Respiration

Respiration

Proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, Budapest, 1980

1st Edition - January 1, 1981

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  • Editors: I. Hutás, L. A. Debreczeni
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483163918

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Description

Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 10: Respiration focuses on the movements in respiratory research, including studies on the breathing process in humans; how respiratory muscles aid in respiration; and how various drugs affect breathing. The book also presents how respiratory muscles in humans, birds, and mammals function during different activities. The text also outlines the diseases that arise due to limited expiratory airflow and how muscles undergo fatigue. Divided into nine parts and organized into 77 chapters, the book further looks into the function of the lung during respiration through the comparison of the breathing patterns of humans, birds, and mammals. The text also elaborates how drugs are instituted in various laboratory exercises to determine their effects on the respiratory system in all the subjects mentioned. The book also identifies the different parts of the body that are involved in the breathing process. Readers and scholars who are interested in research concerning the trends in respiratory physiology will find this book interesting.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword

    Preface

    Trends in Respiratory Research

    Mechanics of the Chest Wall

    The Pathophysiology of Airways Disease

    The Physiology of Chemoreception in the Carotid Body

    Respiratory Muscles in Man: Mechanics and Control

    Action of the Diaphragm on the Rib Cage

    Morphometry of the Breathing Movements of the Trunk: A Dynamic, Double-View Photogrammetry Technic

    Functional Neural Coupling between Diaphragm and Parastemal Intercostal Muscles in Humans

    Factors Affecting the Decay of Inspiratory Muscle Activity

    Tonic Vibration Reflexes in Respiratory Muscles

    Respiratory Muscles Response to Loading

    Respiratory Muscle Fatigue: EMG Analysis

    Respiratory Muscle Fatigue

    Respiratory Sensation and Respiratory Muscle Activity

    Respiratory Muscles in Man: Mechanics and Control. Discussion

    Comparative Physiology of Respiration: Birds versus Mammals

    Introduction to Comparative Physiology of Respiration: Birds versus Mammals

    A Comparison of Chorioallantoic and Placental Respiration

    Comparison Birds/Mammals: Structure and Function of the Gas Exchange Apparatus

    Hypoxia Tolerance and Ventilatory O2-Chemoreflexes

    Intrapulmonary CO2 Receptors and their Role in the Control of Avian Respiration

    Respiration during Flight

    Ventilatory Response to Running Exercise in Birds and Mammals

    Comparative Microrheology of Avian and Mammalian Blood

    VA/Q Distribution

    Morphological Basis for VA/Q Distribution

    Static and Dynamic Regional Distribution of Gas within the Normal Human Lung

    Ventilation-Perfusion Inhomogeneity and Efficiency of Alveolar Gas Exchange

    Functional Inhiomogeneities in Gas Exchange Organs of Non-mammalian Vertebrates

    Environmental Effects on Ventilation-Perfusion Distribution

    Determination of Reference Values for Regional Lung Ventilation and Perfusion

    Behavioral Aspects of Excretion (E) and Retention (R) Data Sets of Mammalian Respiratory Systems in the E-R Diagram

    Breathing Control during Exercise

    Exercise Hyperpnea. The Ultra Secret

    Endocapnia and Exocapnia: Their Relationship to Exercise Hyperpnea

    Observations on the Role of a Humoral Pathway in Exercise Hyperpnea

    On Reflex Control of Exercise Hyperpnea from Muscular Receptors

    Humoral Control of Ventilation during Exercise in Man

    Aspects of the Regulation of Respiration in Muscular Exercise

    Interaction of Hypercapnic Ventilatory Stimulus and Neural Afferents from the Muscles in Moderate Exercise

    Breathing Control during Exercise. Discussion

    Prostanoids in the Lung

    Introduction to Prostanoids in the Lung

    The Lung as a Generator of Prostacyclin

    Role of Prostacyclin in Human Bronchial Smooth Muscle Tone

    Effect of PGE Aerosol on Lung Function in Patients with Partial and Global Respiratory Insufficiency Due to Bronchitic Airway Obstruction

    Noncholinergic, Nonadrenergic Bronchodilation in the Cat

    Role of Prostaglandins in Exercise Induced Asthma

    Prostanoids in the Lung. Discussion

    Arterial Chemoreceptor Mechanisms and Respiration

    Metabolic Aspects of Chemoreception in the Carotid Body

    Metabolic Sensing of Cellular Oxygen Tension

    Effects of Different Stimuli on the Glomus Cell Membrane

    Ionic Aspects of Chemoreception

    Extracellular K+ and Ca++ Activity in the Cat Carotid Body during Sympathetic Stimulation

    Catecholamines and Rat Carotid Body Function

    Studies on the Localization of Dopaminergic and Cholinergic Receptors in the Carotid Body

    The Oscillatory Component of the Chemical Stimulus to Breathing

    Comments on Carotid Body Structure, Metabolism and Catecholamines

    Arterial Chemoreceptor Mechanisms and Respiration. Discussion

    Defense Reflexes from the Respiratory Tract

    Defensive Reflexes from the Nose, Including the Diving Response

    Afferent Fibers Involved in Defense Reflexes from the Respiratory Tract

    Sensitization of Polymodal Airway Receptors

    Reflexes from the Larynx and their Modification in Disease

    The Pathophysiological Role of the Sniff-like Aspiration Reflex

    Structure and Function of Airways Nervous Receptors

    Central Nervous Integration of Defensive Reflexes

    Mucus Secretion and its Role in Defense Reflexes

    Lung Clearance Mechanisms in Mice

    Selected Papers

    Alveolar-Capillary Equilibration of O2,CO2 and CO during Rebreathing in Man

    Cardiopulmonary Response to Cerebral Traumatization

    Central Chemoreceptors and the Regulation of Fetal Breathing Movements

    Interactive Effects of Central and Obstructive Apnea

    Spectral Analysis of Airflow Signals: Effect of Vagotomy, Propranolol and Indomethacin Treatment in Normal and SO2-Bronchitic Rats

    Role of Brain Catecholamines in Hypoxic-Tachypnea Presented by Carotid-Denervated Cats

    Localization and Functional Organization of Bulbar and Pontine Respiratory Neurons in the Rabbit

    The "Split Respiratory Center". Lessons from Brainstem Transections

    The Phonetics of Voluntary Cough

    Loss of Central Chemosensitivity, Experimental Studies on a Clinical Problem

    The Quantitative Analysis of the Dependence of Lung Blood Arterialization on the Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio Inequality

    Larynx in the Respiratory Framework

    The Effect of Lung Volume and Mediastinal Structures on Tracheal collapsibility for In Situ Dogs

    Physiological Characteristics of Repeated Breath Holding

    Role of Diffusion Impairment in Gas Exchange

    A Modification of the Forced Oscillation Technique

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 680
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1981
  • Published: January 1, 1981
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483163918

About the Editors

I. Hutás

L. A. Debreczeni

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