Religion in Personality Theory

Religion in Personality Theory

1st Edition - December 3, 2013

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  • Author: Frederick Walborn
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124078642
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124079434

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Religion in Personality Theory makes clear the link between theory and research and personality and religion. Presently, most personality texts have a limited discussion of religion and reference few theorists other than Freud and Maslow in relation to the subject. This book reviews the theory and the empirical literature on the writings of 14 theorists. Every chapter concludes with a summation of the current research on the theorist’s proposals.   Reviews: "Frederick Walborn has written an excellent text that explores the degree to which classical personality theorists were personally influenced by and focused upon religion in developing their personality theories. Each theorist is presented in sufficient detail so that their personal views of religion are seen to influence the theories they developed.  In addition, the current status of the empirical evidence in the psychology of religion is explored in the context of the theorist and theory to which the data is most relevant. Current and up to date, this text is appropriate for either a course in Personality or as an introduction to the Psychology of Religion.  The author's own comprehensive theory of religion and spirituality creatively integrates the positive contributions of the classical personality theorist to the contemporary psychology of religion."      -Ralph W. Hood Jr., Professor of Psychology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga   "In this interesting and accessible book, Frederick Walborn thoughtfully probes the place of religion and spirituality in the writings of a broad range of classical psychological thinkers and offers an insightful critique of current empirical research on the complex relation of religion and spirituality to individual well-being."      -Michele Dillon, Ph.D., Professor and Chair, Department of Sociology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire

Key Features

  • Identifies what major personality theorists say about religion
  • Investigates whether evidence supports or refutes predictions made by different theories
  • Concludes with a comprehensive integrative theory on religion and spirituality


Undergraduate and graduate students in counseling, pastoral counseling, psychology, or social work

Table of Contents

  • Dedication



    Chapter 1. Introduction


    An Overview of the Psychology of Religion/Spirituality

    What to Expect from this Book

    Chapter 2. Sigmund Freud


    Religious Biography

    Totem and Taboo

    Oceanic Feelings

    Oedipal Complex

    Religion Being a Crutch

    The Documentary Hypothesis

    Religion and Rationality

    The Life and Death Instincts

    The Future of Religion According to Freud

    Research on Freud’s Writings on Religion

    The Future of Psychoanalysis and Religion/Spirituality

    Chapter 3. Carl Jung


    Religious Biography

    An Overview of Jung’s Major Concepts and Religion

    Jung and Eastern Religions

    Jung and Western Religions

    Answer to Job

    Quantum Physics and Religion

    Does God Evolve?

    Religion and the Future

    Empirical Evidence


    Chapter 4. Alfred Adler


    Religious Biography

    Coauthor with a Lutheran Minister

    Social Interest

    Empirical Evidence


    Chapter 5. Karen Horney


    Horney’s Adolescent Years

    Horney’s Writings on Religion/Spirituality

    Personality Theory and Religion

    Empirical Literature on Personality Disorders and Religion/Spirituality

    Horney and Zen Buddhism


    Chapter 6. Erik Erikson


    Religious Biography

    Erikson and Religion

    The Psychosocial Stages and Religion

    Martin Luther

    Gandhi’s Truth

    Empirical Evidence


    Chapter 7. Eric Fromm


    Religious Biography

    Fromm’s Definition of Religion

    Existentialism and Freedom

    The Evolution of God

    Old Testament

    New Testament

    Zen Buddhism

    Authoritarian Religions

    Humanistic Religions

    Summary of Fromm’s Religious/Spiritual Writings

    Empirical Literature on Authoritarianism

    Summary of the Empirical Literature on Authoritarianism

    Chapter 8. Burris Frederic Skinner


    Religious Biography

    Free Will and Dignity

    Heaven and Hell

    Superstitious Behavior and Religion

    Eastern Mysticism

    The Virtuous Life

    The Evolution of Religion

    The Master Culture

    Summary of Skinner’s Writings on Religion

    Empirical Literature

    Summary of the Empirical Literature

    Chapter 9. Albert Bandura


    Spiritual Modeling


    Guilt, Forgiveness, and Spiritual Self-Efficacy


    Chapter 10. Walter Mischel


    Spirit Possession

    Delay of Gratification


    Chapter 11. Raymond Cattell


    The Creation of Beyondism

    The Practice of Beyondism

    Beyondism Goes Beyond

    The Universal Reality

    Empirical Literature


    Chapter 12. Abraham Maslow


    Religious Biography

    Dichotomized Religion and Science

    Deficit Needs and Growth Needs


    Peak Experiences and Mysticism

    Evolution of Religions

    Empirical Literature


    Chapter 13. Victor Frankl


    Religious Biography

    Human Search for Meaning

    Unconscious Religion

    Medical Ministry

    Empirical Literature


    Chapter 14. Gordon Allport


    Religious Biography

    Mature versus Immature Religious Sentiment

    Religion and Prejudice

    The Evolution of Religion

    The Empirical Literature


    Chapter 15. John Bowlby


    Individual Differences in Attachment Patterns

    Dependency versus Attachment

    Attachment Criteria and Relationship with God

    Individual Differences of Attachment with God


    Chapter 16. A Comprehensive Theory of Spirituality and Religion


    The Formal Characteristics of a Personality Theory

    Overview of the Integrative/Comprehensive Theory on Spirituality and Religion

    An Integrative/Comprehensive Theory of Spirituality and Religion

    The Secure Pathways and Dynamics

    The Insecure Pathways and Dynamics




Product details

  • No. of pages: 456
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2014
  • Published: December 3, 2013
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124078642
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124079434

About the Author

Frederick Walborn

Frederick Walborn earned his bachelor of science degree in psychology from Western Illinois University. He received his masters in research psychology Western Illinois Univesity and his masters and PhD in clinical psychology from Alliant International University. In 2011, Dr. Walborn received the Faculty Award of Excellence at Glenville State College’s commencement ceremony. He has been a professor at Glenville State College in Glenville, West Virginia for the past 8 years.

Affiliations and Expertise

Glenville State College, Glenville, West Virginia, USA

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  • hosain Wed Jan 15 2020


    chapter 14