Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Rift Systems and Sedimentary Basins

Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Rift Systems and Sedimentary Basins

Volume 2: Phanerozoic Rift Systems and Sedimentary Basins

1st Edition - April 23, 2012

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  • Editor: David G. Roberts
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444563637
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444563569

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Expert petroleum geologists David Roberts and Albert Bally bring you Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Rift Systems and Sedimentary Basins, volume two in a three-volume series covering Phanerozoic regional geology and tectonics. Experience in analyzing and assessing rifts—locations where the Earth’s outer shell and crust have been stretched over time by seismic activity—is critical for you as an exploration geologist in identifying Earth’s most lucrative hydrocarbon locations in which extraction is both efficient and safe. Vast compilations of related industry data present regional seismic lines and cross sections, and summaries of analogue and theoretical models are provided as an essential backdrop to the structure and stratigraphy of various geological settings.

Key Features

  • Named a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication
  • A practical reference for petroleum geologists that discusses the importance of rift systems and the structural evolution of the Earth
  • Analyses of active rifts in East Africa, China, Siberia, the Gulf of Suez, and the Russian Arctic provide immediately implementable petroleum exploration applications in regions heavily targeted by oil & gas companies
  • Presents overviews of sequence stratigraphy in rifts and structural controls on clastic and carbonate sedimentation—critical to the exact mapping of the most lucrative hydrocarbon locations by exploration geologists


Geologists, geophysicists, and marine geologists globally in academia and petroleum exploration with a focus on tectonics, basin analysis, sedimentary processes and petroleum systems. The secondary market includes undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as instructors in Geosciences.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors for Volumes 1A

    Foreword and Introduction


    SECTION 1. Rift Systems

    1. Regional geology and tectonics of sedimentary basins

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 A historical perspective

    1.3 Some remarks on regional geology and tectonics

    1.4 Conclusion


    2. From rifts to passive margins

    2.1 Rifts (Chapters 2–17)

    2.2 Passive margins

    2.3 Amagmatic margins

    2.4 Magmatic margins

    2.5 Transform passive margins


    3. Models for the evolution of passive margins

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Subsidence and uplift history

    3.3 Thermal and mechanical structure

    3.4 Models

    3.5 Conclusions



    4. Rift sequence stratigraphy

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Fundamental concepts

    4.3 Controls on the stratigraphic architecture of rift basins

    4.4 Discussion and conclusions: A sequence-stratigraphic model for rift basins



    5. Structural control on syn-rift sedimentation, northwestern Red Sea margin, Egypt

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Stratigraphy and structure of the northwestern Red Sea

    5.3 Stratigraphic architecture and sedimentology of the Miocene syn-rift strata

    5.4 Discussion: Models for the structural control on the Miocene fan delta systems

    5.5 Conclusions



    6. Carbonate-dominated marine rifts

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Cenozoic of Gulf of Suez–Red Sea–Gulf of Aden case study

    6.3 Cretaceous South Atlantic margins subsurface case study

    6.4 Synthesis and discussion

    6.5 Conclusions

    About the Author


    SECTION 2. Active and Cenozoic Rifts

    7. Evolution of the Cenozoic East African rift system

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Continental breakup models

    7.3 Geodynamical and plate kinematic setting

    7.4 Cenozoic rift systems of East Africa

    7.5 Chronology of volcanism, uplift, and rifting

    7.6 Kinematics of rifting

    7.7 Rift structure



    8. The Gulf of Suez rift basin

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Megasequence description

    8.3 Depositional patterns in megasequence 4 (Middle Miocene)

    8.4 Structure of the Gulf of Suez

    8.5 Petroleum habitat

    8.6 Conclusions



    9. Cenozoic rifts of eastern China

    9.1 Introduction and overview

    9.2 The geodynamic development of rifts in eastern China

    9.3 Eastern China Cenozoic rifts


    Further reading

    10. Xialiao, North China Basin

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Geologic setting

    10.3 Xialiao basin

    10.4 Discussion

    10.5 Conclusions



    11. Lake Baikal

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 General geological setting and evolution

    11.3 Morpho-structural characteristics and architecture

    11.4 Sedimentary infill

    11.5 Volcanism

    11.6 Deep structure

    11.7 Deformation mechanisms

    11.8 Some topics of current research



    12. Geology of the shelves surrounding the New Siberian Islands from seismic images

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Data basis

    12.3 Tectonic setting and structure of the shelves

    12.4 Seismic stratigraphy of the acoustic basement and the superimposed sedimentary successions

    12.5 Major rift basins of the Laptev Shelf

    12.6 New Siberian Basin and Neben Basin

    12.7 Structural features of the East Siberian Shelf

    12.8 Discussion and conclusion



    SECTION 3. Mesozoic and Older Rifts

    13. Development of the passive margin of Eastern North America

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Geologic overview

    13.3 Evolution of eastern North America

    13.4 Summary and discussion



    14. Extensional tectonics and stratigraphy of the Mesozoic Jeanne d’Arc basin, Grand Banks of Newfoundland

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Tectonic evolution

    14.3 Jeanne d’Arc structural styles

    14.4 Stratigraphic response

    14.5 Discussion

    14.6 Conclusions


    About the Authors


    15. The Recôncavo basin

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 The Recôncavo–Tucano–Jatobá rift system

    15.3 Rift abortion, rift jump, and the origin and duration of the Northeast Brazilian Sergipe Microplate

    15.4 Time span of rifting

    15.5 The Recôncavo basin S.S.

    15.6 Major tectonic elements of the Recôncavo basin: The Salvador and Mata-Catu faults

    15.7 Petroleum resources

    15.8 FTA in the Recôncavo basin

    15.9 Conclusions



    16. The Dniepr-Donets Basin

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Tectono-stratigraphic successions of the DDB

    16.3 Salt tectonics in the DDB

    16.4 Hydrocarbon occurrence in the DDB

    16.5 Regional tectonic setting of the DDB

    About the Authors


    17. Sedimentary basins of the late Mesozoic extensional domain of China and Mongolia

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Basins and structures associated with low-strain extension

    17.3 Basins and structures associated with high-strain extension

    17.4 Implications



    18. Songliao/Erlian rifts

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 The Songliao Basin

    18.3 The Erlian Basin

    Further reading

    SECTION 4. Inverted Rift Systems

    19. Inverted rift-basins of northern Egypt

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Basin stratigraphy

    19.3 Conclusions




Product details

  • No. of pages: 500
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2012
  • Published: April 23, 2012
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444563637
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444563569

About the Editor

David G. Roberts

Affiliations and Expertise

BP Exploration Operation Co. Ltd., Middlesex, UK

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