Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Perspectives
1.1 Current marketplace penetration
1.2 Brief history of energy use
1.3 Determinants for the future development in energy use
1.4 Topics for discussion and for mini-projects

PART I: Energy Resources

Chapter 2. Status, prospects and sustainability issues
2.1 Non-renewable energy resources
2.2 Renewable energy resource introduction

Chapter 3. The origin of renewable energy flows
3.1 Solar radiation
3.2 Disposition of radiation at the Earth
3.3 Processes near the surface of the Earth
3.4 Non-radiative energy flows
3.5 Topics for discussion and for mini-projects

Chapter 4. Modelling renewable energy flows
4.1 Circulation modelling
4.2 Climate: definition and modelling
4.3 Climate: interference and change
4.4 Summary of energy and related matter cycles
4.5 Topics for discussion and for mini-projects

Chapter 5. Individual renewable energy resources
5.1 Direct solar energy
5.2 Wind flows
5.3 Water flows and reservoirs, waves and tides
5.4 Heat flows and reservoirs
5.5 Biological conversion and stores
5.6 Topics for discussion and for mini-projects

PART II: Technologies for converting and handling renewable energy

Chapter 6. General principles
6.1 Principles of energy conversion
6.2 Thermodynamical engine cycles
6.3 Topics for discussion and for mini-projects

Chapter 7. Heat energy conversion processes
7.1 Direct thermoelectric conversion
7.2. Engine conversion of solar energy
7.3 Heat pumps
7.4 Geothermal energy conversion
7.5 Ocean-thermal conversion
7.6 Topics for discussion and for mini-projects

Chapter 8. Mechanical energy conversion processes
8.1 Basic description of flow-driven converters
8.2 Propeller-type converters
8.3. Cross-wind and other alternative converter concepts
8.4 Hydro and tidal energy conversion
8.5 Magneto hydrodynamic converters
8.6 Wave en


No. of pages:
© 2010
Academic Press
Print ISBN:
Electronic ISBN:

About the author

Bent Sørensen

Professor Emeritus at the Department of Environmental, Social, and Spatial Change, and a professor of physics at the Institute of Mathematics and Physics, both at Roskilde University, Denmark. He is also an independent consultant at Novator Advanced Technology Consulting. Dr. Sørensen is one of the world’s leading specialists in renewable energy. He has five decades of experience in researching the field, and has published hundreds of monographs, articles in scientific journals, technical reports, and conference contributions. He has received several awards and has been knighted by Her Majesty Queen Margrethe of Denmark.


"This book is written for scholars and research students, going well beyond more popular texts and covering in detail the physics, engineering, environmental impacts and socioeconomics of all renewable energy sources. It includes many hundreds of references…. It is suitable as a textbook at the undergraduate and graduate level for scientists and engineers, and could also be used by economists and planners.  For teachers, there are mini projects and exercises after each Part….the text is clear and the units are still SI."--AIE’s EnergyNews, December 2011, Volume 29, No. 4, page 107

"Renewable Energy, 4e by Bent Sorensen has been structured around three parts in order to assist readers in focusing on the issues that impact them the most for a given project or question. PART I covers the basic scientific principles behind all major renewable energy resources, such as solar, wind and biomass. PART II provides in-depth information about how these raw renewable sources can actually be converted into useful forms, transmitted into the grid and stored for future utilization. Finally, PART III undertakes the aspects of energy planning, environmental impacts and socio-economic issues on regional and global levels."