Reducing Saturated Fats in Foods - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781845697402, 9780857092472

Reducing Saturated Fats in Foods

1st Edition

Editors: G Talbot
eBook ISBN: 9780857092472
Hardcover ISBN: 9781845697402
Paperback ISBN: 9780081017135
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 19th April 2011
Page Count: 416
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Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition

Part I: Saturated fats in foods: functional and nutritional aspects

Chapter 1: Saturated fats in foods and strategies for their replacement: an introduction

Abstract:

1.1 Background to the need to reduce saturated fats

1.2 Chemistry and structure of fatty acids and triglycerides

1.3 Saturated fat and fatty acid consumption in the EU, US and UK

1.4 Opposing views on effects of saturates on cardiovascular disease

1.5 Replacements for saturates

1.6 Areas not covered by specific chapters in this book

1.7 Future trends

1.8 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 2: The functional attributes that fats bring to food

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Perception of fat

2.3 Role of fat in the texture of foods

2.4 Engineering fat to tailor appetite

2.5 Consequences for strategies to reduce fat

2.6 Future trends

2.7 Sources of further information and advice

2.8 Acknowledgements

Chapter 3: Sources of saturated and other dietary fats

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Vegetable oils rich in saturated fats

3.3 Mammalian milk fats

3.4 Animal carcass fats

3.5 Hydrogenated fats

3.6 The trans effect

3.7 Future trends

3.8 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 4: Health aspects of saturated fatty acids

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Atherosclerosis as the basis for cardiovascular diseases (CVD)

4.3 Effects of individual fatty acids on plasma total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglycerides (VLDL)

4.4 Effects of fatty acids on other biomarkers related to coronary heart disease (CHD)

4.5 Evidence linking LDL cholesterol to the development of atherosclerosis and CHD

4.6 Effects of saturated fatty acids (SFA) on disease states related to CVD

4.7 Cancer

4.8 Dietary recommendations related to SFA

4.9 Trends in consumption of SFA as related to trends in mortality and incidence of CVD

4.10 Conclusion

Chapter 5: Chronic disease risk associated with different dietary saturated fatty acids

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Key dietary saturated fatty acids

5.3 Chronic disease risk differences between different saturated fatty acids

104 Reducing saturated fats in foods

5.4 The ‘stearic acid’ effect – chronic disease risk effects of stearic acid

5.5 Future trends

Chapter 6: Nutritional characteristics of palm oil

Abstract:

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Serum cholesterol, lipoproteins and dietary fatty acids

6.3 Effects of palm olein as part of a low-fat healthy diet

6.4 Effects of dietary fatty acids on LDL-C/HDL-C ratios

6.5 Palm oil minor components

6.6 Conclusion and future trends

6.7 Sources of further information and advice

Part II: Food reformulation to reduce saturated fats

Chapter 7: Reducing saturated fat using emulsion technology

Abstract:

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Fat composition

7.3 Emulsion droplets

7.4 Phase structuring and emulsions

7.5 Fat replacers

7.6 Processing

7.7 Applications

7.8 Future trends

7.9 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 8: Diacylglycerol oils: nutritional aspects and applications in foods

Abstract:

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Digestion, absorption and metabolism of DAG

8.3 Production process patents

8.4 Product application patents

8.44 DAG oil composition containing phytosterols

8.5 Regulatory status

8.6 Future trends

8.7 Source of further information

Chapter 9: Saturated fat reduction in milk and dairy products

Abstract:

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Milk

9.3 Cheese

9.4 Butter and spreadable fats

9.5 Reducing the saturated content of milk fat through feed

9.6 Future trends

9.7 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 10: Saturated fat reduction in butchered meat

Abstract:

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Animal production

10.3 Preparation of cuts

10.4 In the kitchen and on the plate

10.5 Effect on meat quality

10.6 Future trends

10.7 Conclusions

10.8 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 11: Saturated fat reduction in processed meat products

Abstract:

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Ground-meat products (burgers)

