Description

Residual stresses are a common phenomenon in composite materials. They can either add to or significantly reduce material strength. Because of the increasing demand for high-strength, light-weight materials such as composites and their wide range of applications in the aerospace and automotive industries, in civil infrastructure and in sporting applications, it is critical that the residual stresses of composite materials are understood and measured correctly.

The first part of this important book reviews destructive and non-destructive testing (NDT) techniques for measuring residual stresses. Various mathematical (analytical and numerical) methods for calculation of residual stresses in composite materials are also presented. Chapters in the first section of the book discuss the simulated hole drilling method, the slitting/crack compliance method, measuring residual stresses in homogeneous and composite glass materials using photoelastic techniques, and modeling residual stresses in composite materials. The second part of the book discusses residual stresses in polymer matrix, metal-matrix and a range of other types of composites. Moreover, the addition of nanoparticles to the matrix of polymeric composites as a new technique for reduction of residual stresses is discussed.

Residual stresses in composite materials provides a comprehensive overview of this important topic, and is an invaluable reference text for both academics and professionals working in the mechanical engineering, civil engineering, aerospace, automotive, marine and sporting industries.

Key Features

  • Reviews destructive and non-destructive testing (NDT) techniques for measuring residual stresses
  • Discusses residual stresses in polymer matrix, metal-matrix and other types of composite
  • Considers the addition of nanoparticles to the matrix of polymeric composites as a new technique for reduction of residual stresses

Readership

Manufacturers of composite materials, plastics, and glass; Materials scientists, engineers, chemists in the following fields: mechanical, biomedical, automotive, aerospace, electronics, and defense.

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering
  • Introduction
  • Part I: Measurement and modelling
    • 1. The importance of measuring residual stresses in composite materials
      • Abstract
      • 1.1 Introduction
      • 1.2 Categories of residual stresses
      • 1.3 Effects of residual stresses
      • 1.4 The importance of residual stress measurement
      • 1.5 Issues in the measurement of residual stresses
      • 1.6 Techniques for measuring residual stress in composites
    • 2. Destructive techniques in the measurement of residual stresses in composite materials: an overview
      • Abstract
      • 2.1 Introduction
      • 2.2 The layer removal method
      • 2.3 The Sachs (boring) method
      • 2.4 Hole-drilling methods
      • 2.5 The ring-core method
      • 2.6 The cutting method
      • 2.7 The contour method
      • 2.8 The ply sectioning method
      • 2.9 The radial cutting method
      • 2.10 Matrix removal methods
      • 2.11 Micro-indentation methods
      • 2.12 The slitting method
      • 2.13 The first ply failure method
      • 2.14 The measurement of curvature method
      • 2.15 Heating methods
      • 2.16 Conclusions
    • 3. Non-destructive testing (NDT) techniques in the measurement of residual stresses in composite materials: an overview
      • Abstract
      • 3.1 Introduction
      • 3.2 The X-ray diffraction method
      • 3.3 The neutron diffraction method
      • 3.4 The Raman spectroscopy method
      • 3.5 The photoelasticity method
      • 3.6 Other optical methods
      • 3.7 The acoustic wave method
      • 3.8 Methods based on interferometry
      • 3.9 The cure referencing method
      • 3.10 Measurement methods using sensors
      • 3.11 The electrical resistance method
      • 3.12 Conclusions
    • 4. Measuring residual stresses in composite materials using the simulated

Details

No. of pages:
404
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
Print ISBN:
9780857092700
Electronic ISBN:
9780857098597

About the editor

M Shokrieh

Mahmood M. Shokrieh is a Professor at School of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Iran.