Regulatory Functions of the CNS Principles of Motion and Organization - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080268149, 9781483189932

Regulatory Functions of the CNS Principles of Motion and Organization

1st Edition

Proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, Budapest, 1980

Editors: J. Szentágothai M. Palkovits J. Hámori
eBook ISBN: 9781483189932
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1981
Page Count: 350
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Description

Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 1: Regulatory Functions of the CNS: Principles of Motion and Organization covers the proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, held in Budapest in 1980. This text is comprised of six parts. Before presenting the six major topics, this book first explains the principles of neural organization and the perception and action. The first part studies the mechanisms of transmission in the monosynaptic reflex pathway in the spinal cord, while the second part looks into the neural mechanisms of voluntary movements and precentral motor area. Other parts of this book present papers on motor organization, eye movements, sleep, and unitary activity of the brain. This selection will be invaluable to physiologists, students of physiology, and others interested in studying the principles of motion and organization.

Table of Contents


Foreword

Preface

Principles of Neural Organization

Perception and Action

Mechanisms of Transmission in the Mono-synaptic Reflex Pathway in the Spinal Cord

Introductory Comments on the Mechanisms of Transmission in the Mono-synaptic Reflex Pathway in the Spinal Cord

la EPSPs in Cat Motoneurons are Depressed by Mn2+, Co2+, and Some other Agents

Fluctuations in Group la EPSPs: Consequences for Mechanisms of Transmitter Release and Measured Parameters of Averaged EPSPs

Junctional Mechanisms at Synapses between Primary Afferents and Vertebrate Motoneurones

Terminal Potentials, Synaptic Delay and Piesynaptic Inhibition in the Spinal Monosynaptic Reflex Pathway

Some Solutions to Problems Encountered on Attempting to Depolarize Cat Motoneurones Sufficiently to Reverse la E.P.S.Ps

Mechanisms of Transmitter Release at la Afferent Terminations

Studies of EPSP Mechanisms in Spinal Neurons

Effect of Tetanus Toxin on Excitatory and Inhibitory Synapses of the Motoneurones in the Spinal Cord

The Significance of Motor Unit Size Relative to la Excitation for the Gain of the Stretch Reflex

Functional Role of Rerminal Arborizations of Group IA and Spindle Group II Fibers in Monosynaptic Transmission to Motoneurons

Electrical Transmission between Primary Afferents and Motoneurons Related to Function

Neural Mechanisms of Voluntary Movements and Precentral Motor Area

Opening Remarks on the Neural Mechanisms of Voluntary Movements and Precentral Motor Area

Summaries of Presentations on the Neural Mechanisms of Voluntary Movements and Central Motor Area

Closing Remarks on the Neural Mechanisms of Voluntary Movements and Precentral Motor Area

Locomotion

Control of Locomotion. Introduction

Neural Control of Locomotion in the Turtle

Half-centers Revisited

Significance of Spinal Stretch Reflexes in Human Locomotion

Level Setting of Postural Tonus and Initiation of Locomotion by MLR Stimulation

Intraspinal Mechanisms for the Control of Locomotion

Locomotor Control in Macaque Monkeys

Locomotion. Concluding Remarks

Principles of Motor Organization

Introductory Comments on the Principles of Motor Organization

Central Pattern Generation of Forelimb and Hindlimb Locomotor Activities in the Cat

The Effect of Antidromic Stimulation of Hindhmb Nerves during Fictive Locomotion in Low Spinal Cats to Test a Model of a Spinal Locomotor Generator

Use of a Synchronization Test in Studies on Segmental Motor Control

Concluding Remarks on the Principles of Motor Organization

Eye Movements and Pursuit Control System

On the Generation of Rapid Eye Movements in the Brain-stem and Cerebellum

Functional Organization of the Pathways Mediating Horizontal Opto-kinetic eye Nystagmus (OKN) in Mammals

Relation of Superior Colliculus to the Initiation of Eye Movements

Morphological Substrates for the Eye Movement Related Activity of Prepositus Neurons

A Study, in the Alert Cat, of the Physiological and Morphological Characteristics of Second-order Vestibular Neurons Terminating in the Abducens Nucleus

Tectal and Reticular eNurons eRlated to Gaze Control

Development of Tonic Vestibular Reflexes of the Eyes in Postnatal Growing Rabbits

Sleep and Unitary Activity of the Brain

Mid-brain Reticular Discharge Related to Fore-brain Activation Processes

Pontine Brainstem Neuronal Activity and REM Sleep Control Mechanisms

Intracellular Analysis of Motoneuron Activity during Sleep and Wakefulness

Modification of Cortical and Thalamic Unit Activity by Visceral Stimulation during Sleep in Cats

Raphe Unit Activity in Cats Displaying REM Sleep without Atonia

State-dependent Motor Control Mechanisms of the Pontine and Medullary Reticular Formation

Single Unit and Electrochemical Recordings of the Raphe System during the Sleep-waking Cycle

Effects of Alpha Blockade on Sleep under Selective Monoamine Re-uptake Inhibitors

Index

Details

No. of pages:
350
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1981
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483189932

About the Editor

J. Szentágothai

M. Palkovits

J. Hámori

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