Regional Geology and Tectonics: Principles of Geologic Analysis

Regional Geology and Tectonics: Principles of Geologic Analysis

1st Edition - March 16, 2012

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  • Editor: David G. Roberts
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080951867

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Expert petroleum geologists David Roberts and Albert Bally bring you Regional Geology and Tectonics: Principles of Geologic Analysis, volume one in a three-volume series covering Phanerozoic regional geology and tectonics. It has been written to provide you with a detailed overview of geologic rift systems, passive margins, and cratonic basins, it features the basic principles necessary to grasping the conceptual approaches to hydrocarbon exploration in a broad range of geological settings globally.

Key Features

  • Named a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication
  • A "how-to" regional geology primer that provides a detailed overview of tectonics, rift systems, passive margins, and cratonic basins
  • The principles of regional geological analysis and the main geological and geophysical tools are discussed in detail.
  • The tectonics of the world are captured and identified in detail through a series of unique geographic maps, allowing quick access to exact tectonic locations.
  • Serves as the ideal introductory overview and complementary reference to the core concepts of regional geology and tectonics offered in volumes two and three in the series.


Geologists, geophysicists, and marine geologists globally in academia and petroleum exploration with a focus on tectonics, basin analysis, sedimentary processes and petroleum systems. The secondary market includes undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as instructors in Geosciences.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors for Volumes 1A

    Foreword and Introduction


    Section 1 The Earth

    1. Regional geology and tectonics of sedimentary basins

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 A historical perspective

    1.3 Some remarks on regional geology and tectonics

    1.4 Conclusion


    2. The Earth

    2.1 Overview

    2.2 Methods of investigation

    2.3 The lithosphere

    2.4 The mantle

    2.5 The core


    3. Phanerozoic volcanism

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Mid-ocean ridge basalts

    3.3 Subduction zones: Andesites, basaltic andesites

    3.4 Oceanic intraplate volcanism

    3.5 Continental intraplate volcanism

    3.6 Discussion


    Section 2 Geological megaprovinces

    4. Some remarks on basins and basin classification and tectonostratigraphic megasequences

    4.1 Tectonstratigraphic megasequences


    5. A lithospheric perspective on structure and evolution of Precambrian cratons

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Lateral and depth extent of the cratons

    5.3 Correlation between lithospheric thickness and geological age

    5.4 Lithosphere modification by mantle convection and plumes

    5.5 Correlations between lateral and depth extents of cratonic lithosphere and plate motions


    6. Convergent margins and orogenic belts

    6.1 Introduction and summary

    6.2 Orogens, their types, terminology, and plate tectonic setting

    6.3 Orogenic belts and tectonics: Some terms defined

    6.4 Andean, Cordilleran, and Tethyan tectonics: Products of plate motions, mantle cooling, and supercontinental cycles

    6.5 Sutures and megasutures

    6.6 Cordilleran tectonics: Compression above non-compressional subduction

    6.7 Segments of steep subduction and tectonics of the arc-trench gap

    6.8 Segments of low-dip subduction and the compressional style

    6.9 Orogenic compression: A cradle of Coulomb wedges

    6.10 Five geodynamic concepts of orogeny

    6.11 Cordilleran tectonics: Confirming model and distracting details

    6.12 Basin types in orogens

    6.13 Basin types: Terminology and lithology

    6.14 Oceanic accretionary wedges: Sediments and structure

    6.15 Geodynamics of sedimentary basins

    6.16 Internides and externides

    6.17 Cordilleran main thrusts: Links between internides and externides

    6.18 Fold-thrust belts: Cordillera's Externides

    6.19 Wedge dynamics: Setting and growth of FTB wedges

    6.20 Wedge growth

    6.21 Wedge thickening

    6.22 Tectonic setting of FTB wedges

    6.23 FTB: Strain, style elements, and four styles

    6.24 First style: Fault-bend folds and duplexes

    6.25 Second style: Detached buckle folds

    6.26 Third style: FTB-associated basement upthrusts

    6.27 Fourth style: Slate belts

    6.28 Externide FTB: Selected details

    6.29 Foreland flexure

    6.30 Foothills and orogenic fronts

    6.31 Strain rates and style changes

    6.32 Problems with duplexes

    6.33 Remnant detached folds and discordant thrust faults

    6.34 Rotation zones, retrocharriage, steep zones

    6.35 Fanned steep zone

    6.36 Kinked steep zone

    6.37 Internides

    6.38 Arc magmatism and magmatic arcs

    6.39 Accreted terranes

    6.40 Ophiolite belts and oceanic lithosphere

    6.41 Ophiolitic melanges and ophiolite emplacement

    6.42 Metamorphism: Concepts and methods

    6.43 Structural styles of metamorphic terranes

    6.44 Stockwerk tectonics in East Greenland

    6.45 Collision orogens

    6.46 Orogenic belts and strike-slip tectonics

    6.47 Orogenic belts and extensional tectonics

    6.48 Oceanic orogenic belts

    6.49 Gravity-driven fold-thrust belts


    7. Crustal seismic reflection profiles of collisional orogens

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 The global database

    7.3 General seismic reflection characteristics of collisional orogens

    7.4 Regional geometric features of collisional orogens

    7.5 The significance of the Moho and the crust-mantle transition

    7.6 Precambrian orogens

    7.7 Conclusions



    Section 3 Principles of Regional Geological Analysis: Geological and Geophysical Tools

