Research on the Nature of Mineral-Forming Solutions - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080101873, 9781483164977

Research on the Nature of Mineral-Forming Solutions

1st Edition

With Special Reference to Data from Fluid Inclusions

Authors: N. P. Yermakov
Editors: Edwin Roedder
eBook ISBN: 9781483164977
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1965
Page Count: 750
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Research on the Nature of Mineral-Forming Solutions is the first book on the subject of fluid inclusions.
This book contains observational data and studies of mineral-forming solutions done in the Soviet Union. The description and natural classification of inclusion in minerals according to their composition and state are discussed. Gaseous, liquefied, and solidified inclusions that are found in minerals and their significance are considered important in determining the presence and availability of the mineral. For example, any earlier or contemporaneous minerals that are found only in their host crystals can be determined by analyzing the presence of solid inclusions. The origin and genetic classifications of liquid and gaseous inclusions, being both abundant in hypogene ore deposits, are explained. Other less common methods in the study of inclusions, besides homogenization of inclusions by heating under the microscope, are forwarded. The authors believe that exact measurements of the homogenization temperature are possible and therefore can serve as a precise indicator in understanding the process of formation of individual crystals and hydrothermal deposits. Other studies of the All-Union Research Institute of Piezo-optical Mineral Raw Materials are also discussed.
This collection of monographs will prove invaluable to mineralogists, geologists, and research-chemists studying minerals and ore deposits.

Table of Contents

Editor's Preface

Chapter 1. Description and Natural Classification of Inclusions in Minerals

Classification of Inclusions According to Their Composition and State

Solid Inclusions in Minerals and Their Genetic Significance

Solidified Inclusions in Minerals

Crystallized Inclusions

Inclusions of Volcanic Glass (Amorphous Inclusions)

Gaseous Inclusions

Liquid Inclusions

Chapter 2. Origin and Genetic Classification of Liquid and Gaseous Inclusions in Minerals

Primary Inclusions

Pseudo-secondary Inclusions

Secondary Inclusions

Chapter 3. Theory and Practice of Homogenization of Liquid Inclusions by Heat

Basic Principle of the Method

The Problem of Hermetic Sealing of Inclusions

Variations in Volume of Vacuoles Containing Inclusions

Decrease in Volume Caused by Contraction of Crystal on Cooling

Contraction of Volume of Inclusions Caused by Deposition of Cognate Substance on Their Walls

Composition and Concentration of Substances in Liquid Inclusions and Methods of Their Study

The Analytical Method

The Physico-chemical Method

The Mineralogical Method

Principal Results of Studies of Composition of Inclusions

Effect of Concentration of Included Solutions on Homogenization Temperature

Effects of Pressure on Estimation of Temperatures and Possibilities of Taking such Effects into Account

Determination of the Nature of Inclusions and the Means of Their Recognition

Experimental Methods and Techniques. History of the Development of Research Techniques

Construction of the Microthermochamber, Its Installation, and Integration with Other Instruments

The author's Method and Experimental Procedure

Sources of Error in Thermometric Analysis

Chapter 4. Supplementary Methods of Study of Inclusions

The Calculation Method

The "Visual Method" (Method of Empirical Curves)

Significance and Principles of the Method

Empirical Curves for Quartz and Calcite

Empirical Equations for Calculation of Probable Homogenization Temperatures of Inclusions in Quartz and Calcite

Methods of Determining Phase Ratios in Heterogeneous Inclusions of Solutions

Decrepitation Method

The Acoustic Method

The Optical Method

Defects and Limitations of the Methods of Thermometric Studies of Inclusions

Chapter 5. Results by Ordinary Procedures Employed in the Homogenization Method for the Determination of the Temperatures

Chapter 6. Methods of Thermometric Investigation of Minerals and of Mineral Deposits and Results of Their Applications

General Principles of the Methods

Results of Thermometric Analysis of Individual Crystals

Application of Methods in Determining Successive Lowering of Temperatures of Crystal Growth

Temperature of Formation of a Quartz Crystal from Bristenstock and Significance of Pseudo-secondary Inclusions

Studies of Temperatures of Formation of a Quartz Druse from Aldan and Identification of Secondary Inclusions

Crystallization of Minerals from Solutions in which there are Interruptions in the Normal Gradual Lowering of the Temperature

Abrupt Changes in the Temperature of Crystal-forming Solutions

Thermometric Analysis of the Formation of Complex Crystals and Ssynchronization of Their Growth Zones

Examples of Studies in Paragenesis of Minerals by Inclusions of Mother Liquor

On the Temperatures of Formation of Quartz Pseudomorphs after "Paper-spar"

On Unity of the Hydrothermal Metamorphism of Rocks and of the Formation of Minerals in "Alpine" Fissure Veins

On Homogenization Temperatures of Inclusions in Twin Crystals and Temperatures of Formation of Datolite and Apophyllite

Utilization of Inclusions in Certain Tectonic Conclusions

Thermometric Studies of Some Mineral Deposits

On Temperatures of Formation of Calcites in Central Asia and Crimea

On Temperatures of Formation of some Fluorite Deposits in Central Asia and in Transbaykalia

On Temperatures and Other Problems of the Formation of Quartz in Aldan

On the Temperatures of Formation of Certain Lead-zinc Deposits

Chapter 7. Methods and Results of Research on State of Aggregation of Mineral-forming Solutions

Essence and Significance of the Methods

The Course of Homogenization of Inclusions in Topaz

The Course of Homogenization of Inclusions in Quartz

The Course of Homogenization of Inclusions in Beryl and Tourmaline

The Course of Homogenization of Mixed Inclusions of Aqueous Solution and Carbon Dioxide

Variations in the Course of Homogenization of Inclusions in Different Growth Zones of Crystals

Theoretical Consideration of Types and Species of Homogenization of Inclusions in Minerals

In Reference to the Possibility of Differentiating between Products of Pneumatolysis and Products of Hydrothermal and Cold Solutions in Mineral Deposits

Chapter 8. Schematic Pattern of Principal Stages and Sub-stages in Hypogene Formation of Minerals

Chapter 9. Scientific Practical Importance and Perspectives of Investigations of Inclusions in Minerals

Bibliography to Part 1


No. of pages:
© Pergamon 1965
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

N. P. Yermakov

About the Editor

Edwin Roedder

Ratings and Reviews