Rehabilitation of Metallic Civil Infrastructure Using Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites

Rehabilitation of Metallic Civil Infrastructure Using Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites

Types Properties and Testing Methods

1st Edition - March 7, 2014

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  • Editor: Vistasp M. Karbhari
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096654
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857096531

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Description

Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are becoming increasingly popular as a material for rehabilitating aging and damaged structures. Rehabilitation of Metallic Civil Infrastructure Using Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites explores the use of fiber-reinforced composites for enhancing the stability and extending the life of metallic infrastructure such as bridges. Part I provides an overview of materials and repair, encompassing topics of joining steel to FRP composites, finite element modeling, and durability issues. Part II discusses the use of FRP composites to repair steel components, focusing on thin-walled (hollow) steel sections, steel tension members, and cracked aluminum components. Building on Part II, the third part of the book reviews the fatigue life of strengthened components. Finally, Part IV covers the use of FRP composites to rehabilitate different types of metallic infrastructure, with chapters on bridges, historical metallic structures and other types of metallic infrastructure. Rehabilitation of Metallic Civil Infrastructure Using Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites represents a standard reference for engineers and designers in infrastructure and fiber-reinforced polymer areas and manufacturers in the infrastructure industry, as well as academics and researchers in the field.

Key Features

  • Looks at the use of FRP composites to repair components such as hollow steel sections and steel tension members
  • Considers ways of assessing the durability and fatigue life of components
  • Reviews applications of FRP to infrastructure such as steel bridges

Readership

Engineers and designers in infrastructure and fiber reinforced polymer areas; Manufacturers in the infrastructure industry

