Religious Studies - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780434985869, 9781483183206

Religious Studies

1st Edition

Made Simple

Authors: David Stent
eBook ISBN: 9781483183206
Imprint: Made Simple
Published Date: 1st January 1983
Page Count: 204
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Description

Religious Studies: Made Simple presents an extensive examination of the religious beliefs and rituals. It discusses the principles behind the historical origin of Judaism. It addresses studies in the beliefs, teachings, and practices of Jewish beliefs. Some of the topics covered in the book are the examination of biblical evidence of Christianity; development of the Christian faith; developments within the Church in England; existence and nature of God; private and social aspects of religion; pre-Islamic religion in Arabia; and the use of language in religion. The definition and description of morality, death, and immortality are fully covered. An in-depth account of the common features of Islamic beliefs social customs, and practices are provided. The influence of Islam is completely presented. A chapter is devoted to description and traditions of Hinduism. Another section focuses on the religious practices of the Sikh. The book can provide useful information to sociologists, philosophers, students, and researchers.

Table of Contents


Foreword

1 The Development of Religion

Religious Beliefs and Rituals

Huaca or Mona and Taboo

Fetishes

Shamans

Totems

Animism

Sacred Objects

Fertility Charms and Beliefs

Voodoo

Creation Myths

Ritual Practices concerning the Dead

Ancestor Worship

The Cult of the Skulls

Early Burial Rites

Early Egyptian Texts

The Babylonian Gilgamesh Epic

Gods and Goddesses

Sacrifices in Primitive Societies

Questions

Further Reading

2 Judaism: Historical Roots

The Early Traditions and History

The Call of Abraham

The Call of Moses

The Exodus from Egypt

The Covenant on Mount Sinai

The Development of a Nation

The Settlement in Canaan

Tribal Life and the Judges

The Growth of the Nation

Seers and Ecstatic Prophets

The Role Played by Samuel

The Early Kings

Elijah and Elisha

The Eighth Century Prophets

Amos

Hosea

Isaiah

Micah

Religious Reform and the 'Major' Writing Prophets

The Deuteronomic Reform

Jeremiah

Ezekiel

Life in Exile

Deutero-Isaiah

The Return to Jerusalem

The Work of Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi and Trito-Isaiah

