Reproductive Biology of the Great Apes

Reproductive Biology of the Great Apes

Comparative and Biomedical Perspectives

1st Edition - June 28, 1981

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  • Editor: Charles Graham
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323149716

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Description

Reproductive Biology of the Great Apes: Comparative and Biomedical Perspectives discusses the great ape reproduction. The book opens with the menstrual cycle of apes as a good foundation for the subject areas that follow. Accordingly, Chapter 2 focuses on the endocrine changes during the stage of pregnancy among apes, specifically the hormonal changes in chimpanzee. Chapter 3 deals mainly on the condition postpartum amenorrhea. In Chapter 4, the reproductive and endocrine development – from fetal development, infancy, juvenile, to puberty – is discussed. Chapters 5 and 6 thoroughly discuss the female and male ape’s genital tract and their secretions. The sole topic of Chapter 7 deals mainly with the comparative aspects of ape steroid hormone metabolism. Meanwhile, Chapter 8 tackles laboratory research on apes’ sexual behavior. The succeeding chapters talk about the chimpanzee, gorilla, and orangutan reproduction in the wild. Chapters 12 and 13 basically look upon the behaviors of the great apes, specifically intermale competition and sexual selection. The next chapters (14 and 15) look at the necessity of breeding and managing apes in captivity to ensure their continued survival. Lastly, Chapter 16 highlights the significance and great value of apes as models and comparative study in human reproduction. This book will be of great use to human physiologists, comparative anatomists and zoologists, primatologists, ape breeders, and biomedical scientists.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Foreword

    Preface

    Chapter 1 Menstrual Cycle of the Great Apes

    I. Externally Visible Parameters of the Menstrual Cycle

    II. Endocrinology

    III. Cyclic Changes in Secondary Sex Organs

    IV. Indices of Ovulation Time in Apes

    V. Reproductive Senescence

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 2 Endocrinology of Pregnancy in Apes

    I. Introduction

    II. Gestation in Apes

    III. Hormonal Changes during Pregnancy

    IV. Endocrinology of Labor

    V. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 3 Postpartum Amenorrhea and Behavior of Apes

    I. Introduction

    II. Duration of Postpartum Amenorrhea

    III. Endocrinology of Postpartum Amenorrhea

    IV. Mother-Infant Relations during Postpartum Amenorrhea

    V. Discussion and Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 4 Reproductive and Endocrine Development in the Great Apes

    Introduction

    I. Fetal Development

    II. Infancy

    III. The Juvenile Period

    IV. Puberty

    V. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 5 The Female Ape Genital Tract and Its Secretions

    I. Introduction

    II. Gross Anatomy

    III. Microanatomy

    IV. Secretions of the Female Tract

    V. Functional Anatomy

    VI. Experimental Use

    VII. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 6 The Male Ape Genital Tract and Its Secretions

    I. Introduction

    II. Anatomy of the Male Reproductive Tract

    III. Genital Tract Secretions

    IV. Summary

    References

    Chapter 7 Comparative Aspects of Ape Steroid Hormone Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. The Testes

    III. The Ovaries

    IV. The Adrenal

    V. The Fetoplacental Unit

    VI. Summary

    References

    Chapter 8 Laboratory Research on Sexual Behavior of the Great Apes

    I. Introduction

    II. The Ontogeny of Sexual Behavior in Chimpanzees

    III. Estrus and the Hormonal Regulation of Sexual Behavior

    IV. Laboratory and Field Research

    V. Sexual Responsiveness in the Great Apes

    VI. Hormones and Sexual Behavior of the Great Apes

    VII. Sexual Attractivity, Proceptivity, and Receptivity of the Great Apes in the Laboratory

    VIII. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 9 Chimpanzee Reproduction in the Wild

    I. Introduction

    II. Reproductive History

    III. Sexual Behavior

    IV. Competition and Partner Preferences

    V. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 10 Gorilla Reproduction in the Wild

    Introduction

    I. Reproductive History

    II. Sexual Behavior

    III. Competition and Partner Preferences

    References

    Chapter 11 Orangutan Reproduction in the Wild

    I. Reproductive History

    II. Sexual Behavior

    III. Competition and Partner Preferences

    IV. Conclusions: The Orangutan Mating System

    References

    Chapter 12 Intermale Competition and the Reproductive Behavior of the Great Apes

    Introduction

    I. Social Organization

    II. Competition between Males for Females

    III. Reproductive Behavior

    IV. Summary

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 13 Sexual Selection in Man and The Great Apes

    I. Introduction

    II. What Is Sexual Selection?

    III. The Evolution of Social Behavior in the Great Apes

    IV. The Effect of Social Behavior on Sexual Selection in the Great Apes

    V. What Can the Great Apes Tell Us about Man?

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 14 Breeding Great Apes in Captivity

    I. Introduction

    II. Natural Breeding of the Great Apes

    III. Contemporary Topics of Importance to Great Ape Breeding

    IV. Summary

    References

    Chapter 15 Veterinary Management of Great Apes for Reproductive Biology

    I. Introduction

    II. Maintenance of the Great Apes as Experimental Models

    III. Experimental Techniques in Conscious Apes

    IV. Routine Experimental Techniques Requiring Anesthesia

    V. Summary

    References

    Chapter 16 Great Apes as Models in Reproductive Biology

    I. Comparative Aspects of Ape Reproduction

    II. Considerations Governing the Use of Apes as Experimental Models

    III. Advantageous Characteristics of Apes as Models

    IV. Availability of Apes

    V. Conclusion

    References

    Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 456
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: June 28, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323149716

About the Editor

Charles Graham

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