Research with the Locus of Control Construct - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124432017, 9781483270418

Research with the Locus of Control Construct

1st Edition

Editors: Herbert M. Lefcourt
eBook ISBN: 9781483270418
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th July 1981
Page Count: 406
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Research with the Locus of Control Construct, Volume 1: Assessment Methods was created to serve two purposes. The first is to fill the researcher's need for information about the application of appropriate locus of control scales to their particular purposes or samples. It presents a variety of locus of control scales and describes the relevant research and applications. The second purpose for this book involves the general field of personality psychology. Often personality constructs emerge, occupy center stage for the better part of a decade, and then almost silently disappear from view. By contrast, the locus of control construct has occupied a central position in personality research for a decade. The contributions to this volume represent some of the innovations that extend the utility of the locus of control construct to different areas of concern. It illustrates a simple principle—that a construct continues to be viable only as long as it continues to inspire innovations; if it remains static the construct will eventually disappear.
This book is intended to provide information regarding new developments and to encourage new questions and applications that may allow the locus of control construct to outlive the brief life span that is common among personality constructs. It is assumed that the reader is already familiar with the basic literature on locus of control research.

Table of Contents

1 Overview


Early Assessment Devices for Measuring Locus of Control

New Developments in Scale Construction: Goal-Specific Measures

Special Characteristics in the Use of Locus of Control Scales

Other Conceptions Related to Locus of Control



I An Update on Early Research Programs

2 Differentiating among Internality, Powerful Others, and Chance



Empirical Work

Implications and Future Directions

Appendix A: I, P, and C Scales


II Disaggregation of the Control Variable by Outcome

3 Expectancies for Controllability, Performance Attributions, and Behavior


Expectancies for Controllability

Performance Attributions

Consequences of Performance Attributions and/or Expectancies for Control


Appendix A: The Malevolent-Benevolent Questionnaire

Appendix B: Desirable-Undesirable Events Locus of Control Items

Appendix C: Rotter Internal-External Scale Items Corresponding to the Numbered Items in the Cluster Analysis


III Ongoing Research Programs Using Innovative Techniques

4 The Desired Control Measure and Adjustment among the Elderly


Cognitive Social Learning Theory and Adjustment

Research Program

Initial Survey

Locus of Desired Control and Psychological Adjustment

Psychometric Properties of the Desired Control Measure

Desired Control—Short Form

Discussion and Summary

Appendix A: Desired Control Measure


5 Spheres of Control: an Interactions Approach to Assessment of Perceived Control


Scale Development

The Nomological Network

Validity Studies

A Facet Analysis of Perceived Control

Appendix A: Spheres of Control Battery Items


6 Health Locus of Control Scales


Development of the Health Locus of Control Scales

Alternative Measures

Normative Data

Scale Properties

How to Use the MHLC Scales

Research Done with HLC and MHLC Scales

Locus of Control as a Dependent Variable

Correlations with Other Scales

Health Locus of Control as an Independent Variable


Implications for Future Research

Appendix A: Situational Inventory (Example)


7 The Construction and Development of the Multidimensional-Multiattributional Causality Scales


A Description of the MMCS

Validity Research with the MMCS



Appendix A: MMCS Items Grouped according to Goal-Specific Subscales


IV Applications to Clinical Problems

8 Measuring Beliefs about Where Psychological Pain Originates and Who is Responsible for Its Alleviation: Two New Scales for Clinical Researchers

The Need for Two Scales

The Study


Appendix A: The MHLC Questionnaire

Appendix B: The MHLO Questionnaire


9 The Measurement of Locus of Control among Alcoholics

Summary Aspects

Background Considerations

The Alcoholic Responsibility Scale Method of Development


Results and Discussion


V Other Approaches to the Study of Control

10 Personal Causation and Locus of Control: Two Different Traditions and Two Uncorrelated Measures


Descriptions of the Origin Measure

Comparison of Origin Scores and Locus of Control of Reinforcement

Origin Scores and the Intellectual Achievement Responsibility Questionnaire



11 The Construct of Engagement Style: Theory and Research

A History of the Construct of Engagement Style

A Measure of the Construct of Engagement Style

Research on the Construct of Engagement Style



12 Epilog

Subject Index


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© Academic Press 1981
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Herbert M. Lefcourt

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