Preface. Introduction: what drives the ocean currents? Temperature, salinity, density and the oceanic pressure field. The Coriolis force, geostrophy, Rossby waves and the westward intensification. Ekman layer transports, Ekman pumping and the Sverdrup balance. Water mass formation, subduction and the oceanic heat budget. Antarctic oceanography. Arctic oceanography: the path of North Atlantic Deep Water. The Pacific Ocean. Hydrology of the Pacific Ocean. Adjacent seas of the Pacific Ocean. The Indian Ocean. Hydrology of the Indian Ocean. Adjacent seas of the Indian Ocean and the Australasian Mediterranean Sea (the Indonesian throughflow). The Atlantic Ocean. Hydrology of the Atlantic Ocean. Adjacent seas of the Atlantic Ocean. Aspects of advanced regional oceanography. The oceans and the world's mean climate. El Niño and the Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The ocean and climate change. References. Glossary. Index.
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