Research with the Locus of Control Construct

Research with the Locus of Control Construct

1st Edition - July 28, 1981

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  • Editor: Herbert M. Lefcourt
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270418

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Research with the Locus of Control Construct, Volume 1: Assessment Methods was created to serve two purposes. The first is to fill the researcher's need for information about the application of appropriate locus of control scales to their particular purposes or samples. It presents a variety of locus of control scales and describes the relevant research and applications. The second purpose for this book involves the general field of personality psychology. Often personality constructs emerge, occupy center stage for the better part of a decade, and then almost silently disappear from view. By contrast, the locus of control construct has occupied a central position in personality research for a decade. The contributions to this volume represent some of the innovations that extend the utility of the locus of control construct to different areas of concern. It illustrates a simple principle—that a construct continues to be viable only as long as it continues to inspire innovations; if it remains static the construct will eventually disappear. This book is intended to provide information regarding new developments and to encourage new questions and applications that may allow the locus of control construct to outlive the brief life span that is common among personality constructs. It is assumed that the reader is already familiar with the basic literature on locus of control research.

Table of Contents

  • 1 Overview


    Early Assessment Devices for Measuring Locus of Control

    New Developments in Scale Construction: Goal-Specific Measures

    Special Characteristics in the Use of Locus of Control Scales

    Other Conceptions Related to Locus of Control



    I An Update on Early Research Programs

    2 Differentiating among Internality, Powerful Others, and Chance



    Empirical Work

    Implications and Future Directions

    Appendix A: I, P, and C Scales


    II Disaggregation of the Control Variable by Outcome

    3 Expectancies for Controllability, Performance Attributions, and Behavior


    Expectancies for Controllability

    Performance Attributions

    Consequences of Performance Attributions and/or Expectancies for Control


    Appendix A: The Malevolent-Benevolent Questionnaire

    Appendix B: Desirable-Undesirable Events Locus of Control Items

    Appendix C: Rotter Internal-External Scale Items Corresponding to the Numbered Items in the Cluster Analysis


    III Ongoing Research Programs Using Innovative Techniques

    4 The Desired Control Measure and Adjustment among the Elderly


    Cognitive Social Learning Theory and Adjustment

    Research Program

    Initial Survey

    Locus of Desired Control and Psychological Adjustment

    Psychometric Properties of the Desired Control Measure

    Desired Control—Short Form

    Discussion and Summary

    Appendix A: Desired Control Measure


    5 Spheres of Control: an Interactions Approach to Assessment of Perceived Control


    Scale Development

    The Nomological Network

    Validity Studies

    A Facet Analysis of Perceived Control

    Appendix A: Spheres of Control Battery Items


    6 Health Locus of Control Scales


    Development of the Health Locus of Control Scales

    Alternative Measures

    Normative Data

    Scale Properties

    How to Use the MHLC Scales

    Research Done with HLC and MHLC Scales

    Locus of Control as a Dependent Variable

    Correlations with Other Scales

    Health Locus of Control as an Independent Variable


    Implications for Future Research

    Appendix A: Situational Inventory (Example)


    7 The Construction and Development of the Multidimensional-Multiattributional Causality Scales


    A Description of the MMCS

    Validity Research with the MMCS



    Appendix A: MMCS Items Grouped according to Goal-Specific Subscales


    IV Applications to Clinical Problems

    8 Measuring Beliefs about Where Psychological Pain Originates and Who is Responsible for Its Alleviation: Two New Scales for Clinical Researchers

    The Need for Two Scales

    The Study


    Appendix A: The MHLC Questionnaire

    Appendix B: The MHLO Questionnaire


    9 The Measurement of Locus of Control among Alcoholics

    Summary Aspects

    Background Considerations

    The Alcoholic Responsibility Scale Method of Development


    Results and Discussion


    V Other Approaches to the Study of Control

    10 Personal Causation and Locus of Control: Two Different Traditions and Two Uncorrelated Measures


    Descriptions of the Origin Measure

    Comparison of Origin Scores and Locus of Control of Reinforcement

    Origin Scores and the Intellectual Achievement Responsibility Questionnaire



    11 The Construct of Engagement Style: Theory and Research

    A History of the Construct of Engagement Style

    A Measure of the Construct of Engagement Style

    Research on the Construct of Engagement Style



    12 Epilog

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 406
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: July 28, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270418

About the Editor

Herbert M. Lefcourt

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