Respiration - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080268231, 9781483163918

Respiration

1st Edition

Proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, Budapest, 1980

Editors: I. Hutás L. A. Debreczeni
eBook ISBN: 9781483163918
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1981
Page Count: 680
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Description

Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 10: Respiration focuses on the movements in respiratory research, including studies on the breathing process in humans; how respiratory muscles aid in respiration; and how various drugs affect breathing. The book also presents how respiratory muscles in humans, birds, and mammals function during different activities. The text also outlines the diseases that arise due to limited expiratory airflow and how muscles undergo fatigue. Divided into nine parts and organized into 77 chapters, the book further looks into the function of the lung during respiration through the comparison of the breathing patterns of humans, birds, and mammals. The text also elaborates how drugs are instituted in various laboratory exercises to determine their effects on the respiratory system in all the subjects mentioned. The book also identifies the different parts of the body that are involved in the breathing process. Readers and scholars who are interested in research concerning the trends in respiratory physiology will find this book interesting.

Table of Contents


Foreword

Preface

Trends in Respiratory Research

Mechanics of the Chest Wall

The Pathophysiology of Airways Disease

The Physiology of Chemoreception in the Carotid Body

Respiratory Muscles in Man: Mechanics and Control

Action of the Diaphragm on the Rib Cage

Morphometry of the Breathing Movements of the Trunk: A Dynamic, Double-View Photogrammetry Technic

Functional Neural Coupling between Diaphragm and Parastemal Intercostal Muscles in Humans

Factors Affecting the Decay of Inspiratory Muscle Activity

Tonic Vibration Reflexes in Respiratory Muscles

Respiratory Muscles Response to Loading

Respiratory Muscle Fatigue: EMG Analysis

Respiratory Muscle Fatigue

Respiratory Sensation and Respiratory Muscle Activity

Respiratory Muscles in Man: Mechanics and Control. Discussion

Comparative Physiology of Respiration: Birds versus Mammals

Introduction to Comparative Physiology of Respiration: Birds versus Mammals

A Comparison of Chorioallantoic and Placental Respiration

Comparison Birds/Mammals: Structure and Function of the Gas Exchange Apparatus

Hypoxia Tolerance and Ventilatory O2-Chemoreflexes

Intrapulmonary CO2 Receptors and their Role in the Control of Avian Respiration

Respiration during Flight

Ventilatory Response to Running Exercise in Birds and Mammals

Comparative Microrheology of Avian and Mammalian Blood

VA/Q Distribution

Morphological Basis for VA/Q Distribution

Static and Dynamic Regional Distribution of Gas within the Normal Human Lung

Ventilation-Perfusion Inhomogeneity and Efficiency of Alveolar Gas Exchange

Functional Inhiomogeneities in Gas Exchange Organs of Non-mammalian Vertebrates

Environmental Effects on Ventilation-Perfusion Distribution

Determination of Reference Values for Regional Lung Ventilation and Perfusion

Behavioral Aspects of Excretion (E) and Retention (R) Data Sets of Mammalian Respiratory Systems in the E-R Diagram

Breathing Control during Exercise

Exercise Hyperpnea. The Ultra Secret

Endocapnia and Exocapnia: Their Relationship to Exercise Hyperpnea

Observations on the Role of a Humoral Pathway in Exercise Hyperpnea

On Reflex Control of Exercise Hyperpnea from Muscular Receptors

Humoral Control of Ventilation during Exercise in Man

Aspects of the Regulation of Respiration in Muscular Exercise

Interaction of Hypercapnic Ventilatory Stimulus and Neural Afferents from the Muscles in Moderate Exercise

Breathing Control during Exercise. Discussion

Prostanoids in the Lung

Introduction to Prostanoids in the Lung

The Lung as a Generator of Prostacyclin

Role of Prostacyclin in Human Bronchial Smooth Muscle Tone

Effect of PGE Aerosol on Lung Function in Patients with Partial and Global Respiratory Insufficiency Due to Bronchitic Airway Obstruction

Noncholinergic, Nonadrenergic Bronchodilation in the Cat

Role of Prostaglandins in Exercise Induced Asthma

Prostanoids in the Lung. Discussion

Arterial Chemoreceptor Mechanisms and Respiration

Metabolic Aspects of Chemoreception in the Carotid Body

Metabolic Sensing of Cellular Oxygen Tension

Effects of Different Stimuli on the Glomus Cell Membrane

Ionic Aspects of Chemoreception

Extracellular K+ and Ca++ Activity in the Cat Carotid Body during Sympathetic Stimulation

Catecholamines and Rat Carotid Body Function

Studies on the Localization of Dopaminergic and Cholinergic Receptors in the Carotid Body

The Oscillatory Component of the Chemical Stimulus to Breathing

Comments on Carotid Body Structure, Metabolism and Catecholamines

Arterial Chemoreceptor Mechanisms and Respiration. Discussion

Defense Reflexes from the Respiratory Tract

Defensive Reflexes from the Nose, Including the Diving Response

Afferent Fibers Involved in Defense Reflexes from the Respiratory Tract

Sensitization of Polymodal Airway Receptors

Reflexes from the Larynx and their Modification in Disease

The Pathophysiological Role of the Sniff-like Aspiration Reflex

Structure and Function of Airways Nervous Receptors

Central Nervous Integration of Defensive Reflexes

Mucus Secretion and its Role in Defense Reflexes

Lung Clearance Mechanisms in Mice

Selected Papers

Alveolar-Capillary Equilibration of O2,CO2 and CO during Rebreathing in Man

Cardiopulmonary Response to Cerebral Traumatization

Central Chemoreceptors and the Regulation of Fetal Breathing Movements

Interactive Effects of Central and Obstructive Apnea

Spectral Analysis of Airflow Signals: Effect of Vagotomy, Propranolol and Indomethacin Treatment in Normal and SO2-Bronchitic Rats

Role of Brain Catecholamines in Hypoxic-Tachypnea Presented by Carotid-Denervated Cats

Localization and Functional Organization of Bulbar and Pontine Respiratory Neurons in the Rabbit

The "Split Respiratory Center". Lessons from Brainstem Transections

The Phonetics of Voluntary Cough

Loss of Central Chemosensitivity, Experimental Studies on a Clinical Problem

The Quantitative Analysis of the Dependence of Lung Blood Arterialization on the Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio Inequality

Larynx in the Respiratory Framework

The Effect of Lung Volume and Mediastinal Structures on Tracheal collapsibility for In Situ Dogs

Physiological Characteristics of Repeated Breath Holding

Role of Diffusion Impairment in Gas Exchange

A Modification of the Forced Oscillation Technique

Index


Details

No. of pages:
680
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1981
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483163918

About the Editor

I. Hutás

L. A. Debreczeni