological Macrorheology

I. Introduction

II. Traction and Stress

III. Deformation

IV. The Classical Ideal Bodies

V. Second-Order Effects in Elasticity and Viscosity

VI. Complex Bodies

VII. Energy Considerations

VIII. Variability of Rheological Coefficients

IX. Volume Rheology

Nomenclature

3. Finite Plastic Deformation

I. Introduction

II. Flow of Perfectly Plastic Solids

III. Flow of Work-Hardening Plastic Solids

IV. Flow of Visco-Plastic Solids

Nomenclature

4. Stress-Strain Relations in the Plastic Range of Metals-Experiments and Basic Concepts

I. Introduction

II. Experiments on Yielding

III. The Yield Function as a Loading Function

IV. Significance of the Loading Function

V. Experimental Evidence Requiring a General Approach

VI. Fundamental Mechanical-Thermodynamic Consideration

VII. Some Basic Experiences

VIII. Remarks

Nomenclature

5. Mechanical Properties and Imperfections in Crystals

I. Introduction

II. Imperfections in Crystals

III. Effect of Imperfections on Mechanical Properties

Nomenclature

6. Dislocations in Crystal Lattices

I. General Considerations

II. Dislocations in Particular Lattices

III. Interactions between Dislocations

Nomenclature

7. Mechanical Properties of Metals

I. Introduction

II. Nature of the Grain Boundary

III. Elastic Properties of Polycrystalline Materials

IV. Internal Friction

V. Plastic Properties of Metals

VI. Work-Hardening of Metals

General Bibliography

Nomenclature

8. Some Rheological Properties Under High Pressure

I. Introduction

II. Techniques and Basic Principles of Measurements

III. Viscosity of Fluids

IV. Plasticity

Nomenclature

9. Theories of Viscosity

I. Introduction

II. Molecular Theory of Liquids

III. The Rate of Process Theory of Flow

IV. Diffusion Methods

V. Comparison of the Formulas

VI. Effects of Molecular Structure

Nomenclature

10. Large Elastic Deformations

I. Introduction

II. Kinematics of Finite Deformation

III. The Strain-Energy Function

IV. The Strain-Energy Function for Small but Finite Deformations

V. Fundamental Mechanical Considerations

VI. The Solution of Problems Involving Large Elastic Deformations

VII. The Superposition of Small Deformations of Large Deformations

VIII. The Solution of Problems in Second-Order Elasticity Theory

IX. Experimental Verification of the Theory

Nomenclature

11. Dynamics of Viscoelastic Behavior

I. Introduction

II. Properties of Viscoelastic Materials

III. Properties of Viscoelastic Objects when the Distributed Inertia of the Medium is Neglected

IV. Vibrations and Waves in Viscoelastic Objects

V. The Kinetic Theory of Rubber Elasticity

Nomenclature

12. Viscosity Relationships for Polymers in Bulk and in Concentrated Solution

I. Introduction

II. Experimental

III. Empirical Viscosity Relationships

IV. Molecular Theories of Flow

Nomenclature

13. The Statistical Mechanical Theory of Irreversible Processes in Solutions of Macromolecules

I. Introduction

II. The Generalized Diffusion Equation

III. Viscoelastic Behavior

IV. Other Applications of the General Theory

V. Conclusion

Nomenclature

14. The Viscosity of Colloidal Suspensions and Macromolecular Solutions

I. Introduction

II. Theories of Intrinsic Viscosity

III. The Viscosity of Dilute Suspensions; Theories of the Concentration Dependence

IV. The Viscosity of Concentrated Suspensions and Polymer Solutions

V. The Effect of Other Factors on the Viscosity of Suspensions

VI. Conclusions

Nomenclature

15. Streaming and Stress Birefringence

I. Streaming Birefringence

II. Stress Birefringence

Nomenclature

16. Non-Newtonian Flow of Liquids and Solids

I. General

II. Materials of Variable Viscosity

III. Special Types of Flow

IV. More General Liquids

Nomenclature

17. Acoustics and the Liquid State

I. Introduction

II. General Survey of Acoustical Properties of Liquids

III. Some Other Properties of Liquids Subject to Acoustic Influence and Study

IV. Theories of the Liquid State and Connection with Acoustics

Nomenclature

Appendix

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
778
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1956
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323142595

About the Editor

Frederick Eirich