Research on Exemplary Schools

Research on Exemplary Schools

1st Edition - October 7, 1985

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  • Editors: Gilbert R. Austin, Herbert Garber
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483216294

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Description

Research on Exemplary Schools covers significant research works on effective school learning, with particular emphasis on identifying and analyzing a student's abilities and characteristics on the assumption that student learning was primarily determined by differences in individual potential and needs. The information provided is derived from the assumption that the characteristics of the school learning environment may explain the extent to which students master the outcomes desired from the school teaching-learning experience. This text is organized into three parts encompassing 10 chapters. Part I reviews the history of the exemplary schools research movements and the research findings, as well as policy implications concerning the relationships between private and public schools education, both Catholic and nonsectarian. Part II describes the methods for identifying exemplary schools, school climate, and the roles of the teacher and the school principal. Part III describes the policy issues emerging from effective schools research. This part also provide some critical thoughts on the movement from the perspective of an educational psychologist whose specialties are educational measurement and instructional design. This book will prove useful to researchers and practitioners who wish to improve the outcomes of all students in their schools.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Foreword

    Preface

    Part I. Scope and Content

    1. Research on Exemplary Schools: An Historical Perspective

    Introduction

    Frame of Reference

    American Education in Perspective

    Schools, Research, and Individual Differences

    The Tension between Selection and Equality

    Schools Do Not Make a Difference

    Changing Theoretical Perspectives on the Schools

    Challenging the "No-School-Effects" Conclusion

    Trends in the Research

    Exemplary Schools

    Current Work

    Social Implications

    References

    2. Public and Private Schools: Are They Really Different?

    Introduction

    School Management Practices and School Culture

    The Data

    The Results

    Management Practices

    School Culture

    An Observation on School Size

    Summary and Conclusion

    References

    3. The Problems of Public Schools: The Catholic Connection

    Introduction

    The Changed Situation of Catholics: Post-1965

    The Public School Crisis of the Late 1970s: The Catholic Connections

    Catholic Schools: The Exemplary Image

    The Policy Dimensions

    Conclusions

    References

    Part II. Research Approaches

    4. An Examination of 10 years of Research on Exemplary Schools

    Introduction

    The Maryland Study

    The Importance of Leadership in Creating an Effective School

    Exemplary Secondary Schools

    Teachers in Exemplary Schools

    Conclusion

    References

    5. Identification of Exemplary Schools on a Large Scale

    Introduction

    Perspectives

    Method

    Results

    Discussion

    Conclusions

    References

    6. The Investigation of School Climate

    Introduction

    Defining School Climate

    Measuring School Climate

    Variables Associated with School Climate

    Usefulness of the Climate Construct

    Summary and Conclusions

    References

    7. Effective Classroom Teaching: The Necessary but not Sufficient Condition for Developing Exemplary Schools

    Opportunity to Learn

    A Delivered Curriculum

    Allocated Time

    Engaged Time

    Success Rate

    Academic Learning Time

    Related Characteristics of Effective Teachers

    Climate Factors

    Tests and Grades

    Feedback

    Summary of Characteristics of Effective Teachers

    Conclusion

    References

    8. The Role of the Principal in School Improvement

    Introduction

    Methods

    Results

    Summary and Conclusion

    References

    Part III. Research Impact on Policy and Practice

    9. Educational Policy and School Effectiveness

    Effective Schools: A Cultural Perspective

    School-Based District Policy

    District Policy

    State and Federal Policy for Bottom-Up Planning

    State Policy: Competitive Funding

    Federal Policy: Ends Not Means

    Conclusion

    References

    10. Models, Media, Method: Research on Exemplary or Effective Schools as a Psychological Experience

    What the Authors Were Told

    What Our Authors Said

    What Our Authors Left Unsaid

    Facilitating Exemplary Schools Research: An Empirical Model

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 246
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1985
  • Published: October 7, 1985
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483216294

About the Editors

Gilbert R. Austin

Herbert Garber

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