Recycling and Deinking of Recovered Paper

1st Edition

Print ISBN: 9780128103142
eBook ISBN: 9780124171695
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 22nd October 2013
Page Count: 240
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Paper recycling in an increasingly environmentally conscious world is gaining importance. Increased recycling activities are being driven by robust overseas markets as well as domestic demand. Recycled fibers play a very important role today in the global paper industry as a substitute for virgin pulps. Paper recovery rates continue to increase year after year

Recycling technologies have been improved in recent years by advances in pulping, flotation deinking and cleaning/screening, resulting in the quality of paper made from secondary fibres approaching that of virgin paper. The process is a lot more eco-friendly than the virgin-papermaking process, using less energy and natural resources, produce less solid waste and fewer atmospheric emissions, and helps to preserve natural resources and landfill space.

Currently more than half of the paper is produced from recovered papers. Most of them are used to produce brown grades paper and board but for the last two decades, there is a substantial increase in the use of recovered papers to produce, through deinking, white grades such as newsprint, tissue, market pulp.

By using recycled paper, companies can take a significant step toward reducing their overall environmental impacts. This study deals with the scientific and technical advances in recycling and deinking including new developments.

Key Features

  • Covers in great depth all the aspects of recycling technologies
  • Covers the latest science and technology in recycling
  • Provides up-to-date, authoritative information and cites many mills experiences and pertinent research
  • Includes the use of biotech methods for deinking, refining. and improving drainage


Management in pulp and paper organizations, researchers in pulp and paper organizations, TAPPI (Technical association of the pulp and paper industry) USA, TAPPI Japan, CPPA Canada, Appita Australia, IPPTA  India, Other paper mill associations of USA, Canada and other countries

Table of Contents


1. Introduction

1.1 The Paper and Paperboard Industry in the Global Market

1.2 General Aspects of Paper Recycling

1.3 Benefits of Recycling

1.4 Statistics

1.5 Challenges for Paper Recyclers


2. Legislation for Use of Recycled Paper

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Legislation in the European Union

2.3 Legislation in Japan

2.4 Legislation in the USA


3. Collection Systems and Sorting of Recovered Paper

3.1 Collection

3.2 Sorting, Handling and Storage of Recovered Paper


4. Process Steps in Recycled Fibre Processing

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Process Steps and Equipment


5. System and Process Design for Different Paper and Board Grades

5.1 Introduction

5.2 RCF Stock Preparation for Newsprint and Improved Paper Grades

5.3 RCF Stock Preparation for Market Pulp Systems

5.4 RCF Stock Preparation for Fine Paper System

5.5 RCF Stock Preparation for Tissue

5.6 RCF Stock Preparation for Test Liner


6. Effects of Recycling on Pulp Quality

6.1 Introduction

6.2 General Effects of Recycling on Papermaking Properties

6.3 Factors Influencing Recycling

6.4 Techniques to Enhance Strength Properties of Recycled Fibres


7. Chemicals Used in Deinking and Their Function

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Alkali

7.3 Stabilisers

7.4 Hydrogen Peroxide

7.5 Chelating Agents

7.6 Surfactants

7.7 Dispersion Agents

7.8 Collecting Chemicals

7.9 Frothing Agent

7.10 Defoamer

7.11 Emulsions

7.12 Modified Inorganic Particle

7.13 Calcium Salts


8. Deinking with Enzymes

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Enzymes Used in Deinking and Their Mechanism</p


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"…it’s about time that someone should come along and shine some light on the topic of recycling and deinking of recovered paper…it is a volume that many readers will appreciate having near to their desk…It is well-organized, quite comprehensive, but also highly readable and concise…"--Bioresources 9(2)
"I think it is a volume that many readers will appreciate to have near to their desk. It is well-organized, quite comprehensive, but also highly readable and concise handbook…It is written by a single highly capable author…a lot has happened since the year 2000, and much of this is reflected in the contents."--BioResources Online, May 2014