Description

Researchers, students and engineers working with biofuels and biomass are increasingly expected to comprehend a new holistic systems perspective that begins with wise crop breeding and cultivation techniques and informs the entire conversion to energy process. This volume provides diverse examples of successfully implemented sustainable biomass research in Asia, highlighting the challenges faced by designers of new biomass production facilities and tips on how to develop approaches to overcome them. In addition to providing an authoritative guide on the utilization of the authors’ sample feedstocks, rice straw and sunflower, the authors provide lessons relevant to stakeholders involved with all manner of biomass production projects by drawing out important comparisons and contrasts that must be taken into account when deciding how to utilize biomass as an energy resource in a way that is economically feasible and environmentally sustainable.

Key Features

  • Provides diverse examples of successfully implemented biomass research, highlighting insights on common bottlenecks and approaches developed to overcome them
  • Features coverage of the full feedstock life cycle, from crop breeding to commercial
    application, focusing on 3 key areas: biomass production, biofuel conversion technologies, and sustainable practices
  • Examines two regionally compatible feedstock, rice-straw and sunflower, performing a compare and contrast analysis of agricultural production methods, economics, conversion systems, and environmental impacts

Readership

Biomass professionals and engineers; mechanical engineers, renewable energy engineers, chemical engineers, chemists and material scientists, agricultural and food scientists

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments

List of Contributors

Chapter 1. Background of Bioenergy Utilization Development in Japan

Abstract

1.1 Environmental Change with Human Activities

1.2 Japanese Biomass Utilization Policy

References

Chapter 2. Biomass as Local Resource

Abstract

2.1 Definition and Category of Biomass

2.2 Potential Amount of Biomass and Use of Bioenergy

2.3 Biomass Systems

References

Chapter 3. Ecosystems and Biomass Systems

Abstract

3.1 Natural Ecosystems and Satoyama Utilization

3.2 Biomass Production in Cultivated Fields and Conservation of Ecosystems

3.3 Biomass Production and Biodiversity in Paddy Field Ecosystems

References

Chapter 4. Production Technology for Bioenergy Crops and Trees

Abstract

4.1 Photosynthesis and Biomass Production in Energy Crops

4.2 Agronomy and Breeding Technology for Bioenergy Crops

4.3 Plant Molecular Breeding to Energy Crops as Genetic Improvements of Biomass Saccharification

4.4 Improvement of Woody Biomass

References

Chapter 5. Soil Fertility and Soil Microorganisms

Abstract

5.1 Soil Fertility

5.2 Soil Management and Soil Organic Matter

5.3 Soil Microorganisms

5.4 Microbially Mediated Soil Fertility

References

Chapter 6. Machinery and Information Technology for Biomass Production

Abstract

6.1 Machinery for Production of Energy Crop

6.2 Information Systems in Crop Production

6.3 Harvesting the Forest Biomass

6.4 Information System for Forestry Production

References

Chapter 7. Pretreatment and Saccharification of Lignocellulosic Biomass

Abstract

7.1 Composition and Structure of Lignocellulosic Biomass

7.2 Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass

7.3 Pretreatment and Sacchari

Details

No. of pages:
418
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780124046832
Print ISBN:
9780124046092

About the authors

Seishu Tojo

Professor of Environmental and Agricultural Engineering, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Japan