Reflection Seismology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124095380, 9780124096004

Reflection Seismology

1st Edition

Theory, Data Processing and Interpretation

Authors: Yang Wencai
eBook ISBN: 9780124096004
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124095380
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 6th November 2013
Page Count: 272
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Authored by a geophysicist with more than 50 years of experience in research and instruction, Reflection Seismology: Theory, Data Processing and Interpretation provides a single source of foundational knowledge in reflection seismology principles and theory.

Reflection seismology has a broad range of applications and is used primarily by the oil and gas industry to provide high-resolution maps and build a coherent geological story from maps of processed seismic reflections. Combined with seismic attribute analysis and other exploration geophysics tools, it aids geologists and geo-engineers in creating geological models of areas of exploration and extraction interest. Yet as important as reflection seismology is to the hydrocarbon industry, it’s difficult to find a single source that synthesizes the topic without having to wade through numerous journal articles from a range of different publishers. This book is a one-stop source of reflection seismology theory, helping scientists navigates through the wealth of new data processing techniques that have emerged in recent years.

Key Features

  • Provides geoscientists and geo-engineers with a theoretical framework for navigating the rapid emergence of new data processing techniques
  • Presents a single source of reflection seismology content instead of a scattering of disparate journal articles
  • Features more than 100 figures, illustrations, and working examples to aid the reader in retaining key concepts
  • Arms geophysicists and geo-engineers with a solid foundation in seismic wave equation analysis and interpretation


The primary audience includes exploration geoscientists and geo-engineers working on seismic data processing and interpretation, and software engineers who develop computer algorithms for seismic exploration and production.
The secondary audience includes instructors and graduate students taking related coursework in geophysics.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Introduction to the Wave Theory


1.1 Wave Motion in Continuous Media

1.2 Vibration

1.3 Propagation and Diffusion

1.4 Acoustic Wave Equation

1.5 Acoustic Wave Equation with Complex Coefficients

1.6 Acoustic Wave Equation with Variant Density or Velocity

1.7 Summary

Chapter 2. Elastic Waves in a Perfect Elastic Solid


2.1 Stress Tensor and Strain Tensor

2.2 Vector Wave Equation in Fully Elastic Media

2.3 Scalar Wave Equations in Fully Elastic Media

2.4 Elastic Wave Equation in Two-Dimensional Media

2.5 Elastic Wave Equations in Anisotropic Media

2.6 Boundary Conditions for Elastic Wave Equations

2.7 Elastic Wave Velocities of Rocks

Chapter 3. From Elastic Waves to Seismic Waves


3.1 On Acoustic Wave Equations with Variant Coefficients

3.2 Seismic Reflection Records and Corresponding Equations

3.3 Elastic Waves in Horizontally Multilayered Media

3.4 Elastic Waves in Fluid-Saturated Solid (I): Gassmann's Model

3.5 Elastic Waves in Fluid-Saturated Solid (II): Biot's Theory

3.6 Tracking Reservoirs with the Gassmann Model

Chapter 4. Wave Equation Reduction with Reflection Seismic Data Processing


4.1 The Statics of Land Seismic Data

4.2 Muting and Deghost Filtering

4.3 Shear Wave Decoupling Process

4.4 Suppression of Multiples Generated by the Ocean Bottom

4.5 CMP Stacking

4.6 The One-Way Wave Equation and the Wave Migration Equations

4.7 Reflectors

4.8 Summary

Chapter 5. Integral Solutions of the Wave Equation with Boundary and Initial Value Conditions


5.1 Integral Solutions for Mixed Cauchy Boundary Value Problems

5.2 The Kirchhoff Integral Formula for the Boundary Value Wave Equation Problems

5.3 The Green's Function of Boundary Value Problems for Wave Motion

5.4 The Green's Function in Medium with Linear Velocity

5.5 The Eikonal Equation and the Transport Equations

5.6 The Second-Type Green's Function with Nonhomogeneous Boundary Conditions

5.7 Summary

Chapter 6. Decomposition and Continuation of Seismic Wave Field


6.1 The Equations of Acoustic Upgoing and Downgoing Waves

6.2 Kirchhoff Migration of the Prestack Seismic Data

6.3 Downward Continuation of the Reflective Seismic Wave Field in Homogenous Media

6.4 Downward Continuation of Seismic Wave Field in Vertically Inhomogeneous Media

6.5 The Pseudo-Differential Operator and Fourier Integral Operator

6.6 Downward Continuation of the Seismic Wave Field in Inhomogeneous Medium

6.7 Decomposition of Body Waves in Reflection Seismic Wave Field

6.8 Brief Summary

Chapter 7. Seismic Inversion


7.1 Introduction to Inverse Problems in Seismology

7.2 Born Approximation Inversion by Inverse Scattering

7.3 Acoustic Wave Equation Inversion in Vertically Inhomogeneous Background Media

7.4 Acoustic Inverse Scattering Problems in Variant Velocity Media

7.5 Linearized Iterative Inversion of Seismic Reflection Data

7.6 The Maximum Entropy Inversion and Inversion for Reservoir Parameters

7.7 Summary

Appendix. Finite Difference Method for Solving the Acoustic Wave Equation with Velocity and Density Variant Media

A1 Introduction

A2 Mathematical Models of Sedimentary Basin

A3 Seismic Modeling with the Finite Difference Method

A4 Programming of the Finite Difference Method

A5 The Fortran Program

A6 Instruction Manual for the Program




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© Elsevier 2014
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About the Author

Yang Wencai

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Geology of CAGS and China University of Geological Science, Beijing, China