    8. Geological methods

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Satellite images and data

    8.3 Hotspots, rifts, reefs, deltas, and cratonic regions: Views from space (seeChapter 9)

    8.4 Geological and tectonic maps



    9. Hotspots, rifts, reefs, deltas, and cratonic basins

    9.1 Volcanic oceanic islands, plateaus, hotspots

    9.2 Deltas

    9.3 Recent carbonate systems

    9.4 Rift-transform fault systems

    9.5 Cratonic basins and arches


    10. 2D and 3D seismic data


    11. Wide-angle refraction and reflection

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Wide-angle acquisition

    11.3 Modelling wide-angle data

    11.4 Examples of wide-angle seismic interpretations


    12. Regional tectonics and basin formation

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Continental scale gravity and magnetic studies

    12.3 Satellite measurements

    12.4 Conclusion

    Section 4 Sedimentary Systems

    13. Seismic and sequence stratigraphic analysis

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Brief history of sequence stratigraphy

    13.3 The eustasy debate and cyclicity

    13.4 Modern sequence stratigraphic concepts

    13.5 Stratigraphic surfaces, sequences and system tracts

    13.6 Case history A: Sequences on seismic – Alaska, USA

    13.7 Case history B: Sequences on well logs – Barrow Delta, Australia


    14. A brief review of developments in stratigraphic forward modelling, 2000–2009

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Basics of model formulation

    14.3 Model inversion

    14.4 Siliciclastic SFMs

    14.5 Carbonate SFMs

    14.6 What next in SFM?


    15. Lake systems

    15.1 Introduction to lakes and lake systems

    15.2 Lakes in time and space; preservation of lakes in the Phanerozoic rock record

    15.3 Classification of lakes; the different settings for lakes

    15.4 Conditions needed to create and maintain a tectonic lake with well-developed lake sequences

    15.5 Megasequences, sequences, and cycles in basins containing tectonic lakes

    15.6 Controls on lake sequences and sequence stratigraphy

    15.7 Important differences between lake and marine sequence stratigraphy

    15.8 Principal depositional environments in lake basins

    15.9 Predicting lake sequences and facies

    15.10 Major petroleum systems involving lake sequences

    15.11 Features of potential petroleum source-rocks that develop in lakes

    15.12 Petroleum systems in Early Cretaceous and Tertiary lake basins of South and East Asia



    16. Late Ordovician glaciogenic reservoir heterogeneity

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Study area

    16.3 Geological setting

    16.4 Stratigraphic architecture

    16.5 Internal facies architecture of syn-glacial sandstones (Unit 2)

    16.6 Internal facies architecture of syn-glacial to postglacial sandstones (Unit 4)

    16.7 Conclusions



    17. River deltas

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Global distribution of deltas

    17.3 Sources of delta variability

    17.4 Basic depositional components of deltas

    17.5 Shifting of sedimentary facies belts

    17.6 Deltas and sea level


    18. Architecture and growth history of a Miocene carbonate platform from 3D seismic reflection data

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Geological setting

    18.3 Data and methods

    18.4 Seismic stratigraphic units

    18.5 Ties to wells

    18.6 Interpretation

    18.7 Discussion

    18.8 Conclusions



    19. Pelagic realms

    19.1 Overview

    19.2 Distribution

    19.3 Rates of sedimentation

    19.4 Plate stratigraphy

    19.5 Pelagic sediments on land

    19.6 Temporal trends in pelagic sedimentation


    20. Controls on reservoir distribution, architecture, and stratigraphic trapping in slope settings

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Accommodation

    20.3 Slope types

    20.4 Discussion

    20.5 Conclusions



    21. The Barbados ridge

    21.1 The Lesser Antilles active margin

    21.2 The Atlantic abyssal plain

    21.3 The outer deformation front

    21.4 The belt of subsurface sediment mobilisation

    21.5 Barbados basin

    21.6 Barbados crest

    21.7 Inner deformation front and the Tobago basin

    21.8 Conclusion



    22. Uplift, denudation, and their causes and constraints over geological timescales

    22.1 Introduction

    22.2 Some definitions

    22.3 Causes of uplift

    22.4 Quantifying denudation

    22.5 Denudation and sediment supply

    22.6 Modelling regional denudation

    22.7 Summary statement


    23. The accumulation of organic-matter-rich rocks within an earth systems framework

    23.1 Plate reconstructions

    23.2 Proximate controls on accumulation of organic matter

    23.3 Application of concepts to predicting source accumulation

    23.4 Conclusions


    24. Fluid flow in sedimentary basins including petroleum systems

    24.1 Introduction

    24.2 Principles of fluid flow in sedimentary basins

    24.3 Overpressure detection and modelling

    24.4 Hydrocarbon fluids and charge modelling

    24.5 Petroleum systems analysis


    Section 5 Experimental and analogue structural models

    25. 4D analogue modelling of transtensional pull-apart basins

    25.1 Introduction

    25.2 Experimental procedure

    25.3 Experimental results

    25.4 Discussion

    25.5 Conclusions



    Section 6 Ocean Basins

    26. Ocean floor tectonics

    26.1 Introduction

    26.2 Mid-ocean ridges

    26.3 Transform faults

    26.4 Subduction zones


    27. Ophiolites and oceanic lithosphere

    27.1 Introduction

    27.2 Ophiolites and ophiolites

    27.3 Ophiolites as paleogeographic markers

    27.4 Conclusion




Product details

  • No. of pages: 900
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2012
  • Published: March 16, 2012
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080951867

About the Editor

David G. Roberts

Affiliations and Expertise

BP Exploration Operation Co. Ltd., Middlesex, UK

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