Resources Society and the Future

Resources Society and the Future

A Report Prepared for the Swedish Secretariat for Futures Studies By

1st Edition - January 1, 1980

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  • Authors: Tomas Bertelman, Ernst Hollander, Carl-Axel Olsson
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483158556

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Resources, Society and the Future is a report on resources and raw materials and their implications for the future of the Swedish society. This report aims to create a framework for a continuous dialogue in Sweden between the general public and their political representatives, the scientific world and interest groups of all kinds. Two debates in Sweden are considered, one of them centering on national interests, that is, Sweden's needs for industrial production and exports, and the other concerning long-term questions of human survival (environment, resource base, and questions of equity between industrialized and developing countries). This book is comprised of seven chapters and begins by outlining the motives for a futures study of resources and raw materials, followed by an explanation of what resources and raw materials mean, along with a general description of the volume of raw materials produced and consumed worldwide. Subsequent chapters focus on the global demand and supply of resources; energy and raw materials in Sweden; and aims and means of a raw materials policy. Instruments of a raw materials policy and measures to reduce the use of scarce raw materials and to increase the supply of raw materials are discussed, along with the relationship between the environment and the supply of raw materials. This monograph will be a valuable resource for policymakers concerned with energy and natural resources and their impact on society.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword


    1 Motives for a Futures Study of Resources and Raw Materials


    Background to the Study of Resources and Raw Materials

    History of a Debate

    2 Resources and Raw Materials Defined


    The Physical Foundations of the Resource Concept

    The Classification of Natural Resources

    Cognitive Foundations of the Resource Concept

    Resources and Mineral Reserves

    Raw Materials

    The Declining Share of the Primary Sectors of the Economy in Employment and Production

    Measuring the Importance of Raw Materials

    Raw Materials - Value

    Classification by Needs

    Distribution - An Important Basis of Assessment

    International Dependence

    Qualitative Aspects and the Importance of Raw Materials

    3 Global Demand


    Forecasting Demand for Raw Materials

    Population Development

    GNP Growth

    Demand for Raw Materials


    4 Global Supply





    Growing Energy and Pollution Problems

    Increasing Difficulties in Mobilizing Reserves

    Interstate Cartels

    Political Events


    5 Resources in a Long-Term Perspective


    The Time Perspectives

    Foodstuffs per Capita

    Natural Resources


    Will Technical Solutions Be Found?

    What Sort of Technology?


    Risks as an Element of Cost

    System Sensitivity as a Cost

    Costs in the Form of the Conceivable Impact of Technology on Social and Economic Structure

    Costs in the Form of Reduced Quality of Life

    6 Sweden and Raw Materials

    Sweden's Raw Materials Profile

    Two Perspectives on Sweden in about 1990

    Alternative World Environments

    Some Long-Term Factors with a Bearing in Demand for Raw Materials

    Environmental Consideration

    Will Sweden's Raw Materials Supplies Be Adequate?

    Energy and Raw Materials

    The Environment and the Supply of Raw Materials

    Imports of Raw Materials

    7 Aims and Means of a Raw Materials Policy


    Raw Materials Policy and Priorities

    Resource Restrictions

    The Dominant Economic Goals and Raw Materials Policy

    Raw Materials Policy and Goals Differing from Those Traditionally Dominant

    Instruments of a Raw Materials Policy

    Measures to Reduce the Use of Scarce Raw Materials

    Measures to Increase the Supply of Raw Materials

    Measures to Secure Supplies

    Long-Range Planning Perspectives



    1. the Secretariat for Futures Studies - Organization

    2. Interim Reports and Other Background Material Compiled in the Course of the ROR Study

    3a. Politics and Raw Materials in an International Perspective - Summary of a Study by Tomas Bertelman

    3b. Non-Renewable Raw Materials

    3c. The Substitution of Resources

    4. Statistics

    5. List of Figures and Tables

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 208
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1980
  • Published: January 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483158556

About the Authors

Tomas Bertelman

Ernst Hollander

Carl-Axel Olsson

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