Table of Contents

    • Dedication
    • Contributor contact details
    • Woodhead Publishing Series in Civil and Structural Engineering
    • Preface
    • Part I: Introduction and overview
      • Chapter 1: Rehabilitation of metallic civil infrastructure using fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites: a materials and systems overview at the adhesive bond level
        • Abstract:
        • 1.1 Introduction
        • 1.2 Overall considerations
        • 1.3 Understanding adhesive bonds
        • 1.4 Bond level considerations
        • 1.5 Summary and conclusion
      • Chapter 2: Repair of metallic airframe components using fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
        • Abstract:
        • 2.1 Introduction
        • 2.2 Metallic airframe components
        • 2.3 Key issues in repair
        • 2.4 The use of adhesively bonded patch repairs
        • 2.5 Composite materials and adhesives for bonded patch repairs
        • 2.6 Application technologies and non-destructive inspection of bonded repairs
        • 2.7 Design and modelling of bonded composite repairs
        • 2.8 Certification of repairs to primary structures
        • 2.9 Validation of certified repairs
        • 2.10 Case studies
        • 2.11 Conclusion: limitations and lessons learnt
        • 2.12 Acknowledgement
      • Chapter 3: Finite element modelling of adhesive bonds joining fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites to steel
        • Abstract:
        • 3.1 Introduction
        • 3.2 Behaviour of adhesive joints
        • 3.3 Analysis of adhesive joints
        • 3.4 Singular stress fields
        • 3.5 Strain distribution in adhesive joints
        • 3.6 The contribution of the finite element method in the analysis of geometrically modified adhesive joints
        • 3.7 Conclusion
      • Chapter 4: Durability of steel components strengthened with fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
        • Abstract:
        • 4.1 Introduction
        • 4.2 Basic degradation mechanisms
        • 4.3 Galvanic corrosion
        • 4.4 Degradation of the bulk adhesive
        • 4.5 Degradation of the steel/adhesive interface
        • 4.6 Conclusion and future trends
        • 4.7 Sources of further information and advice
    • Part II: Application to components
      • Chapter 5: Enhancing the stability of structural steel components using fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
        • Abstract:
        • 5.1 Introduction
        • 5.2 Inelastic section (local) buckling
        • 5.3 Buckling (crippling) induced by high local stresses
        • 5.4 Elastic global (Euler) buckling
        • 5.5 Field applications of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP)-stabilised steel sections
        • 5.6 Conclusion and future trends
      • Chapter 6: Strengthening of thin-walled (hollow) steel sections using fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
        • Abstract:
        • 6.1 Introduction
        • 6.2 Testing thin-walled steel square hollow sections (SHS) and spot-welded (SW) SHS strengthened with carbon fibre-reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites
        • 6.3 Strengthening of thin-walled steel sections for axial compression
        • 6.4 Strengthening of thin-walled steel sections for axial impact
        • 6.5 The role of the steel–CFRP bond
        • 6.6 Conclusion and future trends
      • Chapter 7: Rehabilitation of steel tension members using fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
        • Abstract:
        • 7.1 Introduction
        • 7.2 Repair methods
        • 7.3 Adhesive bonding of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) laminates
        • 7.4 Materials
        • 7.5 Bond enhancement
        • 7.6 Fundamentals of analysis and design
        • 7.7 Conclusion and future trends
        • 7.8 Sources of further information and advice
      • Chapter 8: Rehabilitation of cracked aluminum components using fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
        • Abstract:
        • 8.1 Introduction
        • 8.2 Rehabilitation of connections in aluminum overhead sign structures (OSS)
        • 8.3 Static tests of K-tube-to-tube connections
        • 8.4 Constant amplitude fatigue performance of K-tube-to-tube connections
        • 8.5 Conclusion and future trends
        • 8.6 Acknowledgments
    • Part III: Fatigue performance
      • Chapter 9: Fatigue life of adhesive bonds joining carbon fibre-reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites to steel components
        • Abstract:
        • 9.1 Introduction
        • 9.2 Previous research on the fatigue performance of adhesive bonding between carbon fibre-reinforced polymer (CFRP) plates and steel substrates
        • 9.3 Modelling and predicting fatigue of adhesive bonds
        • 9.4 Testing adhesive bonds
        • 9.5 Test results and analysis
        • 9.6 Conclusion and future trends
        • 9.7 Acknowledgements
      • Chapter 10: Fatigue life of steel components strengthened with fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
        • Abstract:
        • 10.1 Introduction
        • 10.2 Improvement of the fatigue life of steel components
        • 10.3 Fracture mechanics modelling
        • 10.4 Fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) strengthening of steel girders
        • 10.5 Strengthening of welded details
        • 10.6 Design of FRP reinforcement
        • 10.7 Conclusion and future trends
      • Chapter 11: Extending the fatigue life of steel bridges using fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
        • Abstract:
        • 11.1 Introduction
        • 11.2 The development of composite materials for the repair of fatigue damage
        • 11.3 Understanding fatigue damage in steel bridges
        • 11.4 Repair of fatigue cracks in plates subjected to tension
        • 11.5 Repair of welded connections
        • 11.6 Repair of fatigue damage due to out-of-plane forces
        • 11.7 Conclusion
    • Part IV: Application to infrastructure systems
      • Chapter 12: Using fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites to rehabilitate differing types of metallic infrastructure
        • Abstract:
        • 12.1 Introduction
        • 12.2 Types of metallic materials and structures needing rehabilitation
        • 12.3 Structural deficiencies in metallic structures
        • 12.4 Strengthening metallic structures using fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
        • 12.5 Rehabilitating cast iron bridges and other structures: case studies
        • 12.6 Rehabilitating steel structures: case studies
        • 12.7 Rehabilitating an aluminium beam structure: a case study
        • 12.8 Rehabilitation of onshore and offshore pipe work and other infrastructure
        • 12.9 Conclusion: the use of FRP composites to strengthen metallic structures
        • 12.10 Acknowledgements
      • Chapter 13: Assessment and rehabilitation of steel railway bridges using fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
        • Abstract:
        • 13.1 Introduction
        • 13.2 Assessment procedures for damaged bridges
        • 13.3 Rehabilitation and strengthening of bridges with fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
        • 13.4 Rehabilitation and strengthening against corrosion
        • 13.5 Strengthening of structural members
        • 13.6 Conclusion
      • Chapter 14: Strengthening of historic metallic structures using fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
        • Abstract:
        • 14.1 Introduction
        • 14.2 Brief history of the use of cast iron and wrought iron
        • 14.3 Production, metallurgy and properties of historic irons
        • 14.4 Structures in cast and wrought iron
        • 14.5 Fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite strengthening of cast and wrought iron structures
        • 14.6 Conclusion
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 464
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2014
  • Published: March 7, 2014
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096654
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857096531

About the Editor

Vistasp M. Karbhari

Dr. Vistasp Karbhari is a Professor in the Departments of Civil Engineering, and Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering at the University of Texas at Arlington where he served as the 8th President. An internationally reputed researcher, Dr. Karbhari is an expert in the processing and mechanics of composites, durability of materials, infrastructure rehabilitation, and multi-threat mitigation and has authored/coauthored over 460 papers in journals and conference publications and is the editor/co-editor of 6 books. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); the National Academy of Inventors (NAI); ASM International; the International Institute for Fiber-reinforced Polymers in Construction; the International Society for Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure; the American Society of Civil Engineers; and the ASCE’s Structural Engineering Institute, and is a member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Texas at Arlington, TX, USA

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