Renewable Energy Technologies

Renewable Energy Technologies

Their Applications in Developing Countries

1st Edition - January 1, 1986

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  • Authors: L. A. Kristoferson, V. Bokalders
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483190990

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Renewable Energy Technologies: Their Applications in Developing Countries presents an overview and assessment of technologies for energy-related projects in the rural sector of developing countries. This book discusses the important, but not dominant, role that new and renewable sources of energy (NARSE) will have in the Third World. Bioenergy fuel sources come from wood fuel, energy crops, agricultural residue and organic wastes, peat, biomass briquettes, biogas, and animal power. The text also describes the problems related to operating biomass engines and to the production of engine fuels such as alcohol fuels, vegetable oil, producer gas made from wood and charcoal. These problems concern land use and site location for growing these fuel crops, government policies or subsidies, as well as competition with prevailing petrol prices. Solar water heaters and photovoltaic cells can be used by households and in bigger institutions; ongoing technological developments mainly focus on cutting down costs and better manufacturing methods. The book also addresses other NARSE such as hydro, wind, and water power generation. This book is suitable for economists, environmentalists, ecologists, and policy makers involved in energy conservation and rural development.

Table of Contents

  • Preface and Acknowledgments

    Section I Bioenergy: Production, Conversion, Utilization

    Chapter 1 Fuelwood: Forestry & Agroforestry

    Chapter 2 Energy Crops

    Chapter 3 Agricultural Residues and Organic Wastes

    Chapter 4 Peat

    Chapter 5 Briquetting of Biomass

    Chapter 6 Charcoal Production

    Chapter 7 Wood and Charcoal Stoves

    Chapter 8 Biomass Combustion in Small-scale Industry

    Chapter 9 Biogas

    Chapter 10 Biogas

    Section II Biomass Engines and Biomass Engine Fuels

    Chapter 11 Production of Biomass Engine Fuels

    - Solid fuels

    - Ethanol

    - Methanol

    - Vegetable Oils

    Chapter 12 Biomass Fuels in Internal Combustion Engines

    - Alcohol Fuels (Ethanol & Methanol)

    - Vegetable Oils

    - Producer Gas

    Chapter 13 External Combustion Engines and Use of Biomass Fuels

    - Steam Engines and Steam Turbines

    - Stirling Engines

    Chapter 14 Comparison & Selection of Biomass Engines

    Section III Solar Energy

    Chapter 15 Solar Water Heating

    Chapter 16 Photovoltaics

    Chapter 17 Advanced Solar Heating Systems

    Chapter 18 Solar Water Distillation

    Chapter 19 Solar Driers

    Chapter 20 Solar Cookers

    Chapter 21 Passive Heating & Cooling of Buildings

    Section IV Hydro, Wind and Water Power

    Chapter 22 Small-scale Hydropower

    Chapter 23 Ocean Power: Tidal, Wave & OTEC

    Chapter 24 Wind Power

    Chapter 25 Water Pumping: An Overview

    Chapter 26 Wind Pumps

    Chapter 27 Hand Pumps


    Appendix 1 List of Abbreviations, Units and Acronyms

    Appendix 2 Conversion Tables

    Appendix 3 List of Background Reports Commissioned by the Beijer Institute

Product details

  • No. of pages: 338
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1986
  • Published: January 1, 1986
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483190990

About the Authors

L. A. Kristoferson

V. Bokalders

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