The Achievements of Nehemiah and Ezra

Persecution and Resistance from 336 to 4 BC

Hellenic Rule

Antiochus IV and the Maccabean Revolt

The Old Testament and its Canon

The Law, the Prophets and the Writings

The Apocrypha and the Pseudepigrapha

Judaism in the Time of Christ

The Roman Occupation of Palestine

Religious and Patriotic Sects

The Dead Sea Scrolls

The Jewish Dispersion, or Diaspora

Messianism

Hasidism

Emancipation

The Enlightenment

Nationalism

Questions

Further Reading

3 Judaism: Beliefs, Teachings and Practices

Jewish Beliefs

The Ten Commandments, or the Decalogue

The Thirteen Principles of Maimonides

Jewish Writings

The Jewish Bible: the Old Testament

The Talmud

The Midrash

The Jewish Prayer Book

The Sabbath

The Synagogue

Ritual Objects

The Tefillin, or Phylacteries

The Mezuzah

Family Life and Ritual

Dietary Laws

Circumcision

Bar and Bat Mitzvah

Marriage

Divorce

Funerals and Mourning

The Jewish Year and Jewish Festivals

The Jewish Year

Jewish Festivals

Other Major Festivals

Minor Festivals

Major Denominations of Judaism

Orthodox Jews

Reform Judaism

Liberal Judaism

Conservative Judaism

Reconstructionist Movement

Questions

Further Reading

4 Christianity: an Examination of Biblical Evidence

The Life of Christ

The Boyhood of Jesus

John the Baptist

The Baptism of Jesus and his Temptations

The Beginning of Jesus' Ministry

The Miracles of Jesus

The Teaching of Jesus

Caesarea Philippi

The Transfiguration

Jesus in Jerusalem

The institution of the Last Supper

Jesus' Arrest, Trial and Crucifixion

The Work of the Apostles and Their Letters

The Acts of the Apostles

Saul's Conversion

Christianity and Gentiles

The Conference at Jerusalem

Paul Continues his Missionary Work

Paul's Trial and Journey to Rome

The Development of the Church

The New Testament Writings and Canon

Source, Form and Redaction Criticism

Translations and Versions of the Bible

Questions

Further Reading

5 The Development of the Christian Faith

The Early Church

The Organization of the Early Church

Early Christian Martyrs and Apologists

Heresies and Councils

The Middle Ages

The Church in the Reformation Period

The Origins of the Reformation

The Counter Reformation

The Reformation in England

Developments within the Church in England

The Reformed Churches

American Religious Movements

The Church since 1800

Missionary Movements

Developments within the Roman Catholic Church

The Ecumenical Movements

Questions

Further Reading

6 Christian Thinking

The Existence and Nature of God

Science and Religion

The Use of Language in Religion

Christian and Non-Christian Approaches to Life

Existentialism

Private and Social Aspects of Religion

Mysticism

Problems for the Christian

The Incarnation and the Trinity

Evil and Suffering

Religion and Morality

Death and Immortality

Questions

Further Reading

7 The Christian Approach to Current Issues

The Christian's Personal Responsibilities

The Christian's Family Responsibilities

The Christian's Responsibilities in Society

Medical Developments and the Christian

Discrimination and the Christian

The Christian Attitude to War

Questions

Further Reading

8 Islam

Pre-Islamic Religion in Arabia

Muhammad the Prophet

His Life and Work

Islam after the Death of Muhammad

The Qur'an

The Hadith

Islamic Beliefs

The Five Pillars of Islam

The Mosque

Muslim Festivals

Social Customs and Practices

Islamic Law

Muslim Sects

Sufism and the Muslim Mystics

Famous Muslims

The Influence of Islam Today

Questions

Further Reading

9 Hinduism

Origins and Writings

Hindu Beliefs

Hindu Worship, or Puju

Hindu Pilgrimages and Festivals

Family Life

Historical Developments in Hinduism

Modern Hindu Movements

The Brahmo Samaj and Ram Mohun Roy

The Arya Samaj and Dayananda Sarasvati

Sri Ramakrishna and Vivekananda

Hinduism Today

Questions

Further Reading

10 Sikhism

Origins

Sikh Beliefs

Sikh Worship

Sikh Festivals and Anniversaries

Sikh Ceremonies

Questions

Further Reading

11 Zoroastrianism

Origins

Zoroastrian Beliefs

Zoroastrian Writings

Religious Practices

Naojote, the Initiation Ceremony

The Duties of the Priests and Zoroastrian Worship

Morality

Dakhmas, or Towers of Silence for the Dead

Zoroastrianism Today

Questions

Further Reading

12 Buddhism

Origins

Beliefs

Religious Practices

The Sangha

Initiation

Worship and Meditation

Buddhist Festivals

Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism

Buddhist Sects

Questions

Further Reading

13 Jainism

Origins

Jain Beliefs and Practices

Jain Worship

Jain Writings

Developments within Jainism

Questions

Further Reading

14 Taoism

Lao-tzu and the Tao-Te-Ching

Questions

Further Reading

15 Confucianism

Origins

The Teaching of Confucius

The Confucian Canon

The Development of Confucianism

Questions

Further Reading

16 Shinto

Origins and Teachings

Shinto Writings

Shinto Worship

Shinto Today

Questions

Further Reading

Appendix

Index

Details

No. of pages:
204
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Made Simple 1983
Published:
Imprint:
Made Simple
eBook ISBN:
9781483183206

About the Author

David Stent

Ratings and Reviews