11.3 Sausages – coarse-ground (e.g. cooked salami, breakfast sausage)

11.4 Sausages – emulsion-type products (e.g. bologna, frankfurters)

11.5 Sausages – dry fermented (e.g. summer sausage, dry salami)

11.6 Prepared and coated meat products (e.g. nuggets, pies)

11.7 Future trends

11.8 Sources of further information

Chapter 12: Altering animal diet to reduce saturated fat in meat and milk

Abstract:

12.1 Introduction

12.2 The fat content of meat and milk

12.3 Dietary effects on the fat content and fatty acid composition of meat

12.4 Dietary effects on the fat content and fatty acid composition of milk

12.5 Influence of ‘additives’ on saturated fatty acids in meat and milk

12.6 Future trends

12.7 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 13: Reducing saturated fat in savoury snacks and fried foods

Abstract:

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Frying oils

13.3 Effects of frying oils and frying parameters on the quality of fried foods

13.4 Innovating technologies in frying and their impact on the quality of fried foods

13.5 Changes in savoury snacks

13.6 Future trends

Chapter 14: Saturated fat reduction in biscuits

Abstract:

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Types of fat used in biscuits

14.3 The technology of biscuits

14.4 Techniques for saturates reduction

14.5 Future trends

14.6 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 15: Saturated fat reduction in pastry

Abstract:

15.1 Introduction

15.2 The dough/fat matching process in pastry

15.3 Process rheological modeling

15.4 Margarine and shortenings for reducing saturated fats

15.5 Conclusions

15.6 Future trends

15.8 Acknowledgments

Chapter 16: Reducing saturated fat in chocolate, compound coatings and filled confectionery products

Abstract:

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Chocolate

16.3 Compound coatings

16.4 Filled confectionery products

16.5 Future trends

16.6 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 17: Saturated fat reduction in ice cream

Abstract:

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Basic components and processing of ice cream

17.3 Sources of fat and saturated fat in ice cream products

17.4 The function of fat in ice cream

17.5 Properties of fats used in current ice cream products

17.6 Challenges associated with saturated fatty acid (SFA) reduction

17.7 Future trends

Chapter 18: Saturated fat reduction in sauces

Abstract:

18.1 Introduction

18.2 Sensory properties of sauces

18.3 Product lifetime

18.4 Conclusions

18.5 Future trends

Index


Description

The need to reduce saturated fat levels in food and the different ways of doing this are among the most important issues facing the food industry. Reducing saturated fats in foods reviews the sources and effects of saturated fats in food and the ways in which the food industry can effectively reduce saturates.

Part one covers the functional and nutritional aspects of saturated fats in foods, with chapters covering sources of dietary saturated fats, their functional attributes and the health issues associated with saturated fatty acids. Part two focuses on reducing saturated fats through food reformulation, concentrating on both the technologies used and the food categories affected. Chapters cover topics such as emulsion technology for reduction of saturated fats and the application of diacylglycerol oils, as well as different food categories including milk and dairy products, processed meats, fried foods and pastry products.

With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Reducing saturated fats in foods is an essential reference for oils and fats processors and food manufacturers, as well as those researching saturated fats in the academic sector.

Key Features

  • Reviews the sources and effects of saturated fats in food and the ways in which the food industry can effectively reduce saturates
  • Explores the functional and nutritional aspects of saturated fats in foods, covering sources of dietary saturated fats and their functional attributes
  • Focuses on reducing saturated fats through food reformulation, concentrating on both the technologies used and the food categories affected

Readership

oils and fats processors, food manufacturers, students and academics


Details

No. of pages:
416
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2011
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780857092472
Hardcover ISBN:
9781845697402
Paperback ISBN:
9780081017135

Reviews

This publication provides an excellent "state of the art" review of the subject area. The contents have been well selected and cover all the important aspects., Food Science and Technology
This book should be of interest to nutritionists, legislators on food issues, and to those working in the food industry., Lipid Technology


About the Editors

G Talbot Editor

Geoff Talbot is a freelance consultant specialising in all aspects of fats and oils in the food industry.

Affiliations and Expertise

The Fat Consultant, UK