Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Rift Systems and Sedimentary Basins - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444563569, 9780444563637

Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Rift Systems and Sedimentary Basins

1st Edition

Editors: David G. Roberts A.W. Bally
eBook ISBN: 9780444563637
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444563569
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 23rd April 2012
Page Count: 500
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Expert petroleum geologists David Roberts and Albert Bally bring you Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Rift Systems and Sedimentary Basins, volume two in a three-volume series covering Phanerozoic regional geology and tectonics. Experience in analyzing and assessing rifts—locations where the Earth’s outer shell and crust have been stretched over time by seismic activity—is critical for you as an exploration geologist in identifying Earth’s most lucrative hydrocarbon locations in which extraction is both efficient and safe. Vast compilations of related industry data present regional seismic lines and cross sections, and summaries of analogue and theoretical models are provided as an essential backdrop to the structure and stratigraphy of various geological settings.

Key Features

  • Named a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication
  • A practical reference for petroleum geologists that discusses the importance of rift systems and the structural evolution of the Earth
  • Analyses of active rifts in East Africa, China, Siberia, the Gulf of Suez, and the Russian Arctic provide immediately implementable petroleum exploration applications in regions heavily targeted by oil & gas companies
  • Presents overviews of sequence stratigraphy in rifts and structural controls on clastic and carbonate sedimentation—critical to the exact mapping of the most lucrative hydrocarbon locations by exploration geologists


Geologists, geophysicists, and marine geologists globally in academia and petroleum exploration with a focus on tectonics, basin analysis, sedimentary processes and petroleum systems. The secondary market includes undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as instructors in Geosciences.

Table of Contents

Contributors for Volumes 1A

Foreword and Introduction


SECTION 1. Rift Systems

1. Regional geology and tectonics of sedimentary basins

1.1 Introduction

1.2 A historical perspective

1.3 Some remarks on regional geology and tectonics

1.4 Conclusion


2. From rifts to passive margins

2.1 Rifts (Chapters 2–17)

2.2 Passive margins

2.3 Amagmatic margins

2.4 Magmatic margins

2.5 Transform passive margins


3. Models for the evolution of passive margins

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Subsidence and uplift history

3.3 Thermal and mechanical structure

3.4 Models

3.5 Conclusions



4. Rift sequence stratigraphy

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Fundamental concepts

4.3 Controls on the stratigraphic architecture of rift basins

4.4 Discussion and conclusions: A sequence-stratigraphic model for rift basins



5. Structural control on syn-rift sedimentation, northwestern Red Sea margin, Egypt

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Stratigraphy and structure of the northwestern Red Sea

5.3 Stratigraphic architecture and sedimentology of the Miocene syn-rift strata

5.4 Discussion: Models for the structural control on the Miocene fan delta systems

5.5 Conclusions



6. Carbonate-dominated marine rifts

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Cenozoic of Gulf of Suez–Red Sea–Gulf of Aden case study

6.3 Cretaceous South Atlantic margins subsurface case study

6.4 Synthesis and discussion

6.5 Conclusions

About the Author


SECTION 2. Active and Cenozoic Rifts

7. Evolution of the Cenozoic East African rift system

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Continental breakup models

7.3 Geodynamical and plate kinematic setting

7.4 Cenozoic rift systems of East Africa

7.5 Chronology of volcanism, uplift, and rifting

7.6 Kinematics of rifting

7.7 Rift structure



8. The Gulf of Suez rift basin

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Megasequence description

8.3 Depositional patterns in megasequence 4 (Middle Miocene)

8.4 Structure of the Gulf of Suez

8.5 Petroleum habitat

8.6 Conclusions



9. Cenozoic rifts of eastern China

9.1 Introduction and overview

9.2 The geodynamic development of rifts in eastern China

9.3 Eastern China Cenozoic rifts


Further reading

10. Xialiao, North China Basin

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Geologic setting

10.3 Xialiao basin

10.4 Discussion

10.5 Conclusions



11. Lake Baikal

11.1 Introduction

11.2 General geological setting and evolution

11.3 Morpho-structural characteristics and architecture

11.4 Sedimentary infill

11.5 Volcanism

11.6 Deep structure

11.7 Deformation mechanisms

11.8 Some topics of current research



12. Geology of the shelves surrounding the New Siberian Islands from seismic images

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Data basis

12.3 Tectonic setting and structure of the shelves

12.4 Seismic stratigraphy of the acoustic basement and the superimposed sedimentary successions

12.5 Major rift basins of the Laptev Shelf

12.6 New Siberian Basin and Neben Basin

12.7 Structural features of the East Siberian Shelf

12.8 Discussion and conclusion



SECTION 3. Mesozoic and Older Rifts

13. Development of the passive margin of Eastern North America

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Geologic overview

13.3 Evolution of eastern North America

13.4 Summary and discussion



14. Extensional tectonics and stratigraphy of the Mesozoic Jeanne d’Arc basin, Grand Banks of Newfoundland

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Tectonic evolution

14.3 Jeanne d’Arc structural styles

14.4 Stratigraphic response

14.5 Discussion

14.6 Conclusions


About the Authors


15. The Recôncavo basin

15.1 Introduction

15.2 The Recôncavo–Tucano–Jatobá rift system

15.3 Rift abortion, rift jump, and the origin and duration of the Northeast Brazilian Sergipe Microplate

15.4 Time span of rifting

15.5 The Recôncavo basin S.S.

15.6 Major tectonic elements of the Recôncavo basin: The Salvador and Mata-Catu faults

15.7 Petroleum resources

15.8 FTA in the Recôncavo basin

15.9 Conclusions



16. The Dniepr-Donets Basin

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Tectono-stratigraphic successions of the DDB

16.3 Salt tectonics in the DDB

16.4 Hydrocarbon occurrence in the DDB

16.5 Regional tectonic setting of the DDB

About the Authors


17. Sedimentary basins of the late Mesozoic extensional domain of China and Mongolia

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Basins and structures associated with low-strain extension

17.3 Basins and structures associated with high-strain extension

17.4 Implications



18. Songliao/Erlian rifts

18.1 Introduction

18.2 The Songliao Basin

18.3 The Erlian Basin

Further reading

SECTION 4. Inverted Rift Systems

19. Inverted rift-basins of northern Egypt

19.1 Introduction

19.2 Basin stratigraphy

19.3 Conclusions





No. of pages:
© Elsevier 2012
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:

About the Editor

David G. Roberts

Affiliations and Expertise

BP Exploration Operation Co. Ltd., Middlesex, UK

A.W. Bally

Affiliations and Expertise

Rice University, Houston, TX, USA


CHOICE Outstanding Academic Titles, 2013 , American Library Association


"The monumental work is without equal, a massive assemblage of information in three volumes, 13 sections, and 71 chapters. Subject coverage overall relates more to divergent and transform plate boundary and cratonic regions than to convergent plate regions. However, two masterful extended summaries of convergent plate boundary complexes and ocean basins balance and complete global coverage of the three volumes."--CHOICE